myself

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See also: Myself

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English myself, meself, me-self, me sylf, from Old English mē self, mē seolf (myself), equivalent to me (pronoun) + self (pronoun), later partly reinterpreted as my + self (noun). Compare Scots mysel, mysell (myself), West Frisian mysels (myself), Dutch mijzelf (myself), Norwegian Bokmål meg selv (myself).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

myself (reflexive case of I)

  1. (reflexive) Me, as direct or indirect object the speaker as the object of a verb or preposition, when the speaker is also the subject. [from 9th c.]
    I taught myself.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Thinks I to myself, “Sol, you're run off your course again. This is a rich man's summer ‘cottage’ and if you don't look out there's likely to be some nice, lively dog taking an interest in your underpinning.”
  2. Personally, for my part; used in apposition to I, sometimes for simple emphasis and sometimes with implicit exclusion of any others performing the activity described. [from 10th c.]
  3. In my normal state of body or mind.
  4. Me (as the object of a verb or preposition). [from 10th c.]
    I feel like myself.
  5. (archaic) I (as the subject of a verb). [from 14th c.]
  6. (India, Pakistan, nonstandard) my name is...
    Myself John.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Use where I could be used is mostly poetic or archaic, except with a coordinating conjunction, such as and.
  • Garner's Modern American Usage (2009) reports opposition to the intensifier use, especially where I could be used.
  • AP Stylebook Online (2010) reports opposition to the intensifier use as reflexive pronouns (like myself) should not be used instead of objective pronouns (like me).

Synonyms[edit]

  • (reflexive pronoun): me

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]