علم

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See also: غلم and ع ل م

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ⁧ع ل م(ʕ-l-m).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَلِمَ (ʕalima) I, non-pastيَعْلَمُ⁩‎ (yaʕlamu)

  1. (transitive) to know, to have knowledge, to be cognizant, to be aware
  2. to be informed, to be familiar, to be acquainted
  3. to perceive, to discern, to find out, to learn
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَلَّمَ (ʕallama) II, non-pastيُعَلِّمُ⁩‎ (yuʕallimu)

  1. (ditransitive) to teach, to instruct, to train, to educate
    المعلم يعلم الطلاب الرياضيات.
    Al-muʕallim yuʕallimu at-ṭullāb ar-riyāḍiyyāt.
    The teacher teaches the students mathematics.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 26:49:
      إِنَّهُ لَكَبِيرُكُمُ الَّذِي عَلَّمَكُمُ السِّحْرَ فَلَسَوْفَ تَعْلَمُونَ
      ʔinnahu lakabīrukumu allaḏī ʕallamakumu as-siḥra falasawfa taʕlamūna
      He is indeed your chief who has taught you magic! Soon you will know!
  2. (transitive) to designate, to mark, to earmark
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʕilm/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

عِلْم (ʕilmm (pluralعُلُوم(ʕulūm))

  1. verbal noun of عَلِمَ(ʕalima) (form I)
  2. knowledge, learning, lore
  3. cognition, acquaintance
  4. information
  5. perception, knowledge
  6. (plural ⁧عُلُوم(ʕulūm)) science
    الْعُلُوم
    al-ʕulūm
    the natural sciences
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَلَم (ʕalamm (pluralأَعْلَام(ʔaʕlām))

  1. sign, token, mark, badge
  2. harelip
  3. road sign, guidepost
  4. flag, banner
  5. authority, luminary, star, personage, distinguished man
  6. a mountain
    أَشْهَرُ مِنْ نَارٍ عَلَى عَلَم⁩ ― ʔašharu min nārin ʕalā ʕalamvery famous (literally, “more famous than a fire on a mountain”)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 42:32:
      وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ ٱلْجَوَارِ فِي ٱلْبَحْرِ كَٱلْأَعْلَامِ
      wamin ʔāyātihi l-jawāri fī l-baḥri kal-ʔaʕlāmi
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  7. (grammar, linguistics) proper noun
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Ottoman Turkish: ⁧علم(ʿalam, ʿalem)
    > Turkish: alem (inherited)

Etymology 5[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عٰلَم (ʕālamm

  1. Classical Arabic form of عَالَم(ʕālam)

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “علم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Gulf Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabicعَلَم(ʕalam).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَلَم (ʕalamm (before il-عَلَم(ʕalam), pluralاَعْلام(aʕlām))

  1. flag, banner, standard

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabicعِلْم(ʕilm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عِلْم (ʕilmm (pluralعُلوم(ʕulūm))

  1. science, knowledge

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
علم
Wikipedia fa

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicعِلْم(ʕilm).

Pronunciation[edit]

(phonemic)

 

Readings
Classical reading? ilm
Dari reading? ilm
Iranian reading? elm
Tajik reading? ilm

(phonetic)

Noun[edit]

Dari علم
Iranian Persian
Tajik илм

عِلْم ('elm) (pluralعلوم('olum))

  1. science (knowledge via the scientific method)
  2. knowledge, science
    Synonym:دانش(dâneš)
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • عالم('âlem, knowledgeable)
  • معلم(mo'allem, teacher)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicعَلَم(ʕalam).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? alam
Dari reading? alam
Iranian reading? alam
Tajik reading? alam

Noun[edit]

عَلَم ('alam) (pluralعلم‌ها('alam-hâ))

  1. flag
  2. standard (flag)
  3. banner
Synonyms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ع ل م
7 terms

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabicعَلَّمَ(ʕallama).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʕal.lam/, [ˈʕal.lam]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

علّم (ʕallam) II (presentبعلّم(biʕallem))

  1. to teach
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of ⁧علّم(ʕallam)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m علّمت⁩ (ʕallamt) علّمت⁩ (ʕallamt) علّم⁩ (ʕallam) علّمنا⁩ (ʕallamna) علّمتو⁩ (ʕallamtu) علّمو⁩ (ʕallamu)
f علّمتي⁩ (ʕallamti) علّمت⁩ (ʕallamat)
present m بعلّم⁩ (baʕallem) بتعلّم⁩ (bitʕallem) بعلّم⁩ (biʕallem) منعلّم⁩ (minʕallem) بتعلّمو⁩ (bitʕallmu) بعلّمو⁩ (biʕallmu)
f بتعلّمي⁩ (bitʕallmi) بتعلّم⁩ (bitʕallem)
subjunctive m اعلّم⁩ (aʕallem) تعلّم⁩ (tʕallem) يعلّم⁩ (yʕallem) نعلّم⁩ (nʕallem) تعلّمو⁩ (tʕallmu) يعلّمو⁩ (yʕallmu)
f تعلّمي⁩ (tʕallmi) تعلّم⁩ (tʕallem)
imperative m علّم⁩ (ʕallem) علّمو⁩ (ʕallmu)
f علّمي⁩ (ʕallmi)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabicعِلْم(ʕilm).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʕilm/, [ˈʕɪ.l(ɪ)m]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

علم (ʕilmm (pluralعلوم(ʕulūm))

  1. knowledge, science
    Synonym:معرفة(maʕrife)
    على علمي⁩ ― ʕala ʕilmias far as I know

Etymology 3[edit]

From Arabicعَلَم(ʕalam).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʕa.lam/, [ˈʕa.lam]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

علم (ʕalamm (pluralأعلام(ʾaʕlām))

  1. flag

Urdu[edit]

Urdu Wikipedia has an article on:
علم
Wikipedia ur

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicعِلْم(ʕilm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عِلْم ('ilmm (Hindi spelling इल्म)

  1. knowledge, learning
  2. literature

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicعَلَم(ʕalam).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَلَم ('alamm (Hindi spelling अलम)

  1. mark, sign, decoration
  2. spear
  3. (geometry) gnomon
  4. (grammar) proper noun