ainmm

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Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Primitive Irish ᚐᚅᚋ (anm), from Proto-Celtic *anman, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥ (name).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ainmm n (genitive anmae, nominative plural anman)

  1. name
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 24a38
      Ní epur a n-anman sund.
      I do not mention their names here.
    • c. 850, Carlsruhe Glosses on St Augustine’s Soliloquia, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. 2, pp. 1–9, Acr. 14a2
      Bés as·bera-su as n‑ai⟨n⟩m dosom animus ci at·bela.
      Maybe you would say that animus is its name though it may die.
  2. reputation, repute, renown
  3. (grammar) noun
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 211b6
      ind anme fil ina chomṡuidigud
      of the noun that is a compound
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 27a9
      nibí dechor etir diall n-anmannpronominum
      there is no difference between the declension of nouns and pronouns

Declension[edit]

Neuter n-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ainmmN ainmmN anmanL, anmann
Vocative ainmmN ainmmN anmanL, anmann
Accusative ainmmN ainmmN anmanL, anmann
Genitive anmae anmanN, anmann anmanN, anmann
Dative anmaimL anmanaib anmanaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Irish: ainm
    • Irish: ainm
    • Manx: ennym
    • Scottish Gaelic: ainm

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ainmm unchanged n-ainmm
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]