علم

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See also: غلمand ع ل م

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ع ل م(ʕ-l-m).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَلِمَ (ʕalima) I, non-past يَعْلَمُ‎‎ (yaʕlamu)

  1. (transitive) to know, to have knowledge, to be cognizant, to be aware
  2. to be informed, to be familiar, to be acquainted
  3. to perceive, to discern, to find out, to learn
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَلَّمَ (ʕallama) II, non-past يُعَلِّمُ‎‎ (yuʕallimu)

  1. (ditransitive) to teach, to instruct, to train, to educate
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 26:49:
      إِنَّهُ لَكَبِيرُكُمُ الَّذِي عَلَّمَكُمُ السِّحْرَ فَلَسَوْفَ تَعْلَمُونَ
      ʔinnahu lakabīrukumu allaḏī ʕallamakumu as-siḥra falasawfa taʕlamūna
      He is indeed your chief who has taught you magic! Soon you will know!
  2. (transitive) to designate, to mark, to earmark
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʕilm/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

عِلْم (ʕilmm (plural عُلُوم(ʕulūm))

  1. verbal noun of عَلِمَ (ʕalima) (form I)
  2. knowledge, learning, lore
  3. cognition, acquaintance
  4. information
  5. perception, knowledge
  6. (plural عُلُوم(ʕulūm)) science
    الْعُلُوم
    al-ʕulūm
    the natural sciences
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Bengali: এলেম (elem)
  • Nogai: илми (ilmi)
  • Ottoman Turkish: عالم(ʿilm, ʿilim)
    > Turkish: ilim (inherited)
  • Tatar: гыйлем (ğıylem)
  • Persian: علم('elm)
  • Urdu: علم('elm)

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَلَم (ʕalamm (plural أَعْلَام(ʔaʕlām))

  1. sign, token, mark, badge
  2. harelip
  3. road sign, guidepost
  4. flag, banner
  5. authority, luminary, star, personage, distinguished man
  6. a mountain
    أَشْهَرُ مِنْ نَارٍ عَلَى عَلَم‎‎ ― ʔašharu min nārin ʕalā ʕalamvery famous (literally, “more famous than a fire on a mountain”)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 42:32:
      وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ ٱلْجَوَارِ فِي ٱلْبَحْرِ كَٱلْأَعْلَامِ‎‎
      wamin ʔāyātihi l-jawāri fī l-baḥri kal-ʔaʕlāmi
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  7. (grammar, linguistics) proper noun
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Ottoman Turkish: عالم(ʿalam, ʿalem)
    > Turkish: alem (inherited)

Etymology 5[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عٰلَم (ʕālamm

  1. Classical Arabic form of عَالَم(ʕālam)

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “علم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic عِلْم(ʕilm).

Pronunciation[edit]

(phonemic)

(phonetic)

Noun[edit]

Dari علم
Iranian Persian
Tajik илм (ilm)

علم ('elm) (plural علوم('olum))

  1. science (knowledge via the scientific method)
  2. knowledge, science
    Synonym: دانش(dâneš)
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic عَلَم(ʕalam).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

علم ('alam) (plural علم‌ها('alam-hâ))

  1. flag
  2. standard (flag)
  3. banner
Synonyms[edit]

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ع ل م

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic عَلَّمَ(ʕallama).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʕal.lam/, [ˈʕal.lam]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

علّم (ʕallam) (form II, present بعلّم(biʕallem))

  1. to teach
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of علّم (ʕallam)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m علّمت (ʕallamt) علّمت (ʕallamt) علّم (ʕallam) علّمنا (ʕallamna) علّمتو (ʕallamtu) علّمو (ʕallamu)
f علّمتي (ʕallamti) علّمت (ʕallamat)
present m بعلّم (baʕallem) بتعلّم (bitʕallem) بعلّم (biʕallem) منعلّم (minʕallem) بتعلّمو (bitʕallmu) بعلّمو (biʕallmu)
f بتعلّمي (bitʕallmi) بتعلّم (bitʕallem)
subjunctive m اعلّم (aʕallem) تعلّم (tʕallem) يعلّم (yʕallem) نعلّم (nʕallem) تعلّمو (tʕallmu) يعلّمو (yʕallmu)
f تعلّمي (tʕallmi) تعلّم (tʕallem)
imperative m علّم (ʕallem) علّمو (ʕallmu)
f علّمي (ʕallmi)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic عِلْم(ʕilm).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʕilm/, [ˈʕɪ.l(ɪ)m]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

علم (ʕilmm (plural علوم(ʕulūm))

  1. knowledge, science
    Synonym: معرفة(maʕrife)
    على علمي‎‎ ― ʕala ʕilmias far as I know

Etymology 3[edit]

From Arabic عَلَم(ʕalam).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʕa.lam/, [ˈʕa.lam]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

علم (ʕalamm (plural أعلام(ʾaʕlām))

  1. flag

Urdu[edit]

Urdu Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ur

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic عِلْم(ʕilm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

علم ('ilmm (Hindi spelling इल्म)

  1. knowledge, learning
  2. literature

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic عَلَم(ʕalam).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

علم ('alamm (Hindi spelling अलम)

  1. mark, sign, decoration
  2. spear
  3. (geometry) gnomon
  4. (grammar) proper noun