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- (transitive) To teach by giving instructions.
- c. 1603–1604, William Shakespeare, “Measvre for Measure”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene iii]:
- Supply me with the habit and instruct me
How I may formally in person bear me
Like a true friar.
- 1682, Aphra Behn, The False Count, London: Jacob Tonson, Act III, Scene 2, p. 33,
- What a dishonour’s this, to me, to have so Dull a Father, that needs to be instructed in his Duty.
- 1751, Samuel Johnson, The Rambler, No. 156, 14 September, 1751, in Volume 5, London: J. Payne and J. Bouquet, 1752, p. 177,
- […] the design of tragedy is to instruct by moving the passions,
- 1974, Robert M[aynard] Pirsig, chapter 29, in Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance: An Inquiry into Values, New York, N.Y.: William Morrow & Company, →ISBN, part 4, page 353:
- At the Laundromat I instruct Chris on how to operate the drier, start the washing machines […]
- (transitive) To tell (someone) what they must or should do.
- Synonyms: command, direct, order
- Usage note: "instruct" is less forceful than "order", but weightier than "advise"
- The doctor instructed me to keep my arm immobilised and begin physiotherapy.
teach, give instruction
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
instruct (plural instructs)
instruct (not comparable)
- (obsolete) Arranged; furnished; provided.
- (obsolete) Instructed; taught; enlightened.