نفس

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See also: نقس

Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ن ف س (n-f-s).

Verb[edit]

نَفُسَ (nafusa) I, non-past يَنْفُسُ‎ (yanfusu)

  1. to be priceless, to be precious, to be valuable
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]
  • Wehr, Hans (1976), “نفس”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 3rd edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-001-8

Verb[edit]

نَفِسَ (nafisa) I, non-past يَنْفَسُ‎ (yanfasu)

  1. to be niggardly, to be stingy, to be sparing
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]
  • Wehr, Hans (1976), “نفس”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 3rd edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-001-8

Verb[edit]

نَفِسَ (nafisa) I, non-past يَنْفَسُ‎ (yanfasu)

  1. to envy, to begrudge
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]
  • Wehr, Hans (1976), “نفس”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 3rd edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-001-8

Verb[edit]

نَفِسَ (nafisa) I, non-past يَنْفَسُ‎ (yanfasu)
نُفِسَ (nufisa) I, non-past يُنْفَسُ‎ (yunfasu)

  1. to be in childbed
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]
  • Wehr, Hans (1976), “نفس”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 3rd edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-001-8

Verb[edit]

نَفَّسَ (naffasa) II, non-past يُنَفِّسُ‎ (yunaffisu)

  1. to comfort, to cheer up, to reassure, to appease
  2. to relieve, to dispel, to banish
  3. to air, to vent
  4. to uncover, to reveal, to voice
  5. to cease, to desist
  6. to let out air
  7. to be in childbed
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Semitic [Term?]. Cognate with Hebrew נֶפֶשׁ (néfesh), Akkadian 𒍣 (napištu, ZI, throat, life), Aramaic נַפְשָׁא/ܢܲܦܫܵܐ (nap̄šā), Ugaritic 𐎐𐎔𐎌 (npš).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

نَفْس (nafsf (plural نُفُوس (nufūs) or أَنْفُس (ʾanfus))

  1. self
    1. (plural أَنْفُس (ʾanfus)) in idafa with an enclitic pronoun attached to it
      نَفْسُهُ‎ ― nafsuhuhimself
      1. (plural أَنْفُس (ʾanfus)) as reflexive
        قَتَلَ نَفْسَهُ‎ ― qatala nafsahuHe killed himself. [reflexive]
        رَأَيْتُ نَفْسِي فِي ٱلْمِرْآةِ‎ ― raʾaytu nafsī fī l-mirʾātiI saw myself in the mirror.
      2. (plural أَنْفُس (ʾanfus)) as emphatic syn.
        جَاءَنِي هُوَ نَفْسُهُ.‏
        jāʾanī huwa nafsuhu.
        He came to me himself or in person.
  2. same used in the construct state, with a modifying noun in the genitive, or after the noun with an enclitic pronoun attached to it
    نَفْسُ ٱلشَّيْءِ‎ ― nafsu š-šayʾithe same thing
    فِي نَفْسِ ٱلْيَوْمِ، فِي ٱلْيَوْمِ نَفْسِهِ
    fī nafsi l-yawmi, fī l-yawmi nafsihi
    on the same day
  3. consciousness
  4. psyche, mind
  5. spirit, soul
  6. life, breath
  7. essence, nature
  8. inclination, appetite, proclivity
  9. personal identity
Inflection[edit]
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

نَفْس (nafsm (plural نُفُوس (nufūs) or أَنْفُس (ʾanfus))

  1. living creature, living being, human being, person
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

نَفَس (nafasm (plural أَنْفَاس (ʾanfās))

  1. verbal noun of نَفِسَ (nafisa) (form I)
  2. verbal noun of نَفُسَ (nafusa) (form I)
  3. breath
  4. puff, draw (of smoke)
  5. gulp, draught
  6. freedom, liberty, convenience, discretion
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic نَفَس (nafas).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

نفس (nafas) (plural نفس‌ها (nafas-hâ) or انفاس (anfâs))

  1. breath
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic نَفْس (nafs).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [næfs], [næːfs]

Noun[edit]

نفس (nafs) (plural نفس‌ها (nafs-hâ) or نفوس (nofus))

  1. soul, self
  2. psyche
  3. spirit, mind
  4. personal identity