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From Proto-Indo-Iranian *HnaHman- (compare Avestan 𐬥𐬁𐬨𐬀𐬥 (nāman-), Old Persian 𐎴𐎠𐎶 (nāma)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥ (name). Further cognates include Hittite 𒆷𒀀𒈠𒀭 (lāman), Ancient Greek ὄνομα (ónoma), Latin nōmen, Tocharian A ñom, and Old English nama (English name).


नामन् (nā́mann

  1. a characteristic mark or sign, form, nature, kind, manner
  2. name, appellation
    (with √kṛ or √vi-dhā) — to call by a name
  3. personal name (as opposed to गोत्रे (gotre, family name); compare नामगोत्र (nāma-gotra))
  4. merely the name (as opposed to reality; compare नामधारक (nāma-dhāraka), नाममात्र (nāma-mātra), नामशेष (nāma-śeṣa) etc.)
  5. (grammar) a noun (as opposed to a verb)
  6. substance, essence (in the mīmāṃsā philosophy opposed to guṇa, accidental quality)
  7. a good or great name, renown, fame (only at the end of a compound; compare श्वनामन् (śva-nāman), सुमन्तुनामन् (sumántu-nāman))
  8. water




  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0536