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U+558A, 喊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-558A

[U+5589]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+558B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 口戈竹口 (RIHR), four-corner 63050, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 197, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3916
  • Dae Jaweon: page 419, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 651, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+558A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːmʔ
*kɯːmʔ
*kʰɯːmʔ, *ŋɡrɯːms
*kʰɯːmʔ, *kʰɯːms
*ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːms
*qʰaːmʔ, *qʰrɯːmʔ, *ɡrɯːmʔ
*krɯːm
*krɯːm, *kjum
*krɯːm, *ŋɡrɯːm
*krɯːmʔ, *ɡrɯːmʔ
*ŋɡrɯːm, *ɡram
*ŋɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡam, *ɡram, *kjɯm
*kjɯm
*kjɯm
*kjum

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hám - literary;
  • hán/hiàm - vernacular (俗).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (32) (33) (32)
Final () (143) (151) (151)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () I II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɑmX/ /ɦˠɛmX/ /hˠɛmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/hɑmX/ /ɦᵚæmX/ /hᵚæmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/xɑmX/ /ɣɐmX/ /xɐmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hamX/ /ɦəɨmX/ /həɨmX/
Li
Rong
/xɑmX/ /ɣɐmX/ /xɐmX/
Wang
Li
/xɑmX/ /ɣɐmX/ /xɐmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xɑmX/ /ɣămX/ /xămX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hǎn xiàn xiǎn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 13505 13514 13522
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaːmʔ/ /*qʰrɯːmʔ/ /*ɡrɯːmʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. shout, call out, yell
      ―  hǎnjiào  ―  to shout; to cry out
  2. howl
  3. cry
  4. (Cantonese) to cry; to sob; to weep
    眼淚 / 眼泪 [Cantonese]  ―  haam3 dou1 mou5 ngaan5 leoi6 [Jyutping]  ―  to cry without shedding tears

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“to cry; to weep”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 哭泣
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 叫眵
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang 叫嘴
Xiaosanjiang
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping 叫嘴
Liancheng
Ninghua
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 叫眵
Liudui (S. Sixian) 叫眵
Hsinchu (Hailu) 叫眵
Dongshi (Dabu) 叫眵
Zhuolan (Raoping) 唩眵
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ham) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ham)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hảm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]