ainm

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ainmm,[1] from Primitive Irish ᚐᚅᚋ (anm), from Proto-Celtic *anman, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥ (name).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ainm m or f (genitive singular ainm or ainme, nominative plural ainmneacha or ainmne or ainmneanna)

  1. name
  2. reputation
  3. (grammar) noun

Usage notes[edit]

  • When applied to a person, ainm can signify either the whole name or specifically the first name, the word for surname being sloinne, hence the common phrase ainm agus sloinne (first name and last name). The terms ainm baiste (baptismal name) and céadainm (first name) can also be used to indicate the first name specifically as opposed to the surname.

Declension[edit]

Alternative declension, feminine

Alternative plural forms: ainmne, ainmneanna

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
ainm n-ainm hainm t-ainm
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “ainmm”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
  2. ^ Finck, F. N. (1899) Die araner mundart (in German), volume II, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, page 25
  3. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, § 89, page 36

Further reading[edit]

Middle Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ainmm, from Primitive Irish ᚐᚅᚋ (anm), from Proto-Celtic *anman, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥ (name).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ainm n or m

  1. name
    • c. 1000, “The Tale of Mac Da Thó's Pig”, in Ernst Windisch, editor, Irische Texte, volume 1, published 1800, section 1:
      Boí rí amra for Laignib, .i. Mac Dathó a ainm.
      There was a wonderful king over Leinster; Mac Dathó was his name.

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: ainm
  • Manx: ennym
  • Scottish Gaelic: ainm

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ainm unchanged n-ainm
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

Old Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ainm n

  1. Alternative spelling of ainmm (name)

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ainm unchanged n-ainm
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ainmm n, from Primitive Irish ᚐᚅᚋ (anm), from Proto-Celtic *anman, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥ (name).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛnɛm/, /ˈanam/
  • (Acharacle, Sutherland) IPA(key): /ˈɛɾʲɛm/ (as if spelled airm)

Noun[edit]

ainm m (genitive singular ainme, plural ainmean or ainmeannan)

  1. name
    Dè an t-ainm a th’ oirbh?What is your name?
  2. denomination
  3. title

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Edward Dwelly (1911), “ainm”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “ainmm”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language