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See also: Bloom, blööm, and Blööm


Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for bloom in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)


Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English blome, from Old Norse blóm, from Proto-Germanic *blōmô (compare West Frisian blom, Low German Bloom, Dutch bloem, German Blume, Norwegian blom, blome, Danish blomme, Swedish blomma, from *blōaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (to thrive, flower, bloom) (compare Irish blath (leaf), Latin folium (leaf), Albanian bilonjë (twig, branch), Ancient Greek φύλλον (phúllon, leaf)). More at blow.


bloom (plural blooms)

  1. A blossom; the flower of a plant; an expanded bud.
    • Prescott
      the rich blooms of the tropics
  2. Flowers, collectively.
  3. (uncountable) The opening of flowers in general; the state of blossoming or of having the flowers open.
    The cherry trees are in bloom.
    • Milton
      sight of vernal bloom
  4. (figuratively) A state or time of beauty, freshness, and vigor/vigour; an opening to higher perfection, analogous to that of buds into blossoms.
    • Hawthorne
      Every successive mother has transmitted a fainter bloom, a more delicate and briefer beauty.
    • 1992, Kurt Cobain (lyrics), “In Bloom”, in Nevermind, performed by Nirvana:
      We can have some more / Nature is a whore / Bruises on the fruit / Tender age in bloom
    the bloom of youth
  5. The delicate, powdery coating upon certain growing or newly-gathered fruits or leaves, as on grapes, plums, etc.
  6. Anything giving an appearance of attractive freshness.
    • Thackeray
      a new, fresh, brilliant world, with all the bloom upon it
  7. The clouded appearance which varnish sometimes takes upon the surface of a picture.
  8. A yellowish deposit or powdery coating which appears on well-tanned leather.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  9. (mineralogy) A popular term for a bright-hued variety of some minerals.
    the rose-red cobalt bloom
  10. (cooking) A white area of cocoa butter that forms on the surface of chocolate when warmed and cooled.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English bloom (a blossom)


bloom (third-person singular simple present blooms, present participle blooming, simple past and past participle bloomed)

  1. (transitive) To cause to blossom; to make flourish.
    • Hooker
      Charitable affection bloomed them.
  2. (transitive) To bestow a bloom upon; to make blooming or radiant.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
    • Keats
      While barred clouds bloom the soft-dying day.
  3. (intransitive) Of a plant, to produce blooms; to open its blooms.
    • Milton
      A flower which once / In Paradise, fast by the tree of life, / Began to bloom.
  4. (intransitive, figuratively) Of a person, business, etc, to flourish; to be in a state of healthful, growing youth and vigour; to show beauty and freshness.
    • 2017 May 13, Barney Ronay, “Antonio Conte’s brilliance has turned Chelsea’s pop-up team into champions”, in the Guardian[1]:
      The attacking three have also been allowed to bloom. Liberated from deep defensive duties Eden Hazard has become more expressive, more obviously, flashily complete.
    • Logan
      A better country blooms to view, / Beneath a brighter sky.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old English blōma


bloom (plural blooms)

  1. The spongy mass of metal formed in a furnace by the smelting process.
    • 1957, H.R. Schubert, History of the British Iron and Steel Industry, p. 26:
      These metallic bodies gradually increasing in volume finally conglomerate into a larger mass, the bloom, which is extracted from the furnace with tongs.
Related terms[edit]

Chinook Jargon[edit]


Borrowed from English broom.



  1. broom

Derived terms[edit]



Borrowed from English bloom.


bloom m (genitive singular [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. (metallurgy) bloom


Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bloom vloom mloom
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.