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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
多-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • 𡖈 (based on the oracle bone script form of the character)

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
多-oracle.svg 多-bronze.svg 多-bigseal.svg 多-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – two pieces of meat (); the ⺼ components have been simplified to .

The conventional explanation is that this represented the concept of "many" through visual repetition. However, the earliest oracle bones use 多 for both "many" and another word meaning "to separate," thus suggesting that 多 depicts a piece of meat cut in two. The word "to separate" was later written as .

Han character[edit]

(radical 36 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈弓戈 (NINI), four-corner 27207, composition夕)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 246, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5756
  • Dae Jaweon: page 489, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 862, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+591A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (5)
Final: (94)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: duō
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑ/ /tɑ/ /tɑ/ /ta/ /tɑ/ /tɑ/ /tɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
duō ‹ ta › /*[t.l]ˤaj/ many

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2637 1 /*ʔl'aːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) many, much, a lot of, numerous
    街上  ―  Jiēshàng yǒu hěn duō rén.  ―  There is a lot of people in the street
  2. (after an amount) over, and more, more than
    /   ―  liǎng ge nián duō  ―  more than two years
  3. (used in comparison structure 得多 / 多了) much more, a lot more, far more
      ―  Tā bǐ wǒ gāo de duō.  ―  He is a lot taller than I am.
    病人今天  ―  Bìngrén jīntiān hǎo duō le.  ―  The patient is much better today.
  4. (before or after a verb) more
    應該運動 / 应该运动  ―  Wǒ yìnggāi duō yùndòng.  ―  I should exercise more.
  5. (used in question) how, how much, what
    學校距離 [MSC, trad.]
    学校距离 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ dào xuéxiào yào zǒu duō yuǎn de jùlí? [Pinyin]
    What distance do you have to walk to school ?
      ―  duō gāo?  ―  How tall are you?
  6. (emphasis in exclamations) so, how, what
    漂亮  ―  Kàn tā duō piàoliàng a!  ―  Look how pretty she is!
    帽子可愛 / 帽子可爱  ―  Tā dài de màozǐ duō kě'ài ya!  ―  What an adorable hat she is wearing! / The hat she is wearing is so adorable
  7. to have a lot
  8. to have more, to have too much, to have too many
    /   ―  Tā mǎi le sì zhāng piào, duō le yī zhāng.  ―  He bought four tickets, which was one too many.

Antonyms[edit]

  • (shǎo, “few”)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (over, more than): When the number is smaller or equal to 10, 多 can be put after the measure word.If it is bigger than ten, 多 has to be put before the measure word:
  • (more): Placing 多 after the verb is correct but it is less natural than placing it before.
  • (so, how): pronounced "duó" in Taiwan.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • “Expressing much more in comparisons”, in Chinese Grammar Wiki[1], accessed 2014-05-02
  • “Doing something more with "duo"”, in Chinese Grammar Wiki[2], accessed 2014-05-02

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. many, much

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(da) (hangeul , revised da, McCune-Reischauer ta)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đa, nhật)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.