اسم

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: آسم‎, أسم, and أشم

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *šim-, from Proto-Afroasiatic *sim- (name). Belongs to the root س م و(s-m-w).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

اِسْم (ismm (plural أَسْمَاء(ʾasmāʾ) or أَسَامٍ(ʾasāmin))

  1. name
    مَا ٱسْمُكَ؟‎‎ ― smuka?What is your name?
    بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ‎ ― bismi llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīmiin the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate
    بِسْمِ ٱلْأَبِ وَٱلِٱبْنِ وَٱلرُّوحِ ٱلْقُدُسِ‎ ― bismi l-ʾabi wal-ibni war-rūḥi l-qudusiIn the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost
  2. appellation
  3. reputation, prestige
  4. (grammar) noun (a category above, including pronouns and adjectives, see the derived terms to get a picture of the usage)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Cypriot Arabic: اسم(ism)
  • Hijazi Arabic: اسم(isim)
  • Maltese: isem
  • Moroccan Arabic: اسم(ism)
  • Tunisian Arabic: اسم(ism)
  • Azerbaijani: ایسیم, isim (or via Persian)
  • Bashkir: исем (isem)
  • Kazakh: есім (esim)
  • Malay: اسم, isim
  • Classical Persian: اسم(ism) (see there for further descendants)

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

اُسْمُ (usmu) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of سَمَا(samā)

Further reading[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “اسم”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 359–360
  • Carter, Michael George (2017), “The Seven Deadly Sins of Arabic Studies”, in Manuel Sartori, Manuela E. B. Giolfo, Philippe Cassuto, editors, Approaches to the History and Dialectology of Arabic in Honor of Pierre Larcher (Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics; 88), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 519–521
  • Kasher, Almog (1 October 2009), “Term Ism in Medieval Arabic Grammatical Tradition: A Hyponym of Itself”, in Journal of Semitic Studies[1], Oxford Academix, retrieved 26 October 2018
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “سم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

{{cln|ar|autohyponyms|autological terms]]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Noun[edit]

اسم (definite accusative اسمی‎, plural اسملر‎)

  1. Alternative spelling of ایسیم

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic اِسْم(ism)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

اسم (isimm (plural أسماء(ʔasmāʔ))

  1. name

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic اِسْم(ism).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

اسم (plural اسم-اسم or اسم۲‎, informal 1st possessive اسمکو‎, impolite 2nd possessive اسممو‎, 3rd possessive اسمڽ‎)

  1. Jawi spelling of isim

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic اِسْم(ism).

Noun[edit]

اسم (ism, isim) (plural اسملر‎)

  1. name
  2. (grammar) noun

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic اِسْم(ism).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian اسم
Iranian Persian
Tajik исм (ism)

اسم (esm) (plural اسم‌ها(esm-hâ) or اسامی(asâmi) or اَسْماء(asmâ(')))

  1. name
    Synonym: نام(nâm)
  2. appellation
    Synonym: نامیده(nâmideh)
  3. (grammar) noun
    Hyponym: اسم خاص

Descendants[edit]


South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
و س م

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic اِسْم(ism).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔism/, [ˈʔi.s(ɪ)m]
  • IPA(key): /ʔusm/, [ˈʔu.s(ʊ)m]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

اسم (ʔism, ʔusmm (plural أسامي(ʔasāmi) or أسماء(ʔasmāʔ))

  1. name
    شو اسمك؟‎‎ (to a male)šu ʔismak?What's your name?
    شو اسمك؟‎‎ (to a female)šu ʔismek?What's your name?
    شو الاسم الكريم؟‎‎ ― šu l-ʔism il-karīm?What's your noble name?
  2. noun

Usage notes[edit]

  • The plural form أسماء(ʔasmāʔ) is only used in expressions from Standard Arabic:
    الأسماء الحسنى‎‎ ― il-ʕasmāʕ il-ḥusnathe 99 names of God (literally, “the best names”)

Derived terms[edit]

  • اسم العيلة(ʔism il-ʕēle, surname, family name)
  • اسم الشخص(ʔism iš-šaḵṣ, first name)

Tunisian Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic اِسْم(ism).

Noun[edit]

اسم (ʔismm

  1. name
    شسمك ؟‎‎
    šismik
    What's your name?
  2. noun
  3. title
    ما ختارش اسم باهي لكتابه
    mā ḵtāriš ʔism bāhi liktābu
    He didn't choose a good title for his book
  4. first name

Urdu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persian اسم(ism), from Arabic اِسْم(ism), from Proto-Semitic *šim-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

اِسْم (ismm (Hindi spelling इस्म)

  1. name, appellation, designation
  2. (grammar) noun, substantive

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit असम (asama).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

اسم (asam) (Hindi spelling असम)

  1. unequal
  2. uneven
  3. dissimilar
  4. unusual

Further reading[edit]

  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971), “اسم”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co.