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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹水口 (HER), four-corner 27604, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

各 (Old Chinese *klaag, by Zhengzhang Shangfang) is frequently used to demonstrate the presence of consonant cluster initials in Old Chinese.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 174, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3281
  • Dae Jaweon: page 387, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 583, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5404

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
各-oracle.svg 各-bronze.svg 各-silk.svg 各-bigseal.svg 各-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(sole of foot) +  – to come, to enter; original form of 𢓜 and (OC *klaːɡ, *kraːɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /kɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /kɤ⁵³/
Jinan /kə²¹/
Qingdao /kuə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kɤ²⁴/
Xi'an /kɤ²¹/
Xining /kɔ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kə¹³/
Lanzhou /kə¹³/
Ürümqi /kɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /kuo³⁵/
Chengdu /ko³¹/
Guiyang /ko²¹/
Kunming /ko³¹/
Nanjing /koʔ⁵/
Hefei /kɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kaʔ²/
Pingyao /kʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /koʔ⁵/
Suzhou /loʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /koʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ko²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ko⁵/
/kʰo⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ko²⁴/
Xiangtan /ko²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kok̚¹/
Taoyuan /kok̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔk̚³/
Nanning /kɔk̚³³/
Hong Kong /kɔk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔk̚³²/
/koʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ko³³/ ~自
/ko⁵⁵/ ~個

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kak̚/
Li
Rong
/kɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/kɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kak ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤak/
English each

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3881
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*klaːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. each; every (determiner)
    Synonyms: (měi)
    /   ―  zhǒngyàng  ―  all sorts
      ―  wèi  ―  everyone present; you all; everybody
  2. each (adverb)
    /   ―  jìnqízé  ―  each fulfils his/her responsibilities

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

See also 各-

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. each
  2. every
  3. either

Readings[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gak) (hangeul , revised gak, McCune-Reischauer kak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(các, cắc, gạc, gật, gác)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.