اسم

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: آسم‎, أسم, and أشم

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *šim-, from Proto-Afro-Asiatic *(ʔi-)sim- (name).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ism/
  • (narrow) IPA(key): [ʔism̩]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

اِسْم (ismm (plural أَسْمَاء(ʾasmāʾ) or أَسَامٍ(ʾasāmin))

  1. name
    مَا اسْمُكَ؟‎‎ ― smukaWhat is your name?
    بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ‎ ― bi-smi llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīmiin the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate
    بِسْمِ ٱلْأَبِ وَٱلِٱبْنِ وَٱلرُّوحِ ٱلْقُدُسِ‎ ― bi-smi l-ʾabi wа-l-ibni wа-r-rūḥi l-qudusiin the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost
  1. appellation
  2. reputation, prestige
  3. (grammar) noun (a category above, including pronouns and adjectives, see the derived terms to get a picture of the usage)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

اُسْمُ (usmu) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of سَمَا(samā)

Further reading[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “اسم”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 359–360
  • Carter, Michael George (2017), “The Seven Deadly Sins of Arabic Studies”, in Manuel Sartori, Manuela E. B. Giolfo, Philippe Cassuto, editors, Approaches to the History and Dialectology of Arabic in Honor of Pierre Larcher (Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics; 88), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 519–521
  • Kasher, Almog (1 October 2009), “Term Ism in Medieval Arabic Grammatical Tradition: A Hyponym of Itself”, in Journal of Semitic Studies[1], Oxford Academix, retrieved 26 October 2018
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “سم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Azerbaijani[edit]

Noun[edit]

اسم (isim)

  1. Alternative spelling of ایسیم

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic اِسْم(ism)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

اِسِم (isimm (plural أسماء‎ ‎(ʼasmāʼ))

  1. name

Malay[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic اِسْم(ism), from Proto-Semitic *šim-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

اسم (Rumi spelling isim‎)

  1. name (word or phrase indicating a particular person, place, class or thing)

Synonyms[edit]


Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian اسم(esm), from Arabic اِسْم(ism), from Proto-Semitic *šim-.

Noun[edit]

اسم (ism, isim)

  1. name
  2. (grammar) noun

Synonyms[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic اِسْم(ism), from Proto-Semitic *šim-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian اسم
Iranian Persian اسم
Tajiki Persian исм (ism)

اسم (esm) (plural اسم‌ها(esm-hâ) or اسامی(asâmi))

  1. name
  2. appellation
  3. (grammar) noun

Hyponyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Tunisian Arabic[edit]

Noun[edit]

اِسْمْ‎ (ʾismm

  1. name
    شِسْمِكْ ؟‎‎
    šismik
    What's your name?
  2. noun
  3. title
    مَا خْتَارِشْ اِسْمْ بَاهِي لِكْتَابُو
    mā ḫtāriš ʾism bāhī liktābū
    He didn't choose a good title for his book
  4. first name

Urdu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit [Term?].

Adjective[edit]

اسم (asam) (Hindi spelling असम)

  1. unequal
  2. uneven
  3. dissimilar
  4. unusual

Etymology 2[edit]

Ultimately from Arabic اِسْم(ism), from Proto-Semitic *šim-.

Noun[edit]

اسم (ismm (Hindi spelling इस्म)

  1. name, appellation, designation
  2. (grammar) noun, substantive
Synonyms[edit]