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See also: Nomen



Borrowed from Latin nomen (name).


nomen (plural nomina)

  1. (historical) The name of a citizen of Ancient Rome, designating them as a member of a gens.
  2. The birth name of a pharaoh, the fifth of the five names of the royal titulary, traditionally encircled by a cartouche and preceded by the title zꜣ-rꜥ.





  1. third-person plural present indicative of nomar
  2. third-person plural present subjunctive of nomar



From Proto-Italic *nōmn, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥ (name). The long ō (and spurious g in compounds) is from false association with gnōscō (know, recognize). In the grammatical sense of “noun”, it is a semantic loan from Ancient Greek ὄνομα (ónoma).

Cognates include Hittite 𒆷𒀀𒈠𒀭 (lāman), Ancient Greek ὄνομα (ónoma), Sanskrit नामन् (nā́man), Tocharian A ñom, Old Irish ainmm, Old Church Slavonic имѧ (imę), and Old English nama (English name).


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈnoː.men/, [ˈnoː.mẽ]
  • (file)


nōmen n (genitive nōminis); third declension

  1. name, appellation
  2. in particular, the middle name of a three-part free man's Latin name which distinguished one gens from another
  3. title
  4. (grammar) noun (i.e. substantive, adjective, pronoun, article or numeral)
    • c. 95 CE, Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria 1.4.17–18
      Tum videbit, ad quem hoc pertinet, quot et quae partes orationis; quanquam de numero parum convenit. Veteres enim, quorum fuerunt Aristoteles quoque atque Theodectes, verba modo et nomina et convinctiones tradiderunt; videlicet quod in verbis vim sermonis, in nominibus materiam (quia alterum est quod loquimur, alterum de quo loquimur) []
      He, whom this matter shall concern, will then understand how many parts of speech there are and what they are, though as to their number, writers are by no means agreed. For the more ancient, among whom were Aristotle and Theodectes, said that there were only verbs, nouns, and convinctions, because, that is to say, they judged that the force of language was in verbs, and the matter of it in nouns (since the one is what we speak, and the other that of which we speak) []


Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative nōmen nōmina
genitive nōminis nōminum
dative nōminī nōminibus
accusative nōmen nōmina
ablative nōmine nōminibus
vocative nōmen nōmina



Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • nomen in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • nomen in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nomen in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • nomen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to think of a person with a grateful sense of his goodness: nomen alicuius grato animo prosequi
    • to win renown amongst posterity by some act: nomen suum posteritati aliqua re commendare, propagare, prodere
    • to immortalise one's name: memoriam nominis sui immortalitati tradere, mandare, commendare
    • nominally; really: verbo, nomine; re, re quidem vera
    • etymology (not etymologia): nominum interpretatio
    • to form, derive a word from... (used of the man who first creates the word): vocabulum, verbum, nomen ducere ab, ex...
    • the word amicitia comes from amare: nomen amicitiae (or simply amicitia) dicitur ab amando
    • the word carere means..: vox, nomen carendi or simply carere hoc significat (Tusc. 1. 36. 88)
    • the word aemulatio is employed with two meanings, in a good and a bad sense: aemulatio dupliciter dicitur, ut et in laude et in vitio hoc nomen sit
    • money is outstanding, unpaid: pecunia in nominibus est
    • I have money owing me: pecuniam in nominibus habeo
    • to become a candidate: nomen profiteri or simply profiteri
    • to accuse, denounce a person: nomen alicuius deferre (apud praetorem) (Verr. 2. 38. 94)
    • (ambiguous) to enlist oneself: nomen (nomina) dare, profiteri
    • to fail to answer one's name: ad nomen non respondere (Liv. 7. 4)
    • (ambiguous) to give the etymological explanation of words: nomina enodare or verborum origines quaerere, indagare
    • (ambiguous) to book a debt: nomina facere or in tabulas referre
    • (ambiguous) to pay one's debts: nomina (cf. sect. XIII. 3) solvere, dissolvere, exsolvere
    • (ambiguous) to demand payment of, recover debts: nomina exigere (Verr. 3. 10. 28)
    • (ambiguous) the agent (nomenclator) mentions the names of constituents to the canvasser: nomina appellat (nomenclator)
    • (ambiguous) to enlist oneself: nomen (nomina) dare, profiteri
  • nomen in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nomen in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Middle Dutch[edit]



  1. (Flemish) Alternative form of noemen