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See also:
U+5404, 各
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5404

[U+5403]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5405]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹水口 (HER), four-corner 27604, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

各 (Old Chinese *klaag, by Zhengzhang Shangfang) is frequently used to demonstrate the presence of consonant cluster initials in Old Chinese.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 174, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3281
  • Dae Jaweon: page 387, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 583, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5404

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
各-oracle.svg 各-bronze.svg 各-silk.svg 各-bigseal.svg 各-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʰraːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
klaːɡ
kʰlaːɡ
kʰaːɡ
ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
ɡlaːɡ
ɡlaːɡ
ɡ·raɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ɡraːɡ
ɡraːɡ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (sole of foot) +  – to come, to enter; original form of 𢓜 and (OC *klaːɡ, *kraːɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: gě - only in 自各兒.
Note:
  • koh - vernacular;
  • kok - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /kɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /kɤ⁵³/
Jinan /kə²¹/
Qingdao /kuə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kɤ²⁴/
Xi'an /kɤ²¹/
Xining /kɔ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kə¹³/
Lanzhou /kə¹³/
Ürümqi /kɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /kuo³⁵/
Chengdu /ko³¹/
Guiyang /ko²¹/
Kunming /ko³¹/
Nanjing /koʔ⁵/
Hefei /kɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kaʔ²/
Pingyao /kʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /koʔ⁵/
Suzhou /loʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /koʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ko²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ko⁵/
/kʰo⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ko²⁴/
Xiangtan /ko²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kok̚¹/
Taoyuan /kok̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔk̚³/
Nanning /kɔk̚³³/
Hong Kong /kɔk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔk̚³²/
/koʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ko³³/ ~自
/ko⁵⁵/ ~個

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kak̚/
Li
Rong
/kɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/kɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kak ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤak/
English each

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3881
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*klaːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. each; every (determiner)
    Synonyms: (měi)
    /   ―  zhǒngyàng  ―  all sorts
      ―  wèi  ―  everyone present; you all; everybody
  2. each (adverb)
    /   ―  jìnqízé  ―  each fulfils his/her responsibilities

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. each
  2. every
  3. either

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おのおの, rōmaji onoono)

  1. Alternative form of 各々

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana おのおの, rōmaji onoono)

  1. Alternative form of 各々

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana かく, rōmaji kaku-)

  1. each

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gak) (hangeul , revised gak, McCune-Reischauer kak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(các, cắc, gạc, gật, gác)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.