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See also:
U+5978, 奸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5978

[U+5977]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5979]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 女一十 (VMJ), four-corner 41440, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 255, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6045
  • Dae Jaweon: page 518, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1025, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5978

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.
姦: “evil; to commit adultery; to rape”

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːn): semantic + phonetic (OC *kaːn).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: gān - Mainland, used in the sense “to offend”.
Note:
  • 1ke - vernacular;
  • 1ji - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kan/
Li
Rong
/kɑn/
Wang
Li
/kɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kan ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁa[r]/
English treacherous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3571
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to offend; to conflict
  2. to stage an armed rebellion or steal
  3. evil; wicked; treacherous
  4. self-seeking; wily
  5. evildoer; treacherous person
  6. traitor; betrayer
  7. to commit adultery
  8. to rape
    •   ―  qiángjiān  ―  to rape

Antonyms[edit]

  • (evil): (, “righteous; justice”)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Kanji in this term
かん
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (kan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(かん) (kan-na (adnominal (かん) (kan na), adverbial (かん) (kan ni))

  1. wicked

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(かん) (kan

  1. evil, wickedness
  2. wicked person

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune–Reischauer kan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.