abusive

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the 1530s. From French abusif, from Latin abūsīvus,[1] from abusus + -ivus (-ive).[2] Equivalent to abuse +‎ -ive.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

abusive (comparative more abusive, superlative most abusive)

  1. Prone to treat someone badly by coarse, insulting words or other maltreatment; vituperative; reproachful; scurrilous. [First attested in the early 17th century.][3]
    All they could ever do was to shout abusive inanities at me and my colleagues.
  2. (obsolete) Tending to deceive; fraudulent. [Attested only from the early to mid 17th century.][3]
    • 1623, Francis Bacon, A Discourse of a War with Spain
      an abusive treaty
  3. (archaic) Tending to misuse; practising or containing abuse. [First attested in the late 16th century.][3]
    • 1589, Thomas Nashe, The Anatomy of Absurdity:
      [] to begin in this vacation the foundation of a trifling subject which might shroud in his leaves the abusive enormities of these our times.
    • 1837, Henry Hallam, Introduction to the Literature of Europe:
      the abusive prerogatives of his see
  4. Being physically or emotionally injurious; characterized by repeated violence or other abuse.
  5. Wrongly used; perverted; misapplied; unjust; illegal. [First attested in the mid 16th century.][3]
    • 1662, Thomas Fuller, Worthies of England:
      I am [] necessitated to use the word Parliament improperly, according to the abusive acceptation thereof.
  6. (archaic) Catachrestic. [First attested in the mid 16th century.][3]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Laurence Urdang (editor), The Random House College Dictionary (Random House, 1984 [1975], →ISBN), page 6
  2. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], →ISBN), page 8
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 “abusive”, in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 10.

French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

abusive

  1. feminine singular of abusif

Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

abusive

  1. feminine plural of abusivo

Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

abūsīve

  1. vocative masculine singular of abūsīvus

References[edit]