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From Middle French épithète, from Latin epithetum, epitheton, from Ancient Greek ἐπίθετον (epítheton, “epithet, adjective”), the neuter of ἐπίθετος (epíthetos, “additional”), from ἐπιτίθημι (epitíthēmi, “to add on”), from ἐπι- (epi-, “in addition”) + τίθημι (títhēmi, “to put”) (suf. possibly related to title in the sense of "ascribed appellation") (from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (“to put, to do”)).
|Examples (term to characterize)|
|Examples (mythology: qualifier designating an aspect of a deity)|
|Examples (descriptive substitute)|
|Examples (biology: part of scientific name of plants, fungi and bacteria)|
epithet (plural epithets)
- A term used to characterize a person or thing.
- 1831, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], chapter VII, in Romance and Reality. […], volume III, London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, […], →OCLC, page 130:
- She would lean her head for hours on Beatrice's shoulder, only now and then applying to her some childish and endearing epithet.
- (mythology) A term used as a qualifier of the name of a deity in order to designate said deity in a particular aspect or role.
- A term used as a descriptive substitute for the name or title of a person.
- One of many formulaic words or phrases used in the Iliad and Odyssey to characterize a person, a group of people, or a thing.
- An abusive or contemptuous word or phrase.
- 2006, Eric L. Goldstein, The Price of Whiteness: Jews, Race, and American Identity:
- Part of this process was the elaboration of new terms for the Jew, especially the increasingly popular epithet “kike”.
- (taxonomy) A word in the scientific name of a taxon following the name of the genus or species. This applies only to formal names of plants, fungi and bacteria. In formal names of animals the corresponding term is the specific name.
- (descriptive substitute): cognomen
term used to characterize a person or thing
term used as a descriptive substitute for the name or title of a person
abusive or contemptuous word or phrase
word in the scientific name of a taxon following the name of the genus or species
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
epithet (third-person singular simple present epithets, present participle epitheting, simple past and past participle epitheted)
- (transitive) To term; to refer to as.
- He was epitheted "the king of fools".
- English terms derived from Middle French
- English terms derived from Latin
- English terms derived from Ancient Greek
- Ancient Greek terms prefixed with ἐπι-
- English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European
- English 3-syllable words
- English terms with IPA pronunciation
- English terms with audio links
- English lemmas
- English nouns
- English countable nouns
- English terms with quotations
- English verbs
- English transitive verbs
- English terms with usage examples