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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
森-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 木木木 (DDD), four-corner 40994, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 534, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14974
  • Dae Jaweon: page 922, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1226, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+68EE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): is composed of (“wood, tree”) repeated three times to suggest a large number (compare ) of trees such as one would find in a forest. Compare (OC *ɡ·rɯm).

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /sən⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂən⁴⁴/
/sən⁴⁴/
Tianjin /sən²¹/
Jinan /ʂẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂə̃²¹²³/
Zhengzhou /ʂən²⁴/
Xi'an /sẽ²¹/
Xining /sə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /səŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʂə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /sɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /sən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /sən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /sen⁵⁵/
Kunming /sə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sən³¹/
Hefei /sən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /səŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /səŋ¹³/
Hohhot /sə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /səŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /sən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sen³³/
Wenzhou /saŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /sʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /san¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /sən³³/
Xiangtan /sən³³/
Gan Nanchang /sɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sem⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sem²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐm⁵³/
Nanning /sɐm⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sɐm⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sim⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /saiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siam³³/
/sim³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sim²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂjim/
Li
Rong
/ʃjəm/
Wang
Li
/ʃĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sēn
Middle
Chinese
‹ srim ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.rəm/
English dense trees

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11003
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*srɯm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. forest
  2. full of trees
  3. in profusion
  4. dark; gloomy; cold
    /   ―  yīnsēn  ―  gloomy
  5. orderly
  6. strict; rigid; rigorous
    /   ―  sēnyán  ―  strict; tight

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. forest; woods

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
もり
Grade: 1
kun'yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana もり, romaji mori)

  1. forest (dense collection of trees)

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana もり, romaji Mori)

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sam)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sam, McCune-Reischauer: sam, Yale: sam)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chùm, dụm, sâm, sum, sùm, xúm, dâm, dúm, râm, xum, xùm, hồng, dũng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]