- (General American) IPA(key): /ɪnˈfɔɹm/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɪnˈfɔːm/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɔː(ɹ)m
From Middle English informen, enformen, borrowed from Old French enformer, informer (“to train, instruct, inform”), from Latin īnfōrmō (“to shape, form, train, instruct, educate”), from in- (“into”) + fōrma (“form, shape”), equivalent to in- + form.
- enform (obsolete)
- (archaic, transitive) To instruct, train (usually in matters of knowledge).
- (transitive) To communicate knowledge to.
- 1591, Ed[mund] Sp[enser], “Prosopopoia. Or Mother Hubberds Tale.”, in Complaints. Containing Sundrie Small Poemes of the Worlds Vanitie. […], London: Imprinted for VVilliam Ponsonbie, […], OCLC 15537294:
- For he would learn their business secretly, / And then inform his master hastily.
- c. 1596–1598, William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene i]:
- I am informed thoroughly of the cause.
- (intransitive) To impart information or knowledge.
- To act as an informer; denounce.
- (transitive) To give form or character to; to inspire (with a given quality); to affect, influence (with a pervading principle, idea etc.).
- 2013 June 7, Gary Younge, “Hypocrisy lies at heart of Manning prosecution”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 26, page 18:
- WikiLeaks did not cause these uprisings but it certainly informed them. The dispatches revealed details of corruption and kleptocracy that many Tunisians suspected, but could not prove, and would cite as they took to the streets.
- His sense of religion informs everything he writes.
- (obsolete, intransitive) To make known, wisely and/or knowledgeably.
- (obsolete, transitive) To direct, guide.
- (archaic, intransitive) To take form; to become visible or manifest; to appear.
- c. 1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene i]:
- It is the bloody business which informs / Thus to mine eyes.
- (communicate knowledge to (trans.)): acquaint, apprise, notify; See also Thesaurus:inform
- (act as informer): dob, name names, peach, snitch; See also Thesaurus:rat out
- (take form): materialize, take shape; See also Thesaurus:come into being
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
inform (not comparable)
- Without regular form; shapeless; ugly; deformed.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Cotton to this entry?) "Bleak Crags, and naked Hills, And the whole Prospect so inform and rude." (C. Cotton, Wonders of Peake in Poetical Works (1765) 342)