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See also:
U+5404, 各
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5404

[U+5403]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5405]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹水口 (HER), four-corner 27604, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

各 (Old Chinese *klaag, by Zhengzhang Shangfang) is frequently used to demonstrate the presence of consonant cluster initials in Old Chinese.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 174, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3281
  • Dae Jaweon: page 387, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 583, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5404

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
各-oracle.svg 各-bronze.svg 各-silk.svg 各-seal.svg 各-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰraːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 *ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
*klaːɡ
*kʰlaːɡ
*kʰaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡ·raɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (sole of foot) +  – to come, to enter; original form of 𢓜 and (OC *klaːɡ, *kraːɡ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • koh - vernacular;
  • kok - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kɤ⁵¹/
    Harbin /kɤ⁵³/
    Tianjin /kɤ⁵³/
    Jinan /kə²¹/
    Qingdao /kuə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /kɤ²⁴/
    Xi'an /kɤ²¹/
    Xining /kɔ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kə¹³/
    Lanzhou /kə¹³/
    Ürümqi /kɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /kuo³⁵/
    Chengdu /ko³¹/
    Guiyang /ko²¹/
    Kunming /ko³¹/
    Nanjing /koʔ⁵/
    Hefei /kɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /kaʔ²/
    Pingyao /kʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /kaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /koʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /loʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /koʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ko²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /kɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /ko⁵/
    /kʰo⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ko²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ko²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /kɔʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kok̚¹/
    Taoyuan /kok̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔk̚³/
    Nanning /kɔk̚³³/
    Hong Kong /kɔk̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔk̚³²/
    /koʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɔʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kak̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ko³³/ ~自
    /ko⁵⁵/ ~個

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (103)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɑk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɑk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɑk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɑk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɑk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ge
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˤak/
    English each

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3881
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*klaːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. each; every (determiner)
      Synonyms: (měi)
      /   ―  zhǒngyàng  ―  all sorts
        ―  wèi  ―  everyone present; you all; everybody
    2. each (adverb)
      /   ―  jìnqízé  ―  each fulfils his/her responsibilities

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (dialectal, derogatory) sticking out; odd; unusual
    2. Used in 自各兒自各儿.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. each
    2. every
    3. either

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana おのおの, rōmaji onoono)

    1. Alternative form of 各々

    Pronoun[edit]

    (hiragana おのおの, rōmaji onoono)

    1. Alternative form of 各々

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Prefix[edit]

    (hiragana かく, rōmaji kaku-)

    1. each

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gak)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gak, McCune–Reischauer: kak)
      • Name (hangeul): 각각
    1. Each

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (các, cắc, gạc, gật, gác)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.