Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+6559, 教
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6559

[U+6558]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+655A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
11 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 66, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十木人大 (JDOK), four-corner 48440, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 472, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13213
  • Dae Jaweon: page 823, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1459, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6559

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.
variant forms
𧧿
𤕝

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
教-oracle.svg 教-bronze.svg 教-seal.svg 教-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraːw, *kraːws): phonetic  (OC *ɢraːw, divination) + semantic  (child) + semantic  (teaching cane) – teaching a child counting or divination.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: gaau1 - rare.
Note:
  • kà - vernacular;
  • kàu - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠau/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚau/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kau/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨw/
    Li
    Rong
    /kau/
    Wang
    Li
    /kau/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kau/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiāo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiāo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kæw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s.[k]ˤraw/
    English teach

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 14642
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kraːw/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to teach; to instruct
      /   ―  Wǒ lái jiāo nǐ.  ―  Let me teach you.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Note:
    • kà - vernacular (“to tell someone to do something”);
    • kàu - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠauH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚauH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kauH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kauH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kauH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kauH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiào
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kæwH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s.kˤraw-s/
    English teaching; instruction

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14643
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kraːws/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to provide guidance; to instruct
    2. (obsolete or Min Nan) to tell (someone to do something); to let; to instruct
    3. etiquette; rules; customs
    4. religion; faith; religious teachings
    5. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. to teach; teachings

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    きょう
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    /keu//kjoː/

    From Middle Chinese (MC kˠau, kˠauH, “to teach, to instruct”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (hiragana きょう, rōmaji kyō, historical hiragana けう)

    1. teaching
    Usage notes[edit]

    Only used in kanji compounds. Never used in isolation with this reading.

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana きょう, rōmaji -kyō, historical hiragana けう)

    1. -ism (religion)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    さとし
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    From either the classical 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) satoshi of modern adjective 聡い (satoi, clever, sharp-witted), or the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) satoshi of cognate verb 諭す (satosu, to admonish, persuade, remonstrate → to redirect into a smarter direction).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana さとし, rōmaji Satoshi)

    1. A male given name

    References[edit]

    • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gyo) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer kyo, Yale kyo)

    1. teach
    2. class

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (giáo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.