gan

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡæn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æn

Etymology 1[edit]

Perhaps connected with Middle English gane, or possibly from Welsh geneu, Cornish ganau (mouth).[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

gan (uncountable)

  1. (obsolete, UK, thieves' cant) Mouth.
    • 1922 February, James Joyce, “[Chapter III]”, in Ulysses, London: The Egoist Press, published October 1922, OCLC 2297483:
      White thy fambles, red thy gan
      And thy quarrons dainty is.
      Couch a hogshead with me then.
      In the darkmans clip and kiss.

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

gan

  1. (archaic) simple past tense of gin

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably a variant of gang, from Middle English gangen, from Old English gangan (to step; walk; go).

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

gan (third-person singular simple present gans, present participle gannin, simple past went, past participle gone)

  1. (Northumbria) To go.
    • 2011, Chris Dockerty, Ramblings of a Geordie:
      The one problem I had here was my broad Geordie accent which the teachers tried their hardest to make me lose. I couldn't understand their problem with it because I could understand myself. Whenever I told them, "Am gannin yem", they would say, "No, Christopher. It's not "am gannin yem", it's "I am going home".

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Frank Graham (1987) The New Geordie Dictionary, →ISBN
  • Newcastle 1970s, Scott Dobson and Dick Irwin, [2]
  • Todd's Geordie Words and Phrases, George Todd, Newcastle, 1977[3]
  • A List of words and phrases in everyday use by the natives of Hetton-le-Hole in the County of Durham, F.M.T.Palgrave, English Dialect Society vol.74, 1896, [4]
  • Northumberland Words, English Dialect Society, R. Oliver Heslop, 1893–4
  • A Dictionary of North East Dialect, Bill Griffiths, 2005, Northumbria University Press, →ISBN

Anagrams[edit]


Antillean Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French gant.

Noun[edit]

gan

  1. glove

Bambara[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gan

  1. to jump

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gan

  1. hot

Verb[edit]

gan

  1. (transitive) to heat up

References[edit]


Dharug[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gan

  1. reptile
  2. (specifically) goanna

References[edit]

  • Jakelin Troy (1993) The Sydney Language, Canberra, →ISBN, page 53

Dutch Low Saxon[edit]

Verb[edit]

gan

  1. Alternative spelling of gaon

Garo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Bengali গান (gan).

Noun[edit]

gan

  1. song

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cen (besides; without), from Proto-Celtic *kina (on this side of); compare Middle Welsh am-gen (otherwise), Breton ken (otherwise).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

gan (plus nominative, triggers no mutation in specific references but lenition in general references)

  1. without
  2. not (in conjunction with a verbal noun)

Usage notes[edit]

  • In standardised Irish, triggers lenition (except of d, s, t) of unmodified nouns, e.g. gan phingin (without a penny). Does not trigger lenition of modified nouns, e.g. gan pingin ina phóca (without a penny in his pocket). In the meaning ‘not’, does not trigger lenition of either a verbal noun or on the direct object of the verbal noun, e.g. gan ceannach ("not to buy"), gan pingin a shaothrú ("not to earn a penny").

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gan

  1. Rōmaji transcription of がん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of ガン

Latvian[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

gan

  1. both, and

Usage notes[edit]

Used in pairs: gan jauna, gan skaista "both young and beautiful"


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gan

  1. Nonstandard spelling of gān.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of gǎn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of gàn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English ġeġn.

Preposition[edit]

gan

  1. Alternative form of gain (against)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English gān.

Verb[edit]

gan

  1. (Early Middle English, Northern) Alternative form of gon (to go)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old English gān, ġegān.

Verb[edit]

gan

  1. Alternative form of gon (gone)

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Verb[edit]

gan (present stem -gê-)

  1. to have sexual intercourse with somebody, to fuck somebody

Noun[edit]

gan ?

  1. having sex, fucking

Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *gān.

Verb[edit]

gān

  1. to go

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Dutch: gâen
    • Dutch: gaan
      • Afrikaans: gaan
      • Javindo: ha, haat
      • Jersey Dutch: xân, xâne
      • Petjo: gaan, haan
    • Limburgish: gaon

Further reading[edit]

  • gān”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *gān, from Proto-Germanic *gāną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₁- (to leave). The verb was defective in Germanic and may only have existed in the present tense.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gān

  1. to go
  2. to walk

Usage notes[edit]

  • The expected present participle, gānde, is very rare. Instead gangende is almost always used, from the synonym gangan: Līf nis būtan gangendu sċadu ("Life is but a walking shadow").

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *gān.

Verb[edit]

gān

  1. to go

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Saterland Frisian: geen (simple past, past participle of gunge)
  • West Frisian: gean

Old Saxon[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *gān.

