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U+54ED, 哭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54ED

[U+54EC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54EE]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 口口戈大 (RRIK), four-corner 66430, composition)

  1. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №25

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 190, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3658
  • Dae Jaweon: page 410, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 629, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+54ED

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋroːɡ
*ŋroːɡ
*ŋ̥ʰoːɡ
*ŋoɡ

Shuowen interprets it to be a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋ̥ʰoːɡ): semantic  (to speak loudly) + phonetic  (OC *ŋoɡ), simplified to .

Alternatively, it may be an ideogrammic compound (會意):  (to speak loudly) +  (dog) – a dog's bark > cry; weep.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khàu - vernacular;
  • khok - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰu⁵⁵/
Harbin /kʰu⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kʰu²¹/
Jinan /kʰu²¹³/
Qingdao /kʰu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kʰu²⁴/
Xi'an /kʰu²¹/
Xining /kʰv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kʰu¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰu¹³/
Ürümqi /kʰu²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰu²¹³/
Chengdu /kʰu³¹/
Guiyang /kʰu²¹/
Kunming /kʰu³¹/
Nanjing /kʰuʔ⁵/
Hefei /kʰuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuəʔ²/
Pingyao /kʰuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kʰuəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /kʰoʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kʰoʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /kʰoʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /kʰu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kʰuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /kʰu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /kʰu²⁴/
Xiangtan /kʰu²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kʰuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hok̚⁵/
Nanning /huk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /huk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰɔk/
/kʰau¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰouʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰu²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰau²¹³/ 訓讀
Haikou (Min Nan) /xau³⁵/ 訓號

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (3)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰuk̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ku
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʰ]ˤok/
English weep

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16031
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ̥ʰoːɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to weep; to cry; to wail

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“to cry; to weep”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 哭泣
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 叫眵
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang 叫嘴
Xiaosanjiang
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping 叫嘴
Liancheng
Ninghua
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 叫眵
Liudui (S. Sixian) 叫眵
Hsinchu (Hailu) 叫眵
Dongshi (Dabu) 叫眵
Zhuolan (Raoping) 唩眵
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gok) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khốc, khóc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.