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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
犬-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)

Although the alternative form clearly shows only three strokes, it is still counted as four strokes when using a Chinese dictionary. Compare from (water), from (hand), and from (heart), all of which are a 3-stroke form from a 4-stroke character.

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – the dot is the ear. In the form , a dog that is up on its hind legs.

The character is considered a rather abstract rendition – Confucius is quoted as saying “The ancients must have had very strange looking dogs” (500 BCE).[1]

犬 犬 犬 犬
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

A dog (a Labrador)

(radical 94 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input (IK), four-corner 43030, composition)

  1. dog
  2. radical number 94

Usage notes[edit]

犬 is the 94th radical in the Chinese dictionary. Compound characters such as mostly use the alternative form at the left of the character. Most represent something to do with dogs or other animals. A smaller proportion (e. g. ) use the primary form at the right of the character. A few even show both forms: in which means "prison" or "litigation"; "words" () stand between two dogs to keep them from biting each other.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 705, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20234
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1118, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1331, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+72AC

Usage notes[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Sears, "Chinese Etymology: Primitives and Remnants", URL accessed on 2008-08-14.

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping hyun2, Yale hyun2)

  1. This word needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ khén, Guangdong k'ian3 [Meixian], k'ien3 [Hailu, Siyan, Hong Kong]; k'en3, Hagfa Pinyim kian3)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. a dog
  2. the dog radical (いぬ)

Readings[edit]

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese. Derivation uncertain. Various theories exist, including derivation from ancient verb 往ぬ (inu, to leave, to be gone), from the way a dog will guard the house while the master is away; from a compound of (ie, house, home) + (nu, to sleep, ancient monosyllabic form of modern 寝る (neru)); from ancient Japanese (enu, puppy, dog), itself of uncertain derivation; or as a borrowing from some other unknown language.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(counter , hiragana いぬ, katakana イヌ, romaji inu)

  1. a dog; canine
     (いぬ)毎日餌 (まいにちえさ) ()げて (くだ)さい。
    Inu ni mainichi esa o agete kudasai.
    Please feed the dog every day.
  2. one who is loyal (like a dog)
  3. a spy

Alternative forms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gyeon, McCune-Reischauer: kyŏn, Yale: kyen)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. dog

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin quǎn (quan3), Wade-Giles ch'üan3, Yale chwan)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin quǎn)

  1. dog (only in compounds)

Usage notes[edit]

Commonly found in some terms, and not to be used alone. For example, 1. 鬆獅犬/松狮犬 (literal meaning: loose-lion-dog)- chow chow 2. 狂犬病(literal meaning: mad-dog-disease)- rabies 3. 警犬- police dog 4. (Incorrect use): 我養了三隻犬。I have three dogs. (correct use): 我養了三隻狗。

  • Example Words:
  • 鷹犬 (yīng quǎn) "dogs that hunt eagle"
  • 警犬 (jǐng quǎn) "police dog"
  • 黃犬音 (huáng quǎn yīn) "news"
  • 犬齒 (quǎn chǐ) "canine tooth", a.k.a. 犬牙 (quǎn yá) or 虎牙 (hǔ yá)

Synonyms[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA khián (khian2))

References[edit]


Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana いん, romaji in)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese (inu).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いん, romaji in)

  1. dog

Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana いん, romaji in)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese (inu).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いん, romaji in)

  1. dog

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana いん, romaji in)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese (inu).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いん, romaji in)

  1. dog

Compounds[edit]


Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana いん, romaji in)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Japanese (inu).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いん, romaji in)

  1. dog

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khuyển, chó, Thái)


Wu[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. (usually archaic) dog