上げる

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

上げる (transitive, ichidan conjugation, hiragana あげる, rōmaji ageru)

  1. to raise, to lift
  2. to give
     (いぬ)毎日 (まいにち)えさをあげてください。
    Inu ni mainichi esa o agete kudasai.
    Please feed the dog every day.
  3. to utter; to cry; to produce; to raise (a voice)
     () (めい) ()げる
    himei o ageru
    to shriek; to let out a scream
     () (せい) ()げる
    kisei o ageru
    to raise a strange cry

Conjugation[edit]

Usage note[edit]

Wikibooks has more about this subject:

Wikibooks

Japanese has an extensive vocabulary for giving and receiving. While 上げる is used for giving something to someone of equal or lower social standing,  () ()げる (sashiageru) is used for giving to someone of higher rank and やる (yaru) for giving to to a non-human or to someone of low rank. It is fairly common to use 上げる for giving something to a pet, especially in casual speech, but some speakers consider this usage nonstandard or incorrect.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.