نفس

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ن ف س ‎(n-f-s).

Verb[edit]

نَفُسَ ‎(nafusa) I, non-past يَنْفُسُ‎ (yanfusu)

  1. to be priceless, to be precious, to be valuable
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]
  • Wehr, Hans (1976), “نفس”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 3rd edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-001-8

Verb[edit]

نَفِسَ ‎(nafisa) I, non-past يَنْفَسُ‎ (yanfasu)

  1. to be niggardly, to be stingy, to be sparing
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]
  • Wehr, Hans (1976), “نفس”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 3rd edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-001-8

Verb[edit]

نَفِسَ ‎(nafisa) I, non-past يَنْفَسُ‎ (yanfasu)

  1. to envy, to begrudge
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]
  • Wehr, Hans (1976), “نفس”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 3rd edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-001-8

Verb[edit]

نَفِسَ ‎(nafisa) I, non-past يَنْفَسُ‎ (yanfasu)
نُفِسَ ‎(nufisa) I, non-past يُنْفَسُ‎ (yunfasu)

  1. to be in childbed
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]
  • Wehr, Hans (1976), “نفس”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 3rd edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-001-8

Verb[edit]

نَفَّسَ ‎(naffasa) II, non-past يُنَفِّسُ‎ (yunaffisu)

  1. to comfort, to cheer up, to reassure, to appease
  2. to relieve, to dispel, to banish
  3. to air, to vent
  4. to uncover, to reveal, to voice
  5. to cease, to desist
  6. to let out air
  7. to be in childbed
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Semitic. Cognate with Hebrew נֶפֶשׁ ‎(néfesh), Akkadian 𒍣 ‎(napištu, ZI, throat, life), Aramaic נַפְשָׁא/ܢܲܦܫܵܐ ‎(nap̄šā), Ugaritic 𐎐𐎔𐎌 ‎(npš).

Noun[edit]

نَفْس ‎(nafsf ‎(plural نُفُوس ‎(nufūs) or أَنْفُس ‎(ʾanfus))

  1. soul, self (used as a reflexive pronoun, often with a bound pronoun)
  2. same (used in the construct state, with a modifying noun)
    نَفْس الشَيْء‎ ― nafs aš-šayʾ ― the same thing
  3. psyche
  4. spirit, mind
  5. life
  6. essence, nature
  7. inclination, appetite, proclivity
  8. personal identity

Noun[edit]

نَفْس ‎(nafsm ‎(plural نُفُوس ‎(nufūs) or أَنْفُس ‎(ʾanfus))

  1. living creature, living being, human being, person
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

نَفَس ‎(nafasm ‎(plural أَنْفَاس ‎(ʾanfās))

  1. verbal noun of نَفِسَ ‎(nafisa) (form I)
  2. verbal noun of نَفُسَ ‎(nafusa) (form I)
  3. breath
  4. puff, draw (of smoke)
  5. gulp, draught
  6. freedom, liberty, convenience, discretion
Declension[edit]

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic نَفَس ‎(nafas).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

نفس ‎(nafas) ‎(plural نفس‌ها ‎(nafas-hâ) or انفاس ‎(anfâs))

  1. breath
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic نَفْس ‎(nafs).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [næfs], [næːfs]

Noun[edit]

نفس ‎(nafs) ‎(plural نفس‌ها ‎(nafs-hâ) or نفوس ‎(nofus))

  1. soul, self
  2. psyche
  3. spirit, mind
  4. personal identity