sem

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See also: SEM, Sem, sém, sèm, sem-, and семь

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sem (plural sems)

  1. Clipping of seminary.
  2. Clipping of semester.
  3. Clipping of semicolon.

Anagrams[edit]


Bahnar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bahnaric *ceː₂m, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *cim ~ *ciim ~ *ciəm ~ *caim ~ *cum (bird).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sem 

  1. bird

Chinese[edit]

semester
simp. and trad.
(sem)
sem
alternative forms Sem

Etymology[edit]

Clipping of English semester.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

sem

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, colloquial) semester (Classifier: c)
    終於sem / 终于sem [Cantonese]  ―  zung1 jyu1 jyun4 sem laa3. [Jyutping]  ―  My semester has finally ended.

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Czech sěmo, from Proto-Slavic *sěmo

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adverb[edit]

sem

  1. hither (to here)

Eskayan[edit]

Numeral[edit]

sem

  1. nine

Hungarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

sem (clitic)

  1. …, neither (or not…, either)
    Julit sem láttam.I didn’t see Juli, either. [aside from not having seen another person]
    Én sem láttam Julit.I didn’t see Juli, either. [aside from other people who haven't seen her]
  2. not even
    Meg sem próbálta.S/he didn’t even try it.

Conjunction[edit]

sem (paired)

  1. neithernor
    Sem te, sem ő nem jöhettek velem.Neither you nor s/he can come with me.

Usage notes[edit]

The word sem and nincs, nincsen (it/there isn't) are contracted into the forms sincs, sincsen (it/there isn't, either).

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words
Expressions

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sem in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse sem (as, like), possibly from Proto-Germanic *samaz (same, alike).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sɛːm/
  • Rhymes: -ɛːm
  • (before words beginning with a consonant) IPA(key): /sɛm/

Conjunction[edit]

sem

  1. (with a noun phrase) as, like
    Hann var sem guð meðal manna.
    He was like a god amongst men.
    Hár hennar var hvítt sem snjór.
    Her hair was white as snow.
    Hann er sem nýr.
    He is as [good as] new.
    Vista sem
    Save as
  2. (with a clause) like, as if
    Svo virðist sem sjúkdómurinn sé arfgengur
    Is seems as though the disease is hereditary.
  3. (relative, with a clause) who, which, that
    Þetta er maðurinn sem ég hitti í gær.
    That’s the man that I met yesterday.
    Þetta er konan sem barði mig.
    That’s the woman who hit me.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

sem (weak)

  1. first-person singular present indicative of semja
  2. second-person singular imperative of semja

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

sem

  1. Alternative form of seem (seam)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

sem

  1. Alternative form of seem (load)

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Germanic *samaz (same, alike).

Alternative forms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

sem

  1. as, the same, like
Descendants[edit]
  • Icelandic: sem
  • Faroese: sum (from East Nordic)
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: (dialectal) sem, se
  • Old Swedish: sum, som
  • Danish: som
    • Norwegian Bokmål: som

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

sem

  1. inflection of semja:
    1. first-person singular active present indicative
    2. second-person singular active imperative

References[edit]

  • sem”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Tupi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sem

  1. to exit; to leave; to get out
    Asem 'y suí.
    I got out of the water.

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese sen, from Latin sine, from Proto-Indo-European *sene.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • IPA(key): (Lisbon) /ˈsɐ̃j̃/, [ˈsɐ̃ɪ̯̃]
  • IPA(key): (Central Portugal) /ˈsẽj̃/, [ˈsẽɪ̯̃]

Preposition[edit]

sem

  1. -less; without (not having, containing, characteristic of, etc.)
    Um livro sem capa.
    A book without a cover.
    Casa sem janelas.
    Windowless house.
  2. (followed by infinitive) without (not doing or not having done something)
    Ele gosta de comer tudo sem dividir.
    He likes to eat everything without sharing.
    Ele atirou sem avisar ninguém.
    He shot without warning anyone.

Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:sem.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (not having, containing, characteristic of, etc.): com
  • (not doing or having done something): use gerund (-ando, -endo, -indo)

Derived terms[edit]


Romani[edit]

Verb[edit]

sem

  1. first-person singular present indicative of si

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sěmo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

sem

  1. hither, over here (to here)

Verb[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *esmь.

sə̏m

  1. first-person singular present of bíti

Further reading[edit]

  • sem”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English same

Adjective[edit]

sem

  1. same
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse sem (as, like), possibly from Proto-Germanic *samaz (same, alike).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

sem

  1. (with a noun phrase) as, like
    Hare hans jer vist na sem dett.
    His hair was apparently similar to yours.
  2. (with a clause) like, as if
  3. (relative, with a clause) who, which, that
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From sema (to swim).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sem

  1. able to swim
Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sem m (definite singular semen)

  1. way of swimming
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

sem

  1. singular present indicative of sema
  2. singular present imperative of sema

Zou[edit]

Noun[edit]

sem

  1. hair

References[edit]