|Kanji in this term|
- to raise, to lift
- to give
- Inu ni mainichi esa o agete kudasai.
- Please feed the dog every day.
- to utter; to cry; to produce; to raise (a voice)
- himei o ageru
- to shriek; to let out a scream
- kisei o ageru
- to raise a strange cry
Japanese has an extensive vocabulary for giving and receiving. While 上げる is used for giving something to someone of equal or lower social standing, 差し上げる (sashiageru) is used for giving to someone of higher rank and やる (yaru) for giving to to a non-human or to someone of low rank. It is fairly common to use 上げる for giving something to a pet, especially in casual speech, but some speakers consider this usage nonstandard or incorrect.
- くれる (kureru): to give (to the speaker, or someone close to the speaker, such as a family member)
- 貰う (morau): to receive
- 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.