و

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See also: ؤ
27-Waw.svg
و U+0648, و
ARABIC LETTER WAW
ه
[U+0647]
Arabic ى
[U+0649]
U+FEED, ﻭ
ARABIC LETTER WAW ISOLATED FORM

[U+FEEC]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEEE]
U+FEEE, ﻮ
ARABIC LETTER WAW FINAL FORM

[U+FEED]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEEF]

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /waːw/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /w/, /uː/, silent (in Classical Arabic)
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /w/, /u(ː)/, /oː/ (in Arabic dialects and loanwords)

Letter[edit]

و / ‍و (wāw)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by ه(h) and followed by ي(y).

Symbol[edit]

و / ‍و (wāw)

  1. The sixth letter in traditional abjad order, which is used in place of numerals for list numbering (abjad numerals). It is preceded by ه(h) and followed by ز(z).

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *wa. Cognate with Hebrew וְ־(wə-).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /wa/ (MSA)
  • IPA(key): /wɪ/, /w/ (dialectal)
  • (file)

Conjunction[edit]

وَ (wa)

  1. and, "comma", "semi-colon"; a divider of words or clauses, particle of connection or continuation often unnecessary to render in translation
    1. yet, but; versatile conjunction determined by context
  2. while, at the same time, and also do, simultaneously, to do this and to do that concurrently
    لَا تَأْكُلِ السَّمَكَ وَتَشْرَبَ اللَّبَنَ‎ ― lā taʾkuli s-samaka wa-tašraba l-labanaDo not eat fish and drink dairy; (Proverb about illnesses coming from bad combinations; originally the supposed increased risk of contracting leprosy, a myth stemming from fish scales and the white color of milk.)
    لَا تَنْهَ عَنْ خُلُقٍ وَتَأْتِيَ مِثْلَهُ‎ ― lā tanha ʿan ḵuluqin wa-taʾtiya miṯlahuDo not say to stay away from a behavior, while you come with the likes of it; (Practice what you preach.)
  3. particle of rephrasing or marking a clause of adposition; and in other words, that is to say, additionally called, i.e.
  4. with, and also, additionally (with following accusative)
    1. (mathematics) +, added to
  5. particle denoting an oath (with following genitive)
    وَٱللّٰهِ‎ ― wa-llāhiBy God; And I swear by God
Usage notes[edit]
  • Arabic conjunctions and prepositions that have only one letter, such as وَ (wa), are written as a prefix.
    • The connection to the following word may however exceptionally be cut off by quotation marks enclosing foreign terms, emoji and similar intrusions of meta elements in the language of the internet.
    • Sometimes editions of Arabic texts procured in Iran do not adhere to the rules, instead following the non-joining practice of Persian و(va, o, and).
  • Arabic tends to use the conjunctions وَ (wa) and أَو(ʾaw, or) between every conjunct in a list, contrasting with the English tendency to only use and and or between the final two.
    كُتُب وَطُرُود وَأَوْرَاق‎‎
    kutub wa-ṭurūd wa-ʾawrāq
    books, parcels, and papers
    (literally, “books and parcels and papers”)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

وَ (wa) (with a following accusative)

  1. with
    سِرْتُ وَطُلُوعَ الْفَجْرِ‎ ― sirtu wa-ṭulūʿa l-fajriI got out with sunrise.
    أَنَا وَإيّاكُم‎ ― ʾanā wa-ʾiyyākumI with you

Etymology 4[edit]

Interfix[edit]

ـَوـ (-aw-)

  1. interfix used in forming nisba (relative) adjectives, particularly with short bases, inserted between the base noun and the ending ِـيّ(-iyy), e.g. لُغَوِيّ(luḡawiyy, linguistic), based on لُغَة(luḡa, language), or ثَانَوِيّ(ṯānawiyy, secondary), based on ثَانٍ(ṯānin, second).

Central Kurdish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

و (û)

  1. and

Chagatai[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

و ()

  1. and

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /waːw/
  • (phonemes): IPA(key): /w/, /uː/, /oː/, /u/

Letter[edit]

و / ‍و (wāw)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by ه(h) and followed by ي(y).

