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See also: निम्न



From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hnā́man- (compare Avestan 𐬥𐬁𐬨𐬀𐬥 (nāman-), Old Persian 𐎴𐎠𐎶 (nāma)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥ (name). Further cognates include Hittite 𒆷𒀀𒈠𒀭 (lāman), Ancient Greek ὄνομα (ónoma), Latin nōmen, Tocharian A ñom, and Old English nama (English name).



नामन् (nā́mann

  1. a characteristic mark or sign, form, nature, kind, manner
  2. name, appellation
    (with √kṛ or √vi-dhā) — to call by a name
  3. personal name (as opposed to गोत्रे (gotre, family name); compare नामगोत्र (nāma-gotra))
  4. merely the name (as opposed to reality; compare नामधारक (nāma-dhāraka), नाममात्र (nāma-mātra), नामशेष (nāma-śeṣa) etc.)
  5. (grammar) a noun (as opposed to a verb)
  6. substance, essence (in the mīmāṃsā philosophy opposed to guṇa, accidental quality)
  7. a good or great name, renown, fame (only at the end of a compound; compare श्वनामन् (śva-nāman), सुमन्तुनामन् (sumántu-nāman))
  8. water


Neuter n-stem declension of नामन्
Nom. sg. नाम (nāma)
Gen. sg. नाम्नः (nāmnaḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative नाम (nāma) नामनी (nāmanī) नामानि (nāmāni)
Vocative नाम (nāma) नामनी (nāmanī) नामानि (nāmāni)
Accusative नाम (nāma) नामनी (nāmanī) नामानि (nāmāni)
Instrumental नाम्ना (nāmnā) नामभ्याम् (nāmabhyām) नामभिः (nāmabhiḥ)
Dative नाम्ने (nāmne) नामभ्याम् (nāmabhyām) नामभ्यः (nāmabhyaḥ)
Ablative नाम्नः (nāmnaḥ) नामभ्याम् (nāmabhyām) नामभ्यः (nāmabhyaḥ)
Genitive नाम्नः (nāmnaḥ) नाम्नोः (nāmnoḥ) नाम्नाम् (nāmnām)
Locative नाम्नि (nāmni) नाम्नोः (nāmnoḥ) नामसु (nāmasu)



  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 536