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U+5979, 她
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5979

[U+5978]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+597A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 女心木 (VPD), four-corner 44412, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 255, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6046
  • Dae Jaweon: page 518, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1029, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5979

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (female, woman) + phonetic  (OC *laːlʔ).

Originally a variant of (jiě, “elder sister”). Later repurposed as a feminine third-person pronoun influenced by European languages, with the glyph being the result of replacing the (person) radical in () with (woman). Linguist Liu Bannong is credited with coining this use around the 1910s (Bi, 2013).

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thaⁿ/tha - vernacular;
  • tho - literary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. she, her
      ―  qù le.  ―  She went away.
    認識 / 认识  ―  Wǒ rènshi .  ―  I know her.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Occasionally, () may be used for both genders.

See also[edit]

No major Chinese dialect distinguishes between “he”, “she” and “it” in spoken form, and Mandarin () is the only instance where such a distinction is made in written form. Thus see the table below for words for “she” in other varieties of Chinese.

Dialectal synonyms of (“he”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Harbin
Shenyang
Hailar
Ulan Hot
Tongliao
Chifeng
Baochang
Bayanhot
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Jiedian
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan 他家
Chengdu
Guiyang
Guilin
Liuzhou
Kunming
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Nantong
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Nanning
Wuzhou
Yulin
Hepu
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Luchuan
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Jining
Hohhot
Baotou
Dongsheng
Linhe
Haibowan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Wuqi
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Yilan
Magong
Penang
Singapore
Pingnan
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning
Guilin
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou 俚倷唔倷
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Tangxi 渠儂
Ningbo 渠儂
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi
Quanzhou
Standard Chinese personal pronouns
Person Singular Plural
1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
2nd male/indefinite () 你們你们 (nǐmen)
female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
您們您们 (nínmen)
3rd male/indefinite () 他們他们 (tāmen)
female 她們她们 (tāmen)
deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
inanimate () 它們它们 (tāmen)
  • (, “(feminine) you”)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.