علم

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See also: غلم and ع ل م

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ع ل م (ʿ-l-m).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَلِمَ (ʿalima) I, non-past يَعْلَمُ‎ (yaʿlamu)

  1. to know, to have knowledge, to be cognizant, to be aware
  2. to be informed, to be familiar, to be acquainted
  3. to perceive, to discern, to find out, to learn
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَلَّمَ (ʿallama) II, non-past يُعَلِّمُ‎ (yuʿallimu)

  1. (ditransitive) to teach, to instruct, to train, to educate
  2. (transitive) to designate, to mark, to earmark
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عِلْم (ʿilmm (plural عُلُوم (ʿulūm))

  1. verbal noun of عَلِمَ (ʿalima) (form I)
  2. knowledge, learning, lore
  3. cognition, acquaintance
  4. information
  5. perception, knowledge
  6. (plural عُلُوم (ʿulūm)) science
    • الْعُلُوم (al-ʿulūm) — the natural sciences
  7. ilm
Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَلَم (ʿalamm (plural أَعْلَام (ʾaʿlām))

  1. sign, token, mark, badge
  2. harelip
  3. road sign, guidepost
  4. flag, banner
  5. authority, luminary, star, personage, distinguished man
Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عٰلَم (ʿālamm

  1. Classical Arabic form of عَالَم (ʿālam)

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “علم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-003-4

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic عِلْم (ʿilm).

Noun[edit]

علم ('elm) (plural علوم ('olum))

  1. science
  2. knowledge
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic عَلَم (ʿalam).

Noun[edit]

علم ('alam) (plural علم‌ها ('alam-hâ))

  1. flag
  2. standard (flag)
  3. banner
Synonyms[edit]

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic عِلْم (ʿilm).

Noun[edit]

علم ('ilmm (Hindi spelling इल्म)

  1. knowledge, learning
  2. literature

Noun[edit]

علم ('alamm (Hindi spelling अलम)

  1. mark, sign, decoration
  2. spear
  3. (geometry) gnomon
  4. (grammar) proper noun