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See also: and
U+72AC, 犬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72AC

[U+72AB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72AD]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
犬-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)

Although the alternative form clearly shows only three strokes, it is still counted as four strokes when using a Chinese dictionary. Compare from (water), from (hand), and from (heart), all of which are a 3-stroke form from a 4-stroke character.

Han character[edit]

(radical 94, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 戈大 (IK), four-corner 43030, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #94, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 705, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20234
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1118, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1331, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+72AC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
A dog (a Labrador)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
犬-bronze-shang.svg 犬-oracle.svg 犬-bronze.svg 犬-silk.svg 犬-seal.svg 犬-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋreːl, *rulʔ
*kʷeːnʔ
*kʷeːnʔ
*kljuns, *kʷeːnʔ
*kʰʷeːnʔ

Pictogram (象形) The side view of a dog.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-kʷəj-n (dog).

This common Sino-Tibetan word has been replaced by (OC *koːʔ) in most dialects except Min Dong, such as Fuzhou kēng. In other dialects, this word is mainly found in compounds and not used alone.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kiêng2 - Chaozhou;
  • kiang2 - Shantou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰyan²¹⁴/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰyan²¹³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰyan¹³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰyã⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕʰyã⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰyan⁵³/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰyã⁵³/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰyã⁵³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰyan⁵³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰyɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕyan⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰyɛn⁴²/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyan⁵³/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰian⁴²/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰiɛ̃⁵³/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕʰyen²¹²/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰyĩ²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰye¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰye̞⁵³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰye⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰyø³⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕʰiø⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰz̩ʷõ⁵³/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰy³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰye³⁵/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰyɛ³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰyẽ⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰyẽ⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰyɵn²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰian³¹/
    Taoyuan /kʰien³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hyn³⁵/
    Nanning /hyn³⁵/
    Hong Kong /hyn³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰian⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɛiŋ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰyiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuaŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xin³¹/
    /kau²¹³/ 訓狗

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (86)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰwenX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰʷenX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰuɛnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰwɛnX/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰuenX/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰiwenX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰiwenX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    quǎn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    quǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khwenX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷʰˁ[e][n]ʔ/
    English dog

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10736
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰʷeːnʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary, Min Dong, dialectal Wu) dog

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of (“dog”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Taxonomic name
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Harbin
    Jinan
    Muping 狗子
    Luoyang
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Xining
    Xuzhou
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan 狗子狗狗 childish來富 dated
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Guilin
    Liuzhou
    Yangzhou 狗子
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Nantong 狗子
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Shunde
    Foshan
    Zhongshan
    Dongguan
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan
    Doumen
    Kaiping
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Luchuan
    Changting
    Yudu 狗子
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 狗仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 狗仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 狗仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Sabah
    Senai
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan 狗兒
    Xinzhou
    Min Bei Jian'ou 狗仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou 犬囝
    Changle
    Fuqing
    Pingtan
    Yongtai
    Gutian
    Fu'an
    Ningde
    Shouning
    Zhouning
    Fuding
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan 狗仔
    Taichung
    Wuqi
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang
    Yilan
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila)
    Pingnan
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Pinghua Nanning
    Guilin
    Wu Shanghai 汪汪狗 childish
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou 𡀿𡀿 childish
    Chongming
    Danyang 狗子
    Jinhua
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Loudi
    Quanzhou

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. a dog
    2. the dog radical (いぬ)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    (inu): various kinds of dog.
    Kanji in this term
    いぬ
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Derivation uncertain. Various theories exist, including derivation from ancient verb 往ぬ (inu, to leave, to be gone), from the way a dog will guard the house while the master is away; from a compound of (ie, house, home) + (nu, to sleep, ancient monosyllabic form of modern 寝る neru); from ancient Japanese (enu, puppy, dog), itself of uncertain derivation; or as a borrowing from some other unknown language.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (counter , hiragana いぬ, katakana イヌ, rōmaji inu)

    1. dog; canine
       (いぬ)毎日餌 (まいにちえさ) ()げて (くだ)さい。
      Inu ni mainichi esa o agete kudasai.
      Please feed the dog every day.
    2. one who is loyal (like a dog)
    3. a spy

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (gae gyeon))

    1. dog

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]


    Miyako[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (inu).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana いん, romaji in)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いん, romaji in)

    1. dog

    Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (inu).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana いん, romaji in)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いん, romaji in)

    1. dog

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana いん, romaji in)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (inu).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    IPA(key): [ʔiŋ̍]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いん, romaji in)

    1. dog

    Compounds[edit]


    Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Old Japanese (inu).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana いん, romaji in)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いん, romaji in)

    1. dog

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (khuyển, chó)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.