نام

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ن و م (n-w-m). Cognate with Hebrew נם (nam).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

نَامَ (nāma) I, non-past يَنَامُ‎ (yanāmu)

  1. to sleep
    الطِّفْلُ نَامَ بِسُكُونٍ بَعْدَ يَوْمٍ طَوِيلٍ.
    aṭ-ṭiflu nāma bisukūnin baʕda yawmin ṭawīlin.
    The child slept peacefully after a long day.
  2. to go to bed
  3. to go to sleep
  4. to abate, to subside, to let up, to calm down
  5. to be inactive, to be listless
  6. to be numb
  7. to neglect, to omit, to overlook (عَنْ (ʕan) or عَلَى (ʕalā))
  8. to forget
  9. to be reassured, to accept, to assent, to acquiesce
  10. to trust, to have confidence in (إِلَى (ʔilā))

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “نوم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Baluchi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Iranian *Hnā́ma, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hnā́ma, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥.

Noun[edit]

نام (nám)

  1. name
  2. reputation
  3. designation

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Root
ن و م
1 term

Verb[edit]

نام (nām) I (non-past ينام (yinām))

  1. to sleep

Malay[edit]

Noun[edit]

نام (plural نام-نام or نام۲, informal 1st possessive نامکو, 2nd possessive ناممو, 3rd possessive نامڽ)

  1. Jawi spelling of nama

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian ŠM (/⁠nām⁠/), from Old Persian 𐎴𐎠𐎶 (n-a-m /⁠nāma⁠/), from Proto-Iranian *Hnā́ma (compare Northern Kurdish nav, Pashto نوم (nūm), Avestan 𐬥𐬁𐬨𐬀𐬥- (nāman-)) from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hnā́ma (compare Sanskrit नामन् (nā́man), Hindi नाम (nām)/Urdu نام (nām)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥ (name) (compare Greek όνομα (ónoma), Italian nome, Tocharian A ñom, Armenian անուն (anun), and English name).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? nām
Dari reading? nām
Iranian reading? nâm
Tajik reading? nom
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

Dari نام
Iranian Persian
Tajik ном

نام (nâm) (plural نام‌ها (nâm-hâ))

  1. name
    Synonym: اسم (esm)
  2. reputation

Usage notes[edit]

  • (name): In Iran, نام is more common in formal speech, while اسم (esm) is more common in informal speech. In Dari and Tajik, نام is more common at every level of formality.

Inflection[edit]

