bacteria

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See also: Bacteria, bactéria, and bacterià

English[edit]

scanning electron micrograph of E. coli bacteria

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Irregular plural of bacterium from New Latin bactēria.

Noun[edit]

bacteria

  1. plural of bacterium

Noun[edit]

bacteria (plural bacterias)

  1. (US) A type, species, or strain of bacterium.
    • 2002, A.C. Panchdhari, Water Supply and Sanitary Installations[1], 2nd ed. edition, →ISBN, page 177:
      Anaerobic bacteria function in the absence of oxygen, where as aerobic bacteria require sunlight and also oxygen. Both these bacterias are capable of breaking down the organic matter []
  2. (US, proscribed) Alternative form of bacterium.
  3. (derogatory, slang) Lowlife, slob (could be treated as plural or singular).
Usage notes[edit]
  • This is the plural form of the word. While it is often used as if it were singular (as a collective noun), this is considered nonstandard by some in the US and more elsewhere. See the usage examples under bacterium.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From New Latin bactēria, from Ancient Greek βακτηρίᾱ (baktēríā, rod, stick).

Noun[edit]

bacteria (plural bacteriae)

  1. (dated, medicine) An oval bacterium, as distinguished from a spherical coccus or rod-shaped bacillus.

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Noun[edit]

bacteria f (plural bacterias)

  1. bacterium

Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

bactēria

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of bactērium

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From New Latin bacteria, plural of bactērium, from Ancient Greek βακτήριον (baktḗrion).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /baɡˈteɾja/, [baɣ̞ˈt̪e.ɾja]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

bacteria f (plural bacterias)

  1. bacterium

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From New Latin bactēria, plural of bactērium, from Ancient Greek βακτήριον (baktḗrion).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bacteria m pl (singulative bacteriwm)

  1. bacteria

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bacteria facteria macteria unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.