가르치다

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Korean

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᄅᆞ치〮다〮 (Yale: kòlòchítá), meaning "to point; to teach," likely because teachers historically used pointing as a method of instruction. The semantic division of this verb occurred during Middle Korean, and 가르치다 no longer carries the sense of "to point." It may also be linked to the word 가락 (garak, “a thin, long object; finger”).

Pronunciation

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Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gareuchida
Revised Romanization (translit.)?galeuchida
McCune–Reischauer?karŭch'ida
Yale Romanization?kalu.chita

Verb

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가르치다 (gareuchida) (infinitive 가르쳐 or 가르치어, sequential 가르치니)

  1. (transitive) to teach
    Synonym: 교육하다 (gyoyukhada, to educate)
    -은 수학-을 가르치는 선생님-입니다.
    i bun-eun suhag-eul gareuchineun seonsaengnim-imnida.
    This person is a teacher who teaches math.
  2. (transitive) to inform, to tell about (usually benefactive with 주다 (juda))
    Synonym: 알려 주다 (allyeo juda)
    주소-와 전화번호-를 가르쳐 주세요.
    juso-wa jeonhwabeonho-reul gareucheo juseyo.
    Could you please tell me your address and phone number?
  3. (transitive) to send to school
  4. (transitive, obsolete) to point
    Synonym: 가리키다 (garikida)

Conjugation

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