    Enclitic-attached forms of نام (nâm) (Iranian Persian)
    Basic forms of نام (nâm)
singular plural
bare نام
(nâm)
نام‌ها
(nâm-hấ)
ناما
(nâmấ)
definitive direct object نام را
(nâm râ)
نام رو
(nâmo)
نام‌ها را
(nâm-hấ râ)
ناما رو
(nâmấ ro)
ezâfe نام
(nâm-e)
نام‌های
(nâm-hấ-ye)
نامای
(nâmấ-ye)
marked indefinite
or relative definite
نامی
(nâm-i)
نام‌هایی
(nâmấn-i, nâm-hấ-i)
نامایی
(nâmấi)
Colloquial.
    Possessive forms of نام (nâm)
singular plural
1st person singular
(“my”)
نامم
(nâmam)
نام‌هایم
(nâm-hấyam)
نام‌هام، نامام
(nâmấm)
2nd person singular
(“your”)
نامت
(nâmat)
[Term?]
(nâmet)
نام‌هایت
(nâm-hấyat)
نام‌هات، نامات
(nâmất)
3rd person singular
(“his, her, its”)
نامش
(nâmaš)
[Term?]
(nâmeš)
نام‌هایش
(nâm-hấyaš)
نام‌هاش، ناماش
(nâmấš)
1st plural
(“our”)
ناممان
(nâmemân)
ناممون
(nâmemun)
نام‌هایمان
(nâm-hấyemân)
نام‌هامون، نامامون
(nâmấmun)
2nd plural
(“your”)
نامتان
(nâmetân)
نامتون
(nâmetun)
نام‌هایتان
(nâm-hấyetân)
نام‌هاتون، ناماتون
(nâmấtun)
3rd plural
(“their”)
نامشان
(nâmešân)
نامشون
(nâmešun)
نام‌هایشان
(nâm-hấyešân)
نام‌هاشون، ناماشون
(nâmấšun)
Colloquial.
    Enclitic-attached forms of نام (nām) (Dari Persian)
    Basic forms of نام (nām)
(Classical and Dari Persian)
singular plural
bare نام
(nām)
نام‌ها
(nām-hā́)
definitive direct object نام را
(nām rā́)
نام ره
(nāma)
نام‌ها را
(nām-hā́ rā́)
ناما ره
(nāmā́ ra)
izāfa نام
(nām-i)
نام‌های
(nām-hā́-yi)
نامای
(nāmā́-yi)
marked indefinite / relative definite نامی
(nām-ē)
نام‌هایی
(nāmā́n-ē, nām-hā́-ē)
نامایی
(nāmā́-yē)
Colloquial Dari.
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    Possessive forms of نام (nām)
singular plural
1st person singular
(“my”)
نامم
(nāmam)
نام‌هایم
(nām-hā́yam)
نامایم
(nāmā́ym)
2nd person singular
(“your”)
نامت
(nāmat)
نام‌هایت
(nām-hā́yat)
نامایت
(nāmā́yt)
3rd person singular
(“his, her, its”)
نامش
(nāmaš)
نامشِی
(nāmšī)
نام‌هایش
(nām-hā́yaš)
نامایش
(nāmā́yš)
1st plural
(“our”)
ناممان
(nāmimān)
نامما
(nāmimā)
نام‌هایمان
(nām-hā́yimān)
نامایما
(nāmā́ymā)
2nd plural
(“your”)
نامتان
(nāmitān)
نام‌هایتان
(nām-hā́yitān)
نامایتان
(nāmā́ytān)
3rd plural
(“their”)
نامشان
(nāmišān)
نام‌هایشان
(nām-hā́yišān)
نامایشان
(nāmā́yšān)
Colloquial.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edelʹman, D. I. (2015) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume 5, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, page 539

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ن و م
7 terms

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic نَامَ (nāma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

نام (nām) I (present بنام (binām), active participle نايم (nāyem))

  1. to sleep
    بنام شوي بعد الغدا.
    banām šway baʕd il-ḡada.
    I sleep a little bit after lunch.
  2. to lie down (+ على)
    نام عالكنبة وارتاح.
    nām ʕal-kanabe w-irtāḥ.
    Lie down on the couch and relax.

Conjugation[edit]

    Conjugation of نام (nām)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m نمت (nimt) نمت (nimt) نام (nām) نمنا (nimna) نمتو (nimtu) نامو (nāmu)
f نمتي (nimti) نامت (nāmat)
present m بنام (banām) بتنام (bitnām) بنام (binām) مننام (minnām) بتنامو (bitnāmu) بنامو (bināmu)
f بتنامي (bitnāmi) بتنام (bitnām)
subjunctive m انام (anām) تنام (tnām) ينام (ynām) ننام (nnām) تنامو (tnāmu) ينامو (ynāmu)
f تنامي (tnāmi) تنام (tnām)
imperative m نام (nām) نامو (nāmu)
f نامي (nāmi)

Related terms[edit]

Urdu[edit]

Urdu Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ur

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀡𑀸𑀫 (ṇāma), from Sanskrit नामन् (nā́man), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hnā́ma, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hnā́ma (compare Persian نام (nâm)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥ (name). Cognate with Punjabi ناں (nāṉ) and English name.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

نام (nāmm (Hindi spelling नाम)

  1. name

Declension[edit]

Declension of نام
singular plural
direct نام (nām) نام (nām)
oblique نام (nām) ناموں (nāmō̃)
vocative نام (nām) نامو (nāmō)

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • نام”, in اُردُو لُغَت (urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971), “نام”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co.
  • نام”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت (rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.

Uyghur[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian نام (nâm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

نام (nam) (plural ناملار (namlar))

  1. name, title
  2. fame, prestige, renown, reputation

Further reading[edit]

  • Schwarz, Henry G. (1992) An Uyghur-English Dictionary (East Asian Research Aids & Translations; 3), Bellingham, Washington: Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University, →ISBN