盛る

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Verb[edit]

盛る (transitive, godan conjugation, hiragana もる, rōmaji moru)

  1. to pile up; to collect into a big heap
     () (もう)では、 (つち) ()って () (ひょう) (つく)る。
    Sumō de wa, tsuchi o motte dohyō o tsukuru.
    In sumo, we make the ring by mounding earth.
  2. to exaggerate
     (はなし) ()
    hanashi o moru
    to heap up the talk → to brag
     () (しょう) ()
    keshō o moru
    to pile on the makeup → to use makeup excessively
  3. to fill something with something, to put something into a container
     (めし) (ちゃ) (わん) ()
    meshi o chawan ni moru
    to fill a bowl with rice
     (きょう) (どう) (せん) (げん) (へい) ()への決意 (けつい) ()
    Kyōdōsengen ni heiwa e no ketsui o moru.
    [We] fill the joint declaration with the determination to make peace → The determination to make peace is made with the signing of the joint declaration.
  4. to administer drugs to, especially to poison
     (かれ)睡眠薬 (すいみんやく) ()られた
    Kare wa suimin'yaku o morareta.
    He was filled with sleeping pills → He was drugged to sleep.
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
さか
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Attested since at least 1673.[1][2]

Cognate with 栄える (sakaeru, to flourish, to thrive) and 栄す, 盛す (sakasu, to make something lively), ultimately deriving from 咲く (saku, to bloom).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

盛る (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana さかる, rōmaji sakaru)

  1. to become frisky, to flourish
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN