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See also: निम्न



From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hnā́man- (compare Avestan 𐬥𐬁𐬨𐬀𐬥 ‎(nāman-), Old Persian 𐎴𐎠𐎶 ‎(nāma)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥ ‎(name). Further cognates include Hittite 𒆷𒀀𒈠𒀭 ‎(lāman), Ancient Greek ὄνομα ‎(ónoma), Latin nōmen, Tocharian A ñom, and Old English nama (English name).




नामन् ‎(nā́mann

  1. a characteristic mark or sign, form, nature, kind, manner
  2. name, appellation
    (with √kṛ or √vi-dhā) — to call by a name
  3. personal name (as opposed to गोत्रे ‎(gotre, family name); compare नामगोत्र ‎(nāma-gotra))
  4. merely the name (as opposed to reality; compare नामधारक ‎(nāma-dhāraka), नाममात्र ‎(nāma-mātra), नामशेष ‎(nāma-śeṣa) etc.)
  5. (grammar) a noun (as opposed to a verb)
  6. substance, essence (in the mīmāṃsā philosophy opposed to guṇa, accidental quality)
  7. a good or great name, renown, fame (only at the end of a compound; compare श्वनामन् ‎(śva-nāman), सुमन्तुनामन् ‎(sumántu-nāman))
  8. water


Neuter n-stem declension of नामन्
Nom. sg. नाम ‎(nāma)
Gen. sg. नाम्नः ‎(nāmnaḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative नाम ‎(nāma) नामनी ‎(nāmanī) नामानि ‎(nāmāni)
Vocative नाम ‎(nāma) नामनी ‎(nāmanī) नामानि ‎(nāmāni)
Accusative नाम ‎(nāma) नामनी ‎(nāmanī) नामानि ‎(nāmāni)
Instrumental नाम्ना ‎(nāmnā) नामभ्याम् ‎(nāmabhyām) नामभिः ‎(nāmabhiḥ)
Dative नाम्ने ‎(nāmne) नामभ्याम् ‎(nāmabhyām) नामभ्यः ‎(nāmabhyaḥ)
Ablative नाम्नः ‎(nāmnaḥ) नामभ्याम् ‎(nāmabhyām) नामभ्यः ‎(nāmabhyaḥ)
Genitive नाम्नः ‎(nāmnaḥ) नाम्नोः ‎(nāmnoḥ) नाम्नाम् ‎(nāmnām)
Locative नाम्नि ‎(nāmni) नाम्नोः ‎(nāmnoḥ) नामसु ‎(nāmasu)



  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 536