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U+8DEF, 路
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8DEF

[U+8DEE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8DF0]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
路-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 157 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 口一竹水口 (RMHER), four-corner 67164, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1225, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37524
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1697, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3704, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8DEF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
路-bronze.svg 路-silk.svg 路-bigseal.svg 路-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰraːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 *ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
*klaːɡ
*kʰlaːɡ
*kʰaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡ·raɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raːɡs): semantic  + phonetic (OC *klaːɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • diô - colloquial;
  • lô - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/luoH/
Shao
Rongfen
/loH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɔH/
Li
Rong
/loH/
Wang
Li
/luH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luoH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3856
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·raːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. road, path, street   (Classifier: )
  2. pattern, arrangement
  3. way, method
  4. journey
  5. route
  6. kind, type
  7. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.[1] May be cognate with Korean (gil, “road”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -chi)

  1. (obsolete) attaches to place names, indicating a road to that place
    This usage has generally been replaced by -ji below.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Derived as a sound shift from chi above.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ji)

  1. a road, a street
     (やま) () (なが) ()
    yama-ji, naga-ji
    a mountain road, a long road
  2. attaches to place names, indicating a road to that place
    奈良 (なら) ()
    Nara-ji
    Road to Nara
  3. attaches to a time duration, indicating a trip taking that length of time
    四日 (よっか) ()
    yokka-ji
    a trip of four days, a four-day-long trip

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
みち
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Originally a compound of (mi, honorific prefix) +‎ (chi, road, street, way).[1] The prefix mi was in reference to the (kami, god or spirit) of roads.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みち, romaji michi)

  1. a way, a street, a road, an alley, a path, a pass for local traffic
  2. a way of doing something

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ro>no) (hangeul >, revised ro>no, McCune-Reischauer ro>no, Yale lo>no)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lộ, lọ, lồ, lựa, trọ, trò, lần)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.