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U+8DEF, 路
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8DEF

[U+8DEE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8DF0]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
13 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 157, +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 口一竹水口 (RMHER), four-corner 67164, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1225, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37524
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1697, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3704, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8DEF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:
路姓 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Lu (surname 路) (English)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
路-bronze.svg 路-silk.svg 路-seal.svg 路-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰraːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 *ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
*klaːɡ
*kʰlaːɡ
*kʰaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡ·raɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raːɡs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *klaːɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • diô - colloquial;
  • lô - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /luoH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /luoH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /loH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɔH/
    Li
    Rong
    /loH/
    Wang
    Li
    /luH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /luoH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ luH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.rˁak-s/
    English road

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3856
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡ·raːɡs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. road; path; street (Classifier: )
    2. pattern; arrangement
    3. way; method
    4. journey
    5. route
    6. kind; type
    7. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.[1] May be cognate with Korean (gil, “road”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji -chi)

    1. (obsolete) attaches to place names, indicating a road to that place
      This usage has generally been replaced by -ji below.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    Contraction of the michi reading. [2]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji -ji)

    1. a road, a street
       (やま) () (なが) ()
      yama-ji, naga-ji
      a mountain road, a long road
    2. attaches to place names, indicating a road to that place
       () () ()
      Nara-ji
      Road to Nara
    3. attaches to a time duration, indicating a trip taking that length of time
       (よっ) () ()
      yokka-ji
      a trip of four days, a four-day-long trip

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    みち
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    Originally a compound of (mi, honorific prefix) +‎ (chi, road, street, way).[1] The prefix mi was in reference to the (kami, god or spirit) of roads.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana みち, rōmaji michi)

    1. a way, a street, a road, an alley, a path, a pass for local traffic
    2. a way of doing something

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ Frellesvig, Bjarke (2010) A History of the Japanese Language, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 43
    3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ro>no) (hangeul >, revised ro>no, McCune–Reischauer ro>no, Yale lo>no)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (lộ, lọ, lồ, lựa, trọ, trò, lần)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.