Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+8DEF, 路
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8DEF

[U+8DEE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8DF0]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
13 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 157 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 口一竹水口 (RMHER), four-corner 67164, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1225, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37524
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1697, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3704, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8DEF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
路-bronze.svg 路-silk.svg 路-bigseal.svg 路-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʰraːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
klaːɡ
kʰlaːɡ
kʰaːɡ
ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
ɡlaːɡ
ɡlaːɡ
ɡ·raɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ɡraːɡ
ɡraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raːɡs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *klaːɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • diô - colloquial;
  • lô - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/luoH/
Shao
Rongfen
/loH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɔH/
Li
Rong
/loH/
Wang
Li
/luH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luoH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3856
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·raːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. road; path; street (Classifier: )
  2. pattern; arrangement
  3. way; method
  4. journey
  5. route
  6. kind; type
  7. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.[1] May be cognate with Korean (gil, “road”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji -chi)

  1. (obsolete) attaches to place names, indicating a road to that place
    This usage has generally been replaced by -ji below.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Derived as a sound shift from chi above.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji -ji)

  1. a road, a street
     (やま) () (なが) ()
    yama-ji, naga-ji
    a mountain road, a long road
  2. attaches to place names, indicating a road to that place
     () () ()
    Nara-ji
    Road to Nara
  3. attaches to a time duration, indicating a trip taking that length of time
     (よっ) () ()
    yokka-ji
    a trip of four days, a four-day-long trip

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
みち
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Originally a compound of (mi, honorific prefix) +‎ (chi, road, street, way).[1] The prefix mi was in reference to the (kami, god or spirit) of roads.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みち, rōmaji michi)

  1. a way, a street, a road, an alley, a path, a pass for local traffic
  2. a way of doing something

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ro>no) (hangeul >, revised ro>no, McCune-Reischauer ro>no, Yale lo>no)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lộ, lọ, lồ, lựa, trọ, trò, lần)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.