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See also: Nomen



From Latin nōmen (name), a clipping of nōmen gentīle (family name). Doublet of name and noun.



nomen (plural nomina or nomens)

  1. (historical) The family name of an Ancient Roman, designating their gens.
  2. (historical) The birth name of a pharaoh, the fifth of the five names of the royal titulary, traditionally encircled by a cartouche and preceded by the title zꜣ-rꜥ.
    • 1843, [John] Gardner Wilkinson, Modern Egypt and Thebes: Being a Description of Egypt; Including the Information Required for Travellers in That Country, volume II, London: John Murray, [], page 308:
      The adytum is unsculptured, but two monoliths within it bear the name of Physcon and Cleopatra; and in the front chamber of the naos is that of the Ethiopian king “Ashar (Atar)-Amun*, the everliving,” who in some of his nomens is called “the beloved of Isis.”
    • 1906, E[rnest] A[lfred] Wallis Budge, Cook’s Handbook for Egypt and the Sûdân, 2nd edition, London: Tho[ma]s Cook & Son, []; Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co., Ltd., page 189:
      The following is a list of the prenomens and nomens of Egyptian kings which are of common occurrence, with transliterations into Roman letters.
  3. A taxonomic name.
    • 2023, Wolfgang Denzer, Hinrich Kaiser, “Naming And Gaming: The Illicit Taxonomic Practice Of 'Nomenclatural harvesting' And How To Avoid It”, in Journal of Zoology, volume 320, number 3, page 161:
      Over the decades and centuries, Linnaeus’s binominal system reached ever greater prominence as a standard to categorize and stabilize organismal biology, and it became necessary to trace taxon names, so that duplication and confusion could be addressed or avoided. As a consequence, different areas of biology developed 'codes' of nomenclature, according to which the availability of such nomina could be governed.


Coordinate terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]





  1. third-person plural present indicative/subjunctive of nomar



From Proto-Italic *nomen, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥ (name). The long ō (and spurious g in compounds) is from false association with gnōscō (know, recognize). In the grammatical sense of “noun”, it is a semantic loan from Ancient Greek ὄνομα (ónoma).

Cognate with Hittite 𒆷𒀀𒈠𒀭 (lāman), Ancient Greek ὄνομα (ónoma), Sanskrit नामन् (nā́man), Tocharian A ñom, Old Irish ainmm, Old Church Slavonic имѧ (imę), Old English nama (English name). Doublet of onoma.



nōmen n (genitive nōminis); third declension

  1. name
  2. (historical) Short for nomen gentile, nomen, the family name in a Roman name, indicating the person's gens
  3. title
  4. (grammar) noun, inclusive of substantives, adjectives, pronouns, articles, and numerals
    • c. 35 CE – 100 CE, Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria 1.4.17–18:
      Tum videbit, ad quem hoc pertinet, quot et quae partes orationis; quanquam de numero parum convenit. Veteres enim, quorum fuerunt Aristoteles quoque atque Theodectes, verba modo et nomina et convinctiones tradiderunt; videlicet quod in verbis vim sermonis, in nominibus materiam (quia alterum est quod loquimur, alterum de quo loquimur) []
      He, whom this matter shall concern, will then understand how many parts of speech there are and what they are, though as to their number, writers are by no means agreed. For the more ancient, among whom were Aristotle and Theodectes, said that there were only verbs, nouns, and convinctions, because, that is to say, they judged that the force of language was in verbs, and the matter of it in nouns (since the one is what we speak, and the other that of which we speak) []
  5. (figuratively) debt, particularly a written bond or item of debt
  6. (figuratively, metonymically) people, race
  7. (figuratively) fame, renown
  8. (figuratively) reputation, good name


Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative nōmen nōmina
Genitive nōminis nōminum
Dative nōminī nōminibus
Accusative nōmen nōmina
Ablative nōmine nōminibus
Vocative nōmen nōmina



Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • nomen”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • nomen”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nomen in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • nomen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to think of a person with a grateful sense of his goodness: nomen alicuius grato animo prosequi
    • to win renown amongst posterity by some act: nomen suum posteritati aliqua re commendare, propagare, prodere
    • to immortalise one's name: memoriam nominis sui immortalitati tradere, mandare, commendare
    • nominally; really: verbo, nomine; re, re quidem vera
    • etymology (not etymologia): nominum interpretatio
    • to form, derive a word from... (used of the man who first creates the word): vocabulum, verbum, nomen ducere ab, ex...
    • the word amicitia comes from amare: nomen amicitiae (or simply amicitia) dicitur ab amando
    • the word carere means..: vox, nomen carendi or simply carere hoc significat (Tusc. 1. 36. 88)
    • the word aemulatio is employed with two meanings, in a good and a bad sense: aemulatio dupliciter dicitur, ut et in laude et in vitio hoc nomen sit
    • money is outstanding, unpaid: pecunia in nominibus est
    • I have money owing me: pecuniam in nominibus habeo
    • to become a candidate: nomen profiteri or simply profiteri
    • to accuse, denounce a person: nomen alicuius deferre (apud praetorem) (Verr. 2. 38. 94)
    • (ambiguous) to enlist oneself: nomen (nomina) dare, profiteri
    • to fail to answer one's name: ad nomen non respondere (Liv. 7. 4)
    • (ambiguous) to give the etymological explanation of words: nomina enodare or verborum origines quaerere, indagare
    • (ambiguous) to book a debt: nomina facere or in tabulas referre
    • (ambiguous) to pay one's debts: nomina (cf. sect. XIII. 3) solvere, dissolvere, exsolvere
    • (ambiguous) to demand payment of, recover debts: nomina exigere (Verr. 3. 10. 28)
    • (ambiguous) the agent (nomenclator) mentions the names of constituents to the canvasser: nomina appellat (nomenclator)
    • (ambiguous) to enlist oneself: nomen (nomina) dare, profiteri
  • nomen”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nomen”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Middle Dutch[edit]



  1. (Flemish) Alternative form of noemen

Northern Sami[edit]


(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)


  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈnomen/



  1. (grammar) nominal


Odd, no gradation
Nominative nomen
Genitive nomena
Singular Plural
Nominative nomen nomenat
Accusative nomena nomeniid
Genitive nomena nomeniid
Illative nomenii nomeniidda
Locative nomenis nomeniin
Comitative nomeniin nomeniiguin
Essive nomenin
Possessive forms
Singular Dual Plural
1st person nomenan nomeneamẹ nomeneamẹt
2nd person nomenat nomeneattẹ nomeneattẹt
3rd person nomenis nomeneaskkạ nomeneasẹt

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin nōmen.


nomen n (definite singular nomenet, indefinite plural nomen, definite plural nomena)

  1. (grammar) noun (i.e. nouns and adjectives)
  2. (grammar, newer) noun (i.e. nouns, adjectives, pronouns (and partially also numerals and infinitive forms of verbs))
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse numinn, past participle of nema. Compare with Norwegian Bokmål nummen.


nomen (neuter nome or noment, definite singular and plural nomne, comparative nomnare, indefinite superlative nomnast, definite superlative nomnaste)

  1. numb
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