가르치다

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Korean[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᄅᆞ치〮다〮 (Yale: kòlòchítá), meaning "to point; to teach", presumably because a teacher points to what they teach. The verb split semantically after Middle Korean, so that 가르치다 no longer means "to point". Doublet of 가리키다 (garikida, to point), perhaps also related to 가락 (garak, “a thin, long object; finger”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gareuchida
Revised Romanization (translit.)?galeuchida
McCune–Reischauer?karŭch'ida
Yale Romanization?kalu.chita

Verb[edit]

가르치다 (gareuchida) (infinitive 가르쳐 or 가르치어, sequential 가르치니)

  1. (transitive) to teach
    수학 가르치는 선생님입니다.
    I bun-eun suhag-eul gareuchineun seonsaengnim-imnida.
    This person is a teacher who teaches math.
    Synonym: 교육하다 (gyoyukhada, to educate)
  2. (transitive) to inform, to tell about (usually benefactive with 주다 (juda))
    주소 전화번호 가르쳐 주세요.
    Juso-wa jeonhwabeonho-reul gareucheo juseyo.
    Could you tell me your address and phone number, please?
    Synonym: 알려 주다 (allyeo juda)
  3. (transitive) to send to school
  4. (transitive, obsolete) to point
    Synonym: 가리키다 (garikida)

Conjugation[edit]