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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
肝-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 月一十 (BMJ), four-corner 71240, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 974, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29273
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1425, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2044, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+809D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːn): semantic  ‎(body) + phonetic  ‎(OC *kaːn) – a kind of body part.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (61)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: gān
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kan/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gān ‹ kan › /*s.kˤa[r]/ liver

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3568 1 /*kaːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) liver   (Classifier: ; )
    也不  ―  Wǒ bù chī dǔ yěbù chī gān.  ―  I can't eat either tripe or liver.
    身體大部分膽固醇消化食物 [MSC, trad.]
    身体大部分胆固醇消化食物 [MSC, simp.]
    Shēntǐ de dàbùfēn dǎngùchún shì zài gān hé cháng nèi yóu xiāohuà de shíwù zhì chéng de. [Pinyin]
    Most of the body's cholesterol is made in the liver and intestine from digested food.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 肝炎 (かんえん, kan'en)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きも, romaji kimo)

  1. the liver
  2. innards

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune-Reischauer kan, Yale kan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(can, gan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.