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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
她-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(female, woman) + phonetic . Originally a variant of ("elder sister"), later repurposed as a feminine third-person pronoun influenced by European languages. Linguist Liu Bannong is credited with coining this use around 1910s.[1].

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 女心木 (VPD), four-corner 44412, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 255, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6046
  • Dae Jaweon: page 518, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1029, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5979
  1. ^ Bi Xinwei (畢新偉), 2013, 「她」字的來源與女性主體性——評《「她」字的文化史》(The Origins of "She" and Female Subjectivity: A Review of «The Cultural History of "She"»), 二十一世紀, p. 139

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Pronoun[edit]

  1. she, her
      ―  qù le.  ―  She went away.
    認識 / 认识  ―  Wǒ rènshi .  ―  I know her.
    :「同居女人果子。」 [MSC, trad.]
    :“同居女人果子。” [MSC, simp.]
    From: 新標點和合本 (Chinese Union Version with New Punctuation), 創世記 (Genesis) 3:12
    Nà rén shuō: "Nǐ suǒ cì gěi wǒ, yǔ wǒ tóngjū de nǚrén, bǎ nà shù shàng de guǒzi gěi wǒ, wǒ jiù chī le." [Pinyin]
    And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Occasionally, () may be used for both genders.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Standard Chinese personal pronouns
Person Singular Plural
1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
2nd male/indefinite () 你們你们 (nǐmen)
female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
您們您们 (nínmen)
3rd male/indefinite () 他們他们 (tāmen)
female 她們她们 (tāmen)
deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
inanimate () 它們它们 (tāmen)
  • (Classical Chinese, gender and number neutral - he, she, it, they) ()
  • (Min Nan, Wu, gender neutral - he, she, it) ()
  • (Cantonese, gender neutral - he, she, it) (), ()
  • () he, him
  • () it
  • () he (deity)
  • () it (animal)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tha)

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