jeden

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Czech

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Czech numbers (edit)
10
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    Cardinal: jeden
    Ordinal: první
    Adverbial: jedenkrát, jednikrát, jednou
    Repetition adjective: jednonásobný
    Collective: jedny

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈjɛdɛn]
  • Audio:(file)

Etymology 1

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Inherited from Old Czech jeden, from Proto-Slavic *edinъ, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁óynos (one, single).

Numeral

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jeden m (feminine jedna, neuter jedno)

  1. one
    Je mi to jednoIt's no big deal; I don't care
Declension
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Coordinate terms
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Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Participle

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jeden

  1. masculine singular passive participle of jíst

Further reading

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  • jeden”, in Příruční slovník jazyka českého (in Czech), 1935-1957
  • jeden”, in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého (in Czech), 1960–1971, 1989
  • jeden”, in Internetová jazyková příručka (in Czech)

German

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Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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jeden

  1. inflection of jeder:
    1. strong/mixed accusative masculine singular
    2. mixed genitive/dative all-gender singular

Kashubian

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Kashubian numbers (edit)
10
1 2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: jeden

Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *edinъ.

Pronunciation

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Numeral

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jeden

  1. one

Declension

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Further reading

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  • jeden I”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022
  • jeden II”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011) “jeden”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi[2]

Old Czech

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Old Czech numbers (edit)
10
1 2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: jeden
    Ordinal: prvý, první
    Adverbial: jednú

Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *edinъ, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one, single).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): (13th CE) /ˈjɛdɛn/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /ˈjɛdɛn/

Numeral

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jeden

  1. one

Declension

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Coordinate terms

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Descendants

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  • Czech: jeden

References

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Old Polish

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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    Inherited from Proto-Slavic *edinъ. First attested in the 14th century.

    Pronunciation

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    • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /jɛdɛ(ː)n/
    • IPA(key): (15th CE) /jɛdɛn/, /jɛden/

    Numeral

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    jeden

    1. one
    2. first; one

    Declension

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    This numeral needs an inflection-table template.

    Pronoun

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    jeden

    1. a; some, a certain; one
    2. some man, some guy (undefined male person)
    3. every
      Synonym: każdy
    4. alone
      Synonym: sam
    5. same
      Synonym: sam

    Declension

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    This pronoun needs an inflection-table template.

    Descendants

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    References

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    Polish

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    Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia pl
    Polish numbers (edit)
    10
     ←  0 1 2  →  10  → 
        Cardinal: jeden
        Ordinal: pierwszy
        Adverbial: jednokrotnie, jednokroć, raz
        Multiplier: pojedynczy, jednokrotny
        Distributive: pojedynczo
        Adverbial qualitative: jednorako
        Multiplier qualitative: jednoraki
        Fractional: całość
        Numeral noun: jedynka
        Relational adjective: jedynkowy
        Prefix: jedno-

    Etymology

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      Inherited from Old Polish jeden.

      Pronunciation

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      Numeral

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      jeden

      1. one

      Usage notes

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      • In composite numbers (dwadzieścia jeden, trzydzieści jeden, czterdzieści jeden, etc.), jeden is indeclinable and creates a neuter-singular noun phrase. Thus:
      Było dwudziestu jeden ludzi tam.There were twenty-one people there.
      Zobaczyłem tam dwudziestu jeden ludzi.I saw twenty-one people there.

      Declension

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      Coordinate terms

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      Adjective

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      jeden (not comparable, no derived adverb)

      1. first; one
        Szedł z jednego kąta do drugiego.He was walking from one corner to the other.
      2. same; one
        Mają jeden cel.They have one goal.
      3. a; some, a certain; one
        jakiśpewien
        Mam jednego kota.I have a cat.
      4. denotes something composed of many smaller parts single; one
        jedna całośćsingle whole
      5. denotes a negative opinion to the listener held by the speaker; you!
        Ty byku jeden!You boob!
      6. (colloquial) only, merely denotes speakers disappointment with the small size or amount
        Synonym: jedyny

      Noun

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      jeden m pers (female equivalent jedna)

      1. (colloquial) some man, some guy (undefined male person)

      Declension

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      Noun

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      jeden m animal

      1. (colloquial) glass of vodka

      Declension

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      Derived terms

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      adjectives
      adverb
      nouns
      verbs

      Trivia

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      According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), jeden is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 309 times in scientific texts, 261 times in news, 217 times in essays, 191 times in fiction, and 174 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 1152 times, making it the 34th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

      References

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      1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990) “jeden”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language]‎[1] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków, Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 163

      Further reading

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      • jeden in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
      • jeden in Polish dictionaries at PWN
      • Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “jeden”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
      • JEDEN”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century], 2022 December 5
      • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814) “jeden”, in Słownik języka polskiego
      • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861) “jeden”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861
      • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1902), “jeden”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 2, Warsaw, page 151
      • jeden in Narodowy Fotokorpus Języka Polskiego

      Serbo-Croatian

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      Participle

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      jeden (Cyrillic spelling једен)

      1. masculine singular passive past participle of jesti

      Slovak

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      Slovak numbers (edit)
      10
       ←  0 1 2  →  10  → 
          Cardinal: jeden
          Ordinal: prvý
          Adverbial: raz
          Multiplier: jeden jediný, jednotný
          Qualitative: jednaký

      Etymology

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      Inherited from Proto-Slavic *edinъ, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one, single).

      Pronunciation

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      Numeral

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      jeden m

      1. one (1)

      Declension

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      Coordinate terms

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      Further reading

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      • jeden”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024