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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
肝-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(body) + phonetic  – a kind of body part.

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 月一十 (BMJ), four-corner 71240, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 974, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29273
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1425, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2044, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+809D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kan/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gān ‹ kan › /*s.kˤa[r]/ liver

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3568 1 /*kaːn/

Noun[edit]

(classifiers (), ())

  1. liver
    也不 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Wǒ bù chī dǔ yěbù chī gān. [Pinyin]
    I can't eat either tripe or liver.
    身體大部分膽固醇消化食物 [MSC, trad.]
    身体大部分胆固醇消化食物 [MSC, simp.]
    Shēntǐ de dàbùfēn dǎngùchún shì zài gān hé cháng nèi yóu xiāohuà de shíwù zhì chéng de. [Pinyin]
    Most of the body's cholesterol is made in the liver and intestine from digested food.

References[edit]

  • “Jukuu”, in Jukuu[1] (in Mandarin/English), accessed 2014-03-19

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 肝炎 (かんえん, kan'en)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きも, romaji kimo)

  1. the liver
  2. innards

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune-Reischauer kan, Yale kan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(can, gan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.