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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
林-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

(wood) is repeated twice to give the idea of multiple trees (compare , 𣓏, 𣛧, 𣡕, 𣡽), thus a forest.

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木木 (DD), four-corner 44990, composition木)

Derived characters[edit]

  • (in Japanese shinjitai)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 516, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14551
  • Dae Jaweon: page 903, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1164, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6797

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /lin³⁵/
Harbin /lin²⁴/
Tianjin /lin⁴⁵/
Jinan /liẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /liə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /lin⁴²/
Xi'an /liẽ²⁴/
Xining /liə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /liŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /lĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /liŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nin²¹³/
Chengdu /nin³¹/
Guiyang /nin²¹/
Kunming /lĩ¹/
Nanjing /lin²⁴/
Hefei /lin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /liəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /liŋ¹³/
Hohhot /lĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /liŋ¹³/
Suzhou /lin¹³/
Hangzhou /lin²¹³/
Wenzhou /leŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /liʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /lin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /lin¹³/
Xiangtan /nin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /lin⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lim¹¹/
Taoyuan /lim¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lɐm²¹/
Nanning /lɐm²¹/
Hong Kong /lɐm²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lim³⁵/
/na³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /liŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /leiŋ³³/
/laŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lim⁵⁵/
/nã⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lim³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liɪm/ /li̯əm/ /liəm/ /lim/ /lim/ /lĭĕm/ /ljem/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lín ‹ lim › /*[r]əm/ forest

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8165 1 /*ɡ·rɯm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. forest, grove, woods
  2. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. woods; grove; forest; copse

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はやし, romaji hayashi)

  1. woods

Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はやし, romaji Hayashi)

  1. A surname​.
  2. A female given name

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana りん, romaji Rin)

  1. A surname​.
  2. (rare) A female given name

Usage notes[edit]

As a surname, this reading is more often used by people of Chinese descent, since it is similar to the Mandarin Chinese reading of Lín.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(rim, im)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: rim, im, McCune-Reischauer: rim, im, Yale: lim, im)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lâm)

  1. Forest
  2. Gathering
  3. Dense

References[edit]