Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+5979, 她
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5979

[U+5978]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+597A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 38, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 女心木 (VPD), four-corner 44412, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 255, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6046
  • Dae Jaweon: page 518, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1029, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5979

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (female, woman) + phonetic  (OC *laːlʔ).

Originally a variant of (jiě, “elder sister”). Later repurposed as a feminine third-person pronoun influenced by European languages, with the glyph being the result of replacing the (person) radical in () with (woman). Linguist Liu Bannong is credited with coining this use around the 1910s (Bi, 2013).

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“elder sister; young lady; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thaⁿ/tha - vernacular;
  • tho - literary.
  • Wu
  • Definitions[edit]

    1. she, her
        ―  qù le.  ―  She went away.
      認識 / 认识  ―  Wǒ rènshi .  ―  I know her.
    Usage notes[edit]
    • Occasionally, () may be used for both genders.

    See also[edit]

    No major Chinese dialect distinguishes between “he”, “she” and “it” in spoken form, and Mandarin () is the only instance where such a distinction is made in written form. Thus see the table below for words for “she” in other varieties of Chinese.

    Dialectal synonyms of (“he”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Harbin
    Shenyang
    Hailar
    Ulan Hot
    Tongliao
    Chifeng
    Bayanhot
    Jinan
    Muping
    Luoyang
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Xining
    Xuzhou
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan 他家
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Guilin
    Liuzhou
    Kunming
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Nantong
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Shunde
    Zhongshan
    Dongguan
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Taishan
    Kaiping
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Xingning
    Huidong
    Qujiang
    Xiaosanjiang
    Luchuan
    Changting
    Pingyu
    Wuping
    Liancheng
    Ninghua
    Yudu
    Ruijin
    Shicheng
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Sabah
    Senai
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan
    Xinzhou
    Baochang
    Jining
    Hohhot
    Baotou
    Dongsheng
    Linhe
    Haibowan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Fuqing
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Wuqi
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang
    Yilan
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore
    Pingnan
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Xianyou
    Pinghua Nanning
    Guilin
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou 俚倷唔倷
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou
    Chongming
    Danyang
    Jinhua
    Tangxi 渠儂
    Ningbo 渠儂
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Loudi
    Quanzhou
    Standard Chinese personal pronouns
    Person Singular Plural
    1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
    inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
    2nd male/indefinite () 你們你们 (nǐmen)
    female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
    deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
    polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
    您們您们 (nínmen)
    3rd male/indefinite () 他們他们 (tāmen)
    female () 她們她们 (tāmen)
    deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
    animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
    inanimate () 它們它们 (tāmen)
    • (, “(feminine) you”)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): (chi), (ji), しゃ (sha), (ta), (i)
    • Kun: あざる (azaru)

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tha)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.