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U+6559, 教
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6559

[U+6558]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+655A]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
11 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 66 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十木人大 (JDOK), four-corner 48440, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 472, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13213
  • Dae Jaweon: page 823, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1459, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6559

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.
alt. forms
𧧿
𤕝

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
教-oracle.svg 教-bronze.svg 教-bigseal.svg 教-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraːw, *kraːws): phonetic  (OC *ɢraːw, divination) + semantic  (child) + semantic  (teaching cane) – teaching a child counting or divination.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: gaau1 - rare.
Note:
  • kà - vernacular;
  • kàu - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠau/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚau/
Shao
Rongfen
/kau/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨw/
Li
Rong
/kau/
Wang
Li
/kau/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kau/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæw ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.[k]ˤraw/
English teach

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 14642
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːw/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to teach; to instruct
    /   ―  Wǒ lái jiāo nǐ.  ―  Let me teach you.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • kà - vernacular (“to tell someone to do something”);
  • kàu - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠauH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚauH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kauH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨwH/
Li
Rong
/kauH/
Wang
Li
/kauH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kauH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiào
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.kˤraw-s/
English teaching; instruction

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14643
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːws/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to provide guidance; to instruct
  2. (obsolete or Min Nan) to tell (someone to do something); to let; to instruct
  3. etiquette; rules; customs
  4. religion; faith; religious teachings
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to teach; teachings

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
きょう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

/keu//kjoː/

From Middle Chinese (/kˠau/, to teach, to instruct).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana きょう, rōmaji kyō, historical hiragana けう)

  1. teaching
Usage notes[edit]

Only used in kanji compounds. Never used in isolation with this reading.

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana きょう, rōmaji -kyō, historical hiragana けう)

  1. -ism (religion)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
さとし
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From either the classical 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) satoshi of modern adjective 聡い (satoi, clever, sharp-witted), or the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) satoshi of cognate verb 諭す (satosu, to admonish, persuade, remonstrate → to redirect into a smarter direction).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana さとし, rōmaji Satoshi)

  1. A male given name

References[edit]

  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyo) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kyo, Yale kyo)

  1. teach
  2. class

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giáo, dáo, ráu, tráo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.