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U+8584, 薄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8584

[U+8583]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8585]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +13, 16 (Japan, Mainland), 17 (Hong Kong, Taiwan) strokes, cangjie input 廿水戈戈 (TEII), four-corner 44146, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1060, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1523, character 40
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3307, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8584

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *baːɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *pʰaːʔ, *paːɡ).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ba (thin; flat) (STEDT). Cognate with Burmese ပါး (pa:, thin), Jingpho pha (pha³¹, thin).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • bó - literary (“weak, poor, stingy”);
  • báo - vernacular (“thin”);
  • bò - only used in 薄荷.
  • (Dungan)
    (Note: Dungan pronunciation is currently experimental and may be inaccurate.)
  • Cantonese
  • Note: bik1 - common (but possibly erroneous) pronunciation for “to approach”.
    Note:
    • po̍h - vernacular, surname;
    • po̍k - literary.
    Note:
    • bêg4 - “to approach”;
    • bo7 - only used in 薄荷.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (104)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bwɑk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷɑk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /buɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bwak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /buɑk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /buɑk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱwɑk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[b]ˁak/
    English thin

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3487
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*baːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. thin; slight; weak
    2. poor; stingy
    3. Alternative form of (, “capital of Yin”).
    4. to approach
      西山  ―  xīshān  ―  to approach death
    5. A surname​.
    Antonyms[edit]
    • (hòu, “thick”)
    See also[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 薄荷 (bòhe, “mint”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 蓾薄.

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. thin, weak, sparse
    2. dilute
    3. weak (tea)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • New Nelson: 5225
    • Halpern: 2370
    • Halpern Learners: 1534
    • Heisig: 227
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 3k13.11
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ススキ) (susuki

    1. Miscanthus sinensis a.k.a. Zebra Grass

    Proper noun[edit]

    (すすき) (Susuki

    1. A female given name.

    Prefix[edit]

    (うす) (usu-

    1. light (pink etc.)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (bak) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (bạc)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.