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic وَ(wa, and).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

و (u-)

  1. and

Kashmiri[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /waːw/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /w/, /oː/

Letter[edit]

و (v)

  1. The thirty-ninth letter of the traditional alphabet chart of Kashmiri.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form
و ـو

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ن(n)
  • Next letter: ہ(h)

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic О, о/Ө, ө
Arabic و

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /waw/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /o/ (back)
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /œ/ (front)

Letter[edit]

و (o, ö)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Kazakh in Arabic Script. It represents the Cyrillic letter О or Ө.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form
و ـو

See also[edit]

  • ٶ
  • Previous letter: ھ
  • Next letter: ۇ

Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
و
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [wau̯]
  • (Phoneme, Consonant) IPA(key): [w]
  • (Phoneme, Consonant, Syllable initial, obsolete) IPA(key): [w], [v]
  • (Phoneme, Consonant, Syllable final, obsolete) IPA(key): [w], [f]
  • (Phoneme, Vowel) IPA(key): [u], [o], [ɔ]
  • (Phoneme, Vowel, Closed ultima) IPA(key): [o], [ɔ]

Letter[edit]

و / ‍و

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Arabic script.

See also[edit]


North Levantine Arabic[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـو (-o/-um

  1. Alternative spelling of ـه after a consonant

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Letter[edit]

و (vav)

  1. A letter of the Ottoman Turkish alphabet.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic وَ(wa).

Conjunction[edit]

و (ve)

  1. and
Descendants[edit]
  • Turkish: ve

References[edit]


Pashto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

و (wâw)

  1. The thirty-eighth letter of the Pashto alphabet.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form
و ـو

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ڼ
  • Next letter: ه

Persian[edit]

Letter[edit]

و / وـ / ـوـ / ـو (vâv)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Perso-Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by ن‎ and followed by ه‎. Its name is واو‎.

See also[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭠𐭥𐭣(ʾʿd /ud/), 𐭠𐭥(ʾʿ /u/); from Old Persian 𐎢𐎫𐎠 (u-t-a /utā/, and), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *(H)utá, from *(H)u, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂u. Presumed to be influenced by and to some degree conflated with Arabic وَ(wa).

Pronunciation[edit]

(predominant in context)

(predominant after a pause)

Conjunction[edit]

Dari و
Iranian Persian
Tajik у, ва (u, va)

و (o, va)

  1. and
    21st century, Mohammad Farrokhi Yazdi
    گر چه جیب و جام من از مال و مِی تُهیست.
    Gar če jib o jām-e man az māl o mey tohist.
    Although my pocket and my cup are empty of money and wine.
Usage notes[edit]
  • The Persian و (va) conjunction is not commonly joined to the following word in (contemporary) spelling.

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

و (-o)

  1. (colloquial, Iranian Persian, Iran) Shortened form of رو(ro); both are spoken forms of را().
    دستت‍‍و بلند کن.
    Dasteto boland kon.
    Raise your hand.

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic وَ(wa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

و (w-)

  1. and
  2. when, while
    Synonym: لما(lamma)
    مبيّن إنّك مبسوط وإنتا بتعلّم.‎‎
    mbayyen ʔinnak mabsūṭ w-inta bitʕallem
    It's clear that you're happy when you're teaching.
Usage notes[edit]
  • The pronunciation varies by phonological context. It becomes u- before a single consonant (optional if the preceding word ends in a vowel) and we- before a consonant cluster.

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـو (-om

  1. Alternative spelling of ـه(he, him, his) after a consonant

Etymology 3[edit]

Suffix[edit]

ـو (-o)

  1. attached to kinship terms in order to form terms of endearment
    جدّ(jidd, grandfather)جدّو(jiddo, grandpa)
    عمّة(ʕamme, aunt)عمتو(ʕamto, auntie)

Tunisian Arabic[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

و‎ (u)

  1. and
    حَاجْتِي بْقْلَمْ وكَرّاسَة‎ ― ḥājtī b-qlam u karrāsaI need a pencil and a copy-book.

Urdu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ʋɑːʋ/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ʋ/, /uː/, /oː/, /ɔː/

Letter[edit]

و (vāv)

  1. The thirty-third letter of the Urdu abjad.
Forms[edit]
Isolated form Final form
و ـو
See also[edit]
  • Previous letter: ں
  • Next letter: ہ

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Persian و‎.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

و (va, o) (Hindi spelling )

  1. and

Yoruba[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

و (w)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Yoruba alphabet in the ajami Script.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form
و ـو

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: اُ
  • Next letter: ي