gan

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Perhaps connected with Middle English gane, or possibly from Welsh geneu, Cornish ganau (mouth).[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

gan (uncountable)

  1. (obsolete, Britain, thieves' cant) Mouth.
    • 1922 , James Joyce, Ulysses, chapter III:[2]
      White thy fambles, red thy gan
      And thy quarrons dainty is.
      Couch a hogshead with me then.
      In the darkmans clip and kiss.

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

gan

  1. (archaic) simple past tense of gin

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably a variant of gang, from Middle English gangen, from Old English gangan (to step; walk; go).

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

gan (third-person singular simple present gans, present participle gannin, simple past went, past participle gone)

  1. (obsolete outside Northumbria) To go.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • The New Geordie Dictionary, Frank Graham, 1987, →ISBN
  • Newcastle 1970s, Scott Dobson and Dick Irwin, [3]
  • Todd's Geordie Words and Phrases, George Todd, Newcastle, 1977[4]
  • A List of words and phrases in everyday use by the natives of Hetton-le-Hole in the County of Durham, F.M.T.Palgrave, English Dialect Society vol.74, 1896, [5]
  • Northumberland Words, English Dialect Society, R. Oliver Heslop, 1893–4
  • A Dictionary of North East Dialect, Bill Griffiths, 2005, Northumbria University Press, →ISBN

Anagrams[edit]


Antillean Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French gant.

Noun[edit]

gan

  1. glove

Bambara[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gan

  1. to jump

References[edit]


Dutch Low Saxon[edit]

Verb[edit]

gan

  1. Alternative spelling of gaon

Garo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Bengali গান (gan).

Noun[edit]

gan

  1. song

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cen (besides; without), from Proto-Celtic *kina (on this side of); compare Middle Welsh am-gen (otherwise), Breton ken (otherwise).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

gan (plus nominative, triggers no mutation in specific references but lenition in general references)

  1. without
  2. not (in conjunction with a verbal noun)

Usage notes[edit]

  • In standardised Irish, triggers lenition (except of d, s, t) of unmodified nouns, e.g. gan phingin (without a penny). Does not trigger lenition of modified nouns, e.g. gan pingin ina phóca (without a penny in his pocket). In the meaning ‘not’, does not trigger lenition of either a verbal noun or on the direct object of the verbal noun, e.g. gan ceannach ("not to buy"), gan pingin a shaothrú ("not to earn a penny").

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gan

  1. Rōmaji transcription of がん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of ガン

Latvian[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

gan

  1. both, and

Usage notes[edit]

Used in pairs: gan jauna, gan skaista "both young and beautiful"


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gan

  1. Nonstandard spelling of gān.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of gán.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of gǎn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of gàn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English ġeġn.

Preposition[edit]

gan

  1. Alternative form of gain (against)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English gān.

Verb[edit]

gan

  1. (Early Middle English, Northern) Alternative form of gon (to go)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old English gān, ġegān.

Verb[edit]

gan

  1. Alternative form of gon (gone)

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Verb[edit]

gan (present stem -gê-)

  1. to have sex with somebody, to fuck somebody

Noun[edit]

gan ?

  1. having sex, fucking

Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gāną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₁- (to leave).

Verb[edit]

gān

  1. to go

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Dutch: gâen
    • Dutch: gaan
      • Afrikaans: gaan
    • Limburgish: gaon

Further reading[edit]

  • gān”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *gān, from Proto-Germanic *gāną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₁- (to leave). The verb was defective in Germanic and may only have existed in the present tense.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gān

  1. to go, walk

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gāną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₁- (to leave).

Verb[edit]

gān

  1. to go

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Saterland Frisian: geen (simple past, past participle of gunge)
  • West Frisian: gean

Old Saxon[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gāną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₁- (to leave).

Verb[edit]

gān

  1. to go

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Scots[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Northern Middle English gan, from Old English gān (to go). Past tense supplied by Old English wenden (to wend).

Verb[edit]

gan (third-person singular present gans, present participle gan, past went or wett, past participle been)

  1. to go

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

gan

  1. them (direct object)
    A bheil sibh gan creidsinn?Do you believe them?

Usage notes[edit]

  • Before words beginning with b, f, m or p gam is used instead.

Related terms[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English gun.

Noun[edit]

gan

  1. gun

Turkmen[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *kiān (blood).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gan (definite accusative gany, plural ganlar)

  1. blood

Declension[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *t-kaːn, from Old Chinese (OC *s.kˤa[r]) (SV: can). Cognate with Chut [Rục] təkaːn¹ ("bold").

Displaced native lòm, now only found in the compound đỏ lòm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(classifier ) gan

  1. (anatomy) a liver
  2. (figurative) audacity; gall; balls
    to ganaudacious
    nhát gan / gan thỏ đếchicken

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

Volapük[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gan (nominative plural gans)

  1. (male or female) goose

Declension[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥-teh₂, from *ḱóm.[1] Cognate with Breton gant and Ancient Greek κατά (katá, against; downwards).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

gan (triggers soft mutation)

  1. with
  2. by (authorship)
  3. (North Wales) used with bod to indicate possession
    Mae gen i wallt hir.
    I have long hair.
    (literally, “Long hair is with me.”)
    Synonym: gyda (South Wales)
  4. used with verbal noun to indicate an action simultaneous with that of the main verb, while, whilst
    • 1993, Gareth King, Modern Welsh: A Comprehensive Grammar, London: Routledge, →ISBN, p. 131:
      Aeth o gwmpas y stafell gan ofyn yr un cwestiwn i bawb.
      He went around the room [while] asking everyone the same question.
Usage notes[edit]

See [6] for more information.

Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

gan

  1. Soft mutation of can.

Noun[edit]

gan

  1. Soft mutation of can.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
can gan nghan chan
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “gan”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Wolof[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

gan (definite form gan gi)

  1. stranger
  2. guest