Verb[edit]

gān

  1. to go

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Salar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Turkmen gan.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Dazhuang, Mengda, Hanbahe, Jiezi, Gaizi, Xunhua, Qinghai, Ili, Yining, Xinjiang) IPA(key): [qɑn]
  • (Ucirem(where?), Xunhua, Qinghai) IPA(key): [qɑːn]

Noun[edit]

gan

  1. blood

References[edit]

  • Tenishev, Edhem (1976), “gan”, in Stroj salárskovo jazyká [Grammar of Salar], Moscow: Nauka, page 460
  • Ma, Chengjun; Han, Lianye; Ma, Weisheng (December 2010), “gan”, in 米娜瓦尔 艾比布拉 (Minavar Abibra), editor, 撒维汉词典 (Sāwéihàncídiǎn) [Salar-Uyghur-Chinese dictionary], 1st edition, Beijing, →ISBN, page 218
  • 马伟 (Ma Wei), 朝克 (Chao Ke) (2014), “gan”, in 撒拉语366条会话读本 [Salar 366 Conversation Reader], 1st edition, 社会科学文献出版社 (Social Science Literature Press), →ISBN, page 109
  • Yakup, Abdurishid (2002), “gan”, in An Ili Salar Vocabulary: Introduction and a Provisional Salar-English Lexicon, Tokyo: University of Tokyo, →ISBN, page 104

Scots[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Northern Middle English gan, from Old English gān (to go). Past tense supplied by Old English wenden (to wend).

Verb[edit]

gan (third-person singular simple present gans, present participle gan, simple past went or wett, past participle been)

  1. to go

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

gan

  1. them (direct object)
    A bheil sibh gan creidsinn?Do you believe them?

Usage notes[edit]

  • Before words beginning with b, f, m or p gam is used instead.

Related terms[edit]


Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gan

  1. Romanization of 𒃶 (gan)

Ternate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From older gani.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gan

  1. Alternative form of gani (louse)

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English gun.

Noun[edit]

gan

  1. gun

Turkmen[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *kiān (blood).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gan (definite accusative gany, plural ganlar)

  1. blood

Declension[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *t-kaːn, from Old Chinese (OC *s.kˤa[r]) (SV: can). Cognate with Chut [Rục] təkaːn¹ ("bold").

Displaced native lòm, now only found in the compounds đỏ lòm and chua lòm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(classifier ) gan

  1. (anatomy) a liver
  2. (figuratively) audacity; gall; balls
    to ganaudacious
    nhát gan / gan thỏ đếchicken

Noun[edit]

(classifier cây) gan

  1. (botany) Malus doumeri
    Synonym: sơn tra

Adjective[edit]

gan

  1. hepatic
  2. courageous, brave, tough

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

Anagrams[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gan (nominative plural gans)

  1. (male or female) goose

Declension[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Welsh cant, from Proto-Celtic *kanta.[1] Cognate with Breton gant and Ancient Greek κατά (katá, against; downwards).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

gan (triggers soft mutation)

  1. with
    Synonyms: â, gyda, efo
  2. (North Wales) used with bod to indicate possession
    Mae gen i wallt hir.
    I have long hair.
    (literally, “Long hair is with me.”)
    Synonym: (South Wales) gyda
  3. by (after a passive construction)
    Cafodd y car ei ddwyn gan ddau llanc.
    The car was stolen by two youths.
  4. by (authorship)
  5. used with verbal noun to indicate an action simultaneous with that of the main verb, while, whilst
    • King, Gareth (1993) Modern Welsh: A Comprehensive Grammar (Routledge Grammars), London and New York: Routledge, →ISBN, page 131:
      Aeth o gwmpas y stafell gan ofyn yr un cwestiwn i bawb.
      He went around the room [while] asking everyone the same question.
Inflection[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

See [5] for more information.

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gan

  1. Soft mutation of can.

Noun[edit]

gan

  1. Soft mutation of can.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
can gan nghan chan
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “gan”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Wolof[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gan (definite form gan gi)

  1. stranger
  2. guest

Yoruba[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gàn

  1. (transitive) to disparage, criticize, belittle
    Synonyms: pẹ̀gàn, ṣáátá, ṣàbùkù, kẹ́gàn
    ọ̀tá mí gànmy enemy disparages me
Derived terms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • gan before a direct object
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gan

  1. (intransitive) to become stiff, to harden
    kankéré ti ganThe concrete has hardened
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gán

  1. (transitive) to stub, to clear (plants or a forest)
    Synonym: ṣán
    àgbẹ́ gán' igbóThe farmer cleared the forest
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gán

  1. to use something very sparingly
    Synonym: sún
    mo ń gán owó lòI am using money very sparingly
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gán

  1. to hit something with a thrown or spun object
    mo ń gán owó lòI am using money very sparingly
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gán

  1. to tack or stich something together
    Synonym: rán
    mo gán etí aṣọ pọ̀I hemmed the edge of the cloth together
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • gbá (to stich together the edges of a mat)

Etymology 7[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gán

  1. to snatch something in the air, especially with one hand
    Synonyms: hán, wọ́n
    mo fọwọ́ gán bọ́ọ̀lù náà pákóI used my hand to snatch the ball swiftly from the air
Derived terms[edit]