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U+54ED, 哭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54ED

[U+54EC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54EE]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 口口戈大 (RRIK), four-corner 66430, composition)

  1. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №25

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 190, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3658
  • Dae Jaweon: page 410, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 629, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+54ED

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋroːɡ
*ŋroːɡ
*ŋ̊ʰoːɡ
*ŋoɡ

Shuowen interprets it to be a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋ̊ʰoːɡ): semantic  (to speak loudly) + phonetic  (OC *ŋoɡ), simplified to .

Alternatively, it may be an ideogrammic compound (會意):  (to speak loudly) +  (dog) – a dog's bark > cry; weep.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khàu - vernacular;
  • khok - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kʰu⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kʰu⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /kʰu²¹/
    Jinan /kʰu²¹³/
    Qingdao /kʰu⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /kʰu²⁴/
    Xi'an /kʰu²¹/
    Xining /kʰv̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kʰu¹³/
    Lanzhou /kʰu¹³/
    Ürümqi /kʰu²¹³/
    Wuhan /kʰu²¹³/
    Chengdu /kʰu³¹/
    Guiyang /kʰu²¹/
    Kunming /kʰu³¹/
    Nanjing /kʰuʔ⁵/
    Hefei /kʰuəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /kʰuəʔ²/
    Pingyao /kʰuʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /kʰuəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /kʰoʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /kʰoʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /kʰoʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /kʰu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /kʰuʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /kʰu⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /kʰu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /kʰu²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /kʰuʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰuk̚¹/
    Taoyuan /kʰuk̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hok̚⁵/
    Nanning /huk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /huk̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰɔk/
    /kʰau¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰouʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰu²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰau²¹³/ 訓讀
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xau³⁵/ 訓號

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (3)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰəwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰuk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ku
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[kʰ]ˤok/
    English weep

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16031
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋ̊ʰoːɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to weep; to cry; to wail

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of (“to cry; to weep”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 哭泣
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian 叫眵
    Xingning
    Huidong
    Qujiang 叫嘴
    Xiaosanjiang
    Changting
    Pingyu
    Wuping 叫嘴
    Liancheng
    Ninghua
    Ruijin
    Shicheng
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 叫眵
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 叫眵
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 叫眵
    Dongshi (Dabu) 叫眵
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 唩眵
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gok) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kok)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (khốc, khóc)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.