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See also: Nomen



Borrowed from Latin nōmen (name). Doublet of name and noun.



nomen (plural nomina)

  1. (historical) The name of a citizen of Ancient Rome, designating them as a member of a gens.
  2. (historical) The birth name of a pharaoh, the fifth of the five names of the royal titulary, traditionally encircled by a cartouche and preceded by the title zꜣ-rꜥ.





  1. third-person plural present indicative/subjunctive of nomar



From Proto-Italic *nomen, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥ (name). The long ō (and spurious g in compounds) is from false association with gnōscō (know, recognize). In the grammatical sense of “noun”, it is a semantic loan from Ancient Greek ὄνομα (ónoma).

Cognate with Hittite 𒆷𒀀𒈠𒀭 (lāman), Ancient Greek ὄνομα (ónoma), Sanskrit नामन् (nā́man), Tocharian A ñom, Old Irish ainmm, Old Church Slavonic имѧ (imę), Old English nama (English name). Doublet of onoma.



nōmen n (genitive nōminis); third declension

  1. name, appellation
  2. in particular, the middle name of a three-part free man's Latin name which distinguished one gens from another
  3. title
  4. (grammar) noun (i.e. substantive, adjective, pronoun, article or numeral)
    • c. 95 CE, Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria 1.4.17–18:
      Tum videbit, ad quem hoc pertinet, quot et quae partes orationis; quanquam de numero parum convenit. Veteres enim, quorum fuerunt Aristoteles quoque atque Theodectes, verba modo et nomina et convinctiones tradiderunt; videlicet quod in verbis vim sermonis, in nominibus materiam (quia alterum est quod loquimur, alterum de quo loquimur) []
      He, whom this matter shall concern, will then understand how many parts of speech there are and what they are, though as to their number, writers are by no means agreed. For the more ancient, among whom were Aristotle and Theodectes, said that there were only verbs, nouns, and convinctions, because, that is to say, they judged that the force of language was in verbs, and the matter of it in nouns (since the one is what we speak, and the other that of which we speak) []
  5. (figuratively) debt, bond, item of debt
  6. (figuratively, metonymically) people, nation's name, race
  7. (figuratively) fame, reputation, repute, renown (good name)


Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative nōmen nōmina
Genitive nōminis nōminum
Dative nōminī nōminibus
Accusative nōmen nōmina
Ablative nōmine nōminibus
Vocative nōmen nōmina



Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • nomen”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • nomen”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nomen in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • nomen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to think of a person with a grateful sense of his goodness: nomen alicuius grato animo prosequi
    • to win renown amongst posterity by some act: nomen suum posteritati aliqua re commendare, propagare, prodere
    • to immortalise one's name: memoriam nominis sui immortalitati tradere, mandare, commendare
    • nominally; really: verbo, nomine; re, re quidem vera
    • etymology (not etymologia): nominum interpretatio
    • to form, derive a word from... (used of the man who first creates the word): vocabulum, verbum, nomen ducere ab, ex...
    • the word amicitia comes from amare: nomen amicitiae (or simply amicitia) dicitur ab amando
    • the word carere means..: vox, nomen carendi or simply carere hoc significat (Tusc. 1. 36. 88)
    • the word aemulatio is employed with two meanings, in a good and a bad sense: aemulatio dupliciter dicitur, ut et in laude et in vitio hoc nomen sit
    • money is outstanding, unpaid: pecunia in nominibus est
    • I have money owing me: pecuniam in nominibus habeo
    • to become a candidate: nomen profiteri or simply profiteri
    • to accuse, denounce a person: nomen alicuius deferre (apud praetorem) (Verr. 2. 38. 94)
    • (ambiguous) to enlist oneself: nomen (nomina) dare, profiteri
    • to fail to answer one's name: ad nomen non respondere (Liv. 7. 4)
    • (ambiguous) to give the etymological explanation of words: nomina enodare or verborum origines quaerere, indagare
    • (ambiguous) to book a debt: nomina facere or in tabulas referre
    • (ambiguous) to pay one's debts: nomina (cf. sect. XIII. 3) solvere, dissolvere, exsolvere
    • (ambiguous) to demand payment of, recover debts: nomina exigere (Verr. 3. 10. 28)
    • (ambiguous) the agent (nomenclator) mentions the names of constituents to the canvasser: nomina appellat (nomenclator)
    • (ambiguous) to enlist oneself: nomen (nomina) dare, profiteri
  • nomen”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nomen”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Middle Dutch[edit]



  1. (Flemish) Alternative form of noemen

Northern Sami[edit]


(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)


This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!



  1. (grammar) nominal


Odd, no gradation
Nominative nomen
Genitive nomena
Singular Plural
Nominative nomen nomenat
Accusative nomena nomeniid
Genitive nomena nomeniid
Illative nomenii nomeniidda
Locative nomenis nomeniin
Comitative nomeniin nomeniiguin
Essive nomenin
Possessive forms
Singular Dual Plural
1st person nomenan nomeneamẹ nomeneamẹt
2nd person nomenat nomeneattẹ nomeneattẹt
3rd person nomenis nomeneaskkạ nomeneasẹt

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin nōmen.


nomen n (definite singular nomenet, indefinite plural nomen, definite plural nomena)

  1. (grammar) noun (i.e. nouns and adjectives)
  2. (grammar, newer) noun (i.e. nouns, adjectives, pronouns (and partially also numerals and infinitive forms of verbs))
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse numinn, past participle of nema. Compare with Norwegian Bokmål nummen.


nomen (neuter nome or noment, definite singular and plural nomne, comparative nomnare, indefinite superlative nomnast, definite superlative nomnaste)

  1. numb
Related terms[edit]