cognomen

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin cognōmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /kɒɡˈnoʊ.mən/
  • Hyphenation: cog‧no‧men

Noun[edit]

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cognomen (plural cognomens or cognomina)

  1. surname
  2. (historical) the third part of the name of a citizen of ancient Rome
  3. a nickname or epithet by which someone is identified; a byname; a moniker or sobriquet

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From com- (together, with) +‎ nōmen (name). The g is from false association with cognōscō (recognize).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cōgnōmen n (genitive cōgnōminis); third declension

  1. surname
  2. third part of a formal name
  3. an additional name derived from some characteristic

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cōgnōmen cōgnōmina
genitive cōgnōminis cōgnōminum
dative cōgnōminī cōgnōminibus
accusative cōgnōmen cōgnōmina
ablative cōgnōmine cōgnōminibus
vocative cōgnōmen cōgnōmina

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • cognomen in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cognomen in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “cognomen”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • cognomen” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • cognomen in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cognomen in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin