نفس

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See also: نقس

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ن ف س(n-f-s).

Verb[edit]

نَفُسَ (nafusa) I, non-past يَنْفُسُ‎‎ (yanfusu)

  1. to be priceless, to be precious, to be valuable
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

نَفِسَ (nafisa) I, non-past يَنْفَسُ‎‎ (yanfasu)

  1. to be niggardly, to be stingy, to be sparing
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

نَفِسَ (nafisa) I, non-past يَنْفَسُ‎‎ (yanfasu)

  1. to envy, to begrudge
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

نَفِسَ (nafisa) I, non-past يَنْفَسُ‎‎ (yanfasu)
نُفِسَ (nufisa) I, non-past يُنْفَسُ‎‎ (yunfasu)

  1. to be in childbed
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

نَفَّسَ (naffasa) II, non-past يُنَفِّسُ‎‎ (yunaffisu)

  1. to comfort, to cheer up, to reassure, to appease
  2. to relieve, to dispel, to banish
  3. to air, to vent
  4. to uncover, to reveal, to voice
  5. to cease, to desist
  6. to let out air
  7. to be in childbed
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *napš-.

Noun[edit]

IPA(key): /nafs/

نَفْس (nafsf (plural نُفُوس(nufūs) or أَنْفُس(ʾanfus))

  1. self
    1. (plural أَنْفُس(ʾanfus)) in idafa with an enclitic pronoun attached to it
      نَفْسُهُ‎ ― nafsuhuhimself
      1. (plural أَنْفُس(ʾanfus)) as reflexive
        قَتَلَ نَفْسَهُ‎ ― qatala nafsahuHe killed himself. [reflexive]
        رَأَيْتُ نَفْسِي فِي ٱلْمِرْآةِ‎ ― raʾaytu nafsī fī l-mirʾātiI saw myself in the mirror.
      2. (plural أَنْفُس(ʾanfus)) as emphatic syn.
        جَاءَنِي هُوَ نَفْسُهُ.‎‎
        jāʾanī huwa nafsuhu.
        He came to me himself or in person.
  2. same used in the construct state, with a modifying noun in the genitive, or after the noun with an enclitic pronoun attached to it
    نَفْسُ ٱلشَّيْءِ‎ ― nafsu š-šayʾithe same thing
    فِي نَفْسِ ٱلْيَوْمِ، فِي ٱلْيَوْمِ نَفْسِهِ
    fī nafsi l-yawmi, fī l-yawmi nafsihi
    on the same day
  3. consciousness
  4. psyche, mind
  5. spirit, soul
  6. life, breath
  7. essence, nature
  8. inclination, appetite, proclivity
  9. personal identity
Inflection[edit]
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

IPA(key): /nafs/

نَفْس (nafsm (plural نُفُوس(nufūs) or أَنْفُس(ʾanfus))

  1. living creature, living being, human being, person
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

IPA(key): /na.fas/

(file)

نَفَس (nafasm (plural أَنْفَاس(ʾanfās))

  1. verbal noun of نَفِسَ (nafisa) (form I)
  2. verbal noun of نَفُسَ (nafusa) (form I)
  3. breath
  4. puff, draw (of smoke)
  5. gulp, draught
  6. freedom, liberty, convenience, discretion
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881), “نفس”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 2, Leiden: E. J. Brill, pages 700–701
  • Freytag, Georg (1837), “نفس”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 313
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “نفس”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, pages 1155–1556

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic نَفَس(nafas).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

نفس (nafas) (plural نفس‌ها(nafas-hâ) or انفاس(anfâs))

  1. breath
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic نَفْس(nafs).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

نفس (nafs) (plural نفس‌ها(nafs-hâ) or نفوس(nofus))

  1. soul, self
  2. psyche
  3. spirit, mind
  4. personal identity