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U+6A39, 樹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6A39

[U+6A38]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6A3A]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木土廿戈 (DGTI), four-corner 44900, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 551, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15496
  • Dae Jaweon: page 940, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1287, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6A39

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𣗬 Min

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tos
*do
*do
*do
*do
*djoʔ, *djos
*tjos, *djos
*djos

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djoʔ, *djos): semantic (wood) + phonetic (OC *djos).

Etymology[edit]

Area word (Schuessler, 2007): Mizo tuh(to plant, to sow), Khmer ដុះ(dŏh, to grow, to bud). Starostin compares it with Tibetan གདོས(gdos), གདོས་པ(gdos pa, mast) and Burmese ထူ(htu, to erect (a post), to raise (a flag)).

Related to (OC *djoʔ, “to erect; to make vertical”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chéu - colloquial;
  • sê̤ṳ - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂu⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂu⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂu⁵³/
/su⁵³/
Jinan /ʂu²¹/
Qingdao /ʃu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂu³¹²/
Xi'an /fu⁴⁴/
Xining /fv̩²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʂu¹³/
Lanzhou /fu¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂu²¹³/
/fu²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕy³⁵/
Chengdu /su¹³/
Guiyang /su²¹³/
Kunming /ʂu²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂu⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʂu⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /su⁴⁵/
Pingyao /sz̩ʷ³⁵/
Hohhot /su⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
Suzhou /zz̩ʷ³¹/
Hangzhou /zz̩ʷ¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /ɕy²²/
Tunxi /ɕy¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕy⁵⁵/
/ɕy¹¹/
Xiangtan /ɕy²¹/
Gan Nanchang /ɕy²¹/
Hakka Meixian /su⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʃu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sy²²/
Nanning /sy²²/
Hong Kong /sy²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su²²/
/t͡sʰiu²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰieu²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy⁴⁴/
/t͡sʰiu⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /su³⁵/
/t͡sʰiu³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si³⁵/
/su³⁵/
/siu²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (25) (25)
Final () (24) (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨoX/ /d͡ʑɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑioX/ /d͡ʑioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑioX/ /d͡ʑioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑuə̆X/ /d͡ʑuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ʑioX/ /ʑioH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭuX/ /ʑĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯uX/ /ʑi̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shù shù
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shù shù
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyuX › ‹ dzyuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-toʔ/ /*m-toʔ-s/
English plant (v.); place upright tree

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 17645 17648
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djoʔ/ /*djos/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to plant; to place upright; to cultivate
  2. to set up; to establish
  3. tree   (Classifier: m; c; mn; h)
  4. plant
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. tree; plant

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ki)

  1. Alternative form of

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いつき, romaji Itsuki)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana たつき, romaji Tatsuki)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(su) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thụ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.