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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sqʰows): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *qoːwʔ, *qrow, *qrowʔ).

A Chinese scholar once said “when bamboo takes the wind it leans back gently like a man who laughs”. This is only a mnemonic and not the etymology of the character.

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹大 (HHK), four-corner 88432, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 879, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25885
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1307, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2950, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+7B11
  • McNaughton, William (2005) Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, 2nd Edition edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 14

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiào
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjewH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s-l]aw-s/
English to laugh

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14621
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
𥬇
Old
Chinese
/*sqʰows/
Notes

Noun[edit]

(classifier ())

  1. laugh
  2. smile
      ―  xiàoróng  ―  smile

Verb[edit]

  1. to laugh at
  2. to smile
  3. to laugh at (to ridicule)

See also[edit]

  • (to laugh at): (cháo), (chī)

References[edit]

  • in CEDICT on MDBG

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to laugh; laughter
  2. to smile; a smile

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
わら(い)
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

The 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 笑う ‎(warau, to laugh; to smile).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana わらい, romaji warai, historical hiragana わらひ)

  1. a laugh, laughing, laughter
  2. a smile, smiling
Usage notes[edit]

More commonly spelled with the okurigana, as 笑い.

The warai reading is more commonly associated with the laugh senses. The emi reading is more commonly associated with the smile senses.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
え(み)
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 笑む ‎(emu, to smile; to laugh).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana えみ, romaji emi, historical hiragana ゑみ)

  1. a smile, smiling
  2. a laugh, laughing, laughter
Usage notes[edit]

More commonly spelled with the okurigana, as 笑み.

The emi reading is more commonly associated with the smile senses. The warai reading is more commonly associated with the laugh senses.

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana えみ, romaji Emi, historical hiragana ゑみ)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(so)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: so, Yale: so)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiếu, téo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.