- 1 Translingual
- 2 Chinese
- 3 Japanese
- 4 Korean
- 5 Miyako
- 6 Northern Amami-Oshima
- 7 Okinawan
- 8 Southern Amami-Oshima
- 9 Vietnamese
- 犭 (when used as a left Chinese radical)
Although the alternative form clearly shows only three strokes, it is still counted as four strokes when using a Chinese dictionary. Compare 氵 from 水 (“water”), 扌 from 手 (“hand”), and 忄 from 心 (“heart”), all of which are a 3-stroke form from a 4-stroke character.
|Historical forms of the character 犬|
|Oracle bone script||Bronze inscriptions||Large seal script||Small seal script|
- radical number 94
犬 is the 94th radical in the Chinese dictionary. Compound characters such as 狇 mostly use the alternative form at the left of the character. Most represent something to do with dogs or other animals. A smaller proportion (e. g. 狀) use the primary form at the right of the character. A few even show both forms: in 獄 which means "prison" or "litigation"; "words" (言) stand between two dogs to keep them from biting each other.
- KangXi: page 705, character 27
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20234
- Dae Jaweon: page 1118, character 14
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1331, character 1
- Unihan data for U+72AC
|simp. and trad.
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-kʷəj-n. This common Sino-Tibetan word has been replaced by 狗 in most dialects except a few Min dialects, such as Fuzhou dialect (BUC): 犬 /kēng/. In other dialects, this word is mainly found in compounds and not used alone.
- Cantonese (Jyutping): hyun2
- Hakka (Pha̍k-fa-sṳ): khién
- Min Dong (BUC): kēng
- Min Nan
- Wu (WT Romanisation): qyoe (T2)
- Min Dong
- Min Nan
|Middle Chinese pronunciation (犬, reconstructed)|
|Character (犬), Pronunciation 1/1|
Initial: 溪 (29)
|Old Chinese pronunciation (犬, reconstructed)|
|Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)|
|Middle Chinese||Old Chinese||English|
|犬||quǎn||‹ khwenX ›||/*[k]ʷʰˤ[e][n]ʔ/||dog|
Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:
|Zhengzhang system (2003)|
- 狗 (gǒu) (more common)
|Kanji in this term|
From Old Japanese. Derivation uncertain. Various theories exist, including derivation from ancient verb 往ぬ (inu, “to leave, to be gone”), from the way a dog will guard the house while the master is away; from a compound of 家 (ie, “house, home”) + 寝 (nu, “to sleep”, ancient monosyllabic form of modern 寝る (neru)); from ancient Japanese 狗 (enu, “puppy, dog”), itself of uncertain derivation; or as a borrowing from some other unknown language.
- dog; canine
- Inu ni mainichi esa o agete kudasai.
- Please feed the dog every day.
- one who is loyal (like a dog)
- ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
- ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
- Sound (hangeul): 견 (revised: gyeon, McCune-Reischauer: kyŏn, Yale: kyen)
- Name (hangeul): 개 견()
- 개 (gae)
- 犬公 (견공, gyeongong) (personification)
- 犬馬 (견마, gyeonma) dog and horse
- 犬儒 (견유, gyeonyu) cynic
- 犬猿 (견원, gyeonwon) dog and monkey
- 猛犬 (맹견, maenggyeon) fierce dog
- 愛犬 (애견, aegyeon) pet dog
- 鬪犬 (투견, tugyeon) fighting dog
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