sam

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Acronym

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

sam

  1. surface-to-air missile

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English sammen, samnen, from Old English samnian, ġesamnian (to collect, assemble, bring together, gather, join, unite, compose, meet, glean), from Proto-Germanic *samnōną (to gather), from Proto-Indo-European *sem- (one). Cognate with Dutch zamelen (to collect), German sammeln (to collect, gather), Swedish samla (to gather, collect), Icelandic samna (to gather, collect). More at same.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

sam (third-person singular simple present sams, present participle samming, simple past and past participle sammed)

  1. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To assemble.
  2. (transitive, Britain dialectal, of persons) To bring together; join (in marriage, friendship, love, etc.).
  3. (transitive, Britain dialectal, of things) To bring together; collect; put in order; arrange.
  4. (intransitive, Britain dialectal) To assemble; come together.
  5. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To coagulate; curdle (milk).
Usage notes[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English sām (together), from Old English samen (together), from Proto-Germanic *samanai (together), from Proto-Indo-European *sem- (together, one).

Adverb[edit]

sam (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Together

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle English sam- (prefix), from Old English sām- (half-; partly; incompletely), from Proto-Germanic *sēmi- (half), from Proto-Indo-European *sēmi- (half). Related to semi- (via Latin).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sam (not comparable)

  1. (dialectal) Half or imperfectly done.
  2. (of food) Half-heated.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Possibly from Uncle Sam.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sam (plural sams)

  1. (slang) Federal narcotics agent.

Anagrams[edit]


Atong (India)[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bodo-Garo *sam¹ (grass).

Noun[edit]

sam (Bengali script সাম)

  1. grass; weed
  2. medicine

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

sam- (Bengali script সাম)

  1. to wait

Etymology 3[edit]

Classifier[edit]

sam- (Bengali script সাম)

  1. used with any bilateral body part, hands, eyes, etc. and also tires

References[edit]


Charrua[edit]

Numeral[edit]

sam

  1. two

References[edit]

  • El último charrúa: de Salsipuedes a la actualidad (1996)
  • Idioma español y habla criolla: Charrúas y vilelas (1968)
  • Čestmír Loukotka, ‎Johannes Wilbert (editor), Classification of South American Indian Languages (1968, Los Angeles: Latin American Studies Center, University of California), page(s) 62

Chuukese[edit]

Noun[edit]

sam

  1. father

Garo[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bodo-Garo *sam¹ (grass).

Noun[edit]

sam

  1. grass; herb
  2. medicine
  3. curry

Etymology 2[edit]

Classifier[edit]

sam

  1. used with any bilateral body part, hands, eyes, etc.

Further reading[edit]

  • Burling, R. (2003) The Language of the Modhupur Mandi (Garo) Vol. II: The Lexicon[1], Bangladesh: University of Michigan, page 275

Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root
s-w-m

From Arabic صامَ(ṣāma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sam (imperfect jsum)

  1. to fast

Conjugation[edit]

  • The perfect tense is often avoided. It can be replaced by kien + imperfect.

Related terms[edit]


Mizo[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(t)sam.

Noun[edit]

sam

  1. hair (of the head)
  2. antenna (of insects)

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sam

  1. easy, simple

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *samos (summer) (compare Welsh haf), from Proto-Indo-European *sm̥-h₂-ó- (compare Old English sumor, Old Armenian ամառն (amaṙn)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sam m (genitive unattested, no plural)

  1. summer

Inflection[edit]

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative sam
Vocative saim
Accusative samN
Genitive saimL
Dative samL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Synonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
sam ṡam unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Verb[edit]

sam

  1. second-person singular imperative of sama

Phalura[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

sam (Perso-Arabic spelling سم)

  1. equally

References[edit]

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[2], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *samъ, from Proto-Indo-European *somHós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sam (not always comparable, comparative bardziej sam, superlative najbardziej sam)

  1. (comparable) alone, without company
  2. (not comparable) myself, yourself, himself, etc. (emphatic determiner, used similarly to "no other than" or "the very", as in "I myself")
    Przygotowując intrygę przeciwko szefowi, pani Magdalena kazała swojej córce ubrać się skromnie, a sama założyła sukienkę z głębokim dekoltem.
    Preparing the intrigue against the boss, Ms. Magdalena told her daughter to dress modestly, while she herself put on a dress with a deep neckline.
  3. (not comparable) by oneself, alone, by own volition or power, without outside help or encouragement

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sam in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • sam in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Rohingya[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

sam

  1. skin

Romani[edit]

Verb[edit]

sam

  1. first-person plural present indicative of si

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *samъ, from Proto-Indo-European *somHós.

Adjective[edit]

sȃm (definite sȃmī, Cyrillic spelling са̑м)

  1. alone, sole
  2. unaided, single-handed
  3. absolute, very, mere, unmixed
  4. solitary, secluded
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *(j)esmь, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *esmi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésmi.

Verb[edit]

sȁm (Cyrillic spelling са̏м)

  1. first-person singular present tense enclitic form of biti.
    Tu sam. — I'm here.

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *samъ, from Proto-Indo-European *somHós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sȃm (not comparable)

  1. alone, sole
  2. unaided, single-handed, by oneself

Inflection[edit]

Hard
masculine feminine neuter
nom. sing. sám sáma sámo
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative sám ind
sámi def
sáma sámo
accusative nominativeinan or
genitive
anim
sámo sámo
genitive sámega sáme sámega
dative sámemu sámi sámemu
locative sámem sámi sámem
instrumental sámim sámo sámim
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative sáma sámi sámi
accusative sáma sámi sámi
genitive sámih sámih sámih
dative sámima sámima sámima
locative sámih sámih sámih
instrumental sámima sámima sámima
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative sámi sáme sáma
accusative sáme sáme sáma
genitive sámih sámih sámih
dative sámim sámim sámim
locative sámih sámih sámih
instrumental sámimi sámimi sámimi

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sam”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sam

  1. past tense of simma.

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kt₁aam (crab) (Norman & Mei, 1976; mistakenly glossed as "king crab"). However, Shorto (2006) includes no such derivation. Compare Vietnamese đam (field crab).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(classifier con) sam (𧏰, 𧓰)

  1. a horseshoe crab
    đuôi sam
    a horseshoe crab's tail; a braid/plait

Further reading[edit]


Zhuang[edit]

Zhuang cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : sam

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tai *saːm (three), from Middle Chinese (MC sɑm, “three”). Cognate with Thai สาม (sǎam), Northern Thai ᩈᩣ᩠ᨾ, Lao ສາມ (sām), ᦉᦱᧄ (ṡaam), Tai Dam ꪎꪱꪣ, Shan သၢမ် (sǎam), Tai Nüa ᥔᥣᥛᥴ (sáam), Ahom 𑜏𑜪 (sam), Bouyei saaml.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

sam (old orthography sam)

  1. three