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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *baː, *pʰroːɡ, *poːɡ, *boːɡ): semantic  ‎(wood) + phonetic  ‎(OC *boːɡ, *puɡ)

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木廿金人 (DTCO), four-corner 42934, composition)

  1. simple, honest
  2. plain
  3. rough

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 551, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15495
  • Dae Jaweon: page 940, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1291, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6A38

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: (3)
Final: (23)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: pú
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/buo/ /buo/ /bo/ /bɔ/ /bo/ /bu/ /bʱuo/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: (3)
Final: (3)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bú
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/buk̚/ /buk̚/ /buk̚/ /bəwk̚/ /buk̚/ /buk̚/ /bʱuk̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: (1)
Final: (3)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/puk̚/ /puk̚/ /puk̚/ /pəwk̚/ /puk̚/ /puk̚/ /puk̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: (2)
Final: (10)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: po
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰɣʌk̚/ /pʰɯɔk̚/ /pʰɔk̚/ /pʰaɨwk̚/ /pʰɔk̚/ /pʰɔk̚/ /pʰɔk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ phæwk › /*pʰˤrok/ unworked wood

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9879 0 /*baː/
9881 0 /*pʰroːɡ/
9885 0 /*poːɡ/
9894 0 /*boːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

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References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bok, bak) (hangeul , , revised bok, bak, McCune-Reischauer pok, pak, Yale pok, pak)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phác, bốc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.