osem

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Slovak[edit]

Slovak numbers (edit)
80
 ←  7 8 9  → 
    Cardinal: osem
    Ordinal: ôsmy
    Adverbial: osem ráz
    Collective: osmoro
    Qualitative: osmoraký

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *osmь, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

osem

  1. eight

Declension[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • osem”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene[edit]

Slovene numbers (edit)
80
 ←  7 8 9  → 
    Cardinal: osem
    Cardinal prefix: osem-
    Ordinal: osmi
    Ordinal prefix: osmo-
    Number: osem
    Digit: osemka
    Digit place: osmica
    Adverbial: osmič
    Krat adverbial: osmikrat
    Multiplier: osmeren
    Krat multiplier: osemkrat
    Fixed multiplier: osemkraten
    Adverbial multiplier: osmerno
    Multiplier verb: poosmeriti
    Multiplier prefix: osmern-
    Krat multiplier prefix: osemkratn-
    Krat adverbial multiplier: osemkratno
    Collective: osmero
    Separable collective: osmer
    Greek or Latinate collective: oktada
    Greek collective prefix: okto-, okta-
    Latinate collective prefix: okto-
    Fractional: osmina
    Latinate fractional prefix: oktant-
    Fractional multiplier: osminski
    Elemental: osmerica
    Number of musicians: oktet

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *osmь, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *aśtō, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ọ́səm

  1. eight

Declension[edit]

First declension (hard), fixed accent, fill vowel ə
masculine, feminine and neuter following adjectives and nouns
nom pl ọ́səm + genitive
plural
masculine, feminine and neuter following adjectives and nouns
nominative
imenovȃlnik
ọ́səm + genitive
genitive
rodȋlnik
ósmih + genitive
dative
dajȃlnik
ósmim + dative
accusative
tožȋlnik
ọ́səm + genitive
locative
mẹ̑stnik
ósmih + locative
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
ósmimi + instrumental
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
ọ̑səm + circumflex genitive
  • less common
Second declension (no endings), fixed accent
masculine, feminine and neuter following adjectives and nouns
nom pl ọ́səm + genitive
plural
masculine, feminine and neuter following adjectives and nouns
nominative
imenovȃlnik
ọ́səm + genitive
genitive
rodȋlnik
ọ́səm + genitive
dative
dajȃlnik
ọ́səm + dative
accusative
tožȋlnik
ọ́səm + genitive
locative
mẹ̑stnik
ọ́səm + locative
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
ọ́səm + instrumental
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
ọ̑səm + circumflex genitive

Noun[edit]

ọ́səm n

  1. number eight

Declension[edit]

Third neuter declension (no endings), fixed accent (singularia tantum)
nom. sing. ọ́səm
gen. sing. ọ́səm
singular
nominative
imenovȃlnik
ọ́səm
genitive
rodȋlnik
ọ́səm
dative
dajȃlnik
ọ́səm
accusative
tožȋlnik
ọ́səm
locative
mẹ̑stnik
ọ́səm
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
ọ́səm
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
ọ̑səm

To express dual and plural, the phrase število osem 'number eight' is used, e.g. dve števili osem sta napisani, or, informally, also osemka.


Further reading[edit]

  • osem”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran
  • osem”, in Termania, Amebis
  • See also the general references