bloom

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See also: Bloom, blööm, and Blööm

English[edit]

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for bloom in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English blome, from Old Norse blóm, from Proto-Germanic *blōmô (flower). Doublet of bloom (“spongy mass of metal”); see there for more.

Noun[edit]

bloom (countable and uncountable, plural blooms)

  1. A blossom; the flower of a plant; an expanded bud.
    • 1843, William H. Prescott, The History of the Conquest of Mexico
      the rich blooms and enamelled vegetation of the tropics
  2. (collective) Flowers.
  3. (uncountable) The opening of flowers in general; the state of blossoming or of having the flowers open.
    The cherry trees are in bloom.
  4. (figuratively) A state or time of beauty, freshness, and vigor; an opening to higher perfection, analogous to that of buds into blossoms.
    the bloom of youth
  5. Rosy colour; the flush or glow on a person's cheek.
  6. The delicate, powdery coating upon certain growing or newly-gathered fruits or leaves, as on grapes, plums, etc.
    • 2010, Donna Pliner Rodnitzky, Low-Carb Smoothies
      The bloom on blueberries is the dusty powder that protects them from the Sun; it does not rinse off.
  7. Anything giving an appearance of attractive freshness.
  8. The clouded appearance which varnish sometimes takes upon the surface of a picture.
  9. A yellowish deposit or powdery coating which appears on well-tanned leather[1].
  10. (mineralogy) A bright-hued variety of some minerals.
    the rose-red cobalt bloom
  11. (cooking) A white area of cocoa butter that forms on the surface of chocolate when warmed and cooled.
  12. (television) An undesirable halo effect that may occur when a very bright region is displayed next to a very dark region of the screen.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English bloom (a blossom).

Verb[edit]

bloom (third-person singular simple present blooms, present participle blooming, simple past and past participle bloomed)

  1. (transitive) To cause to blossom; to make flourish.
  2. (transitive) To bestow a bloom upon; to make blooming or radiant.
  3. (intransitive) Of a plant, to produce blooms; to open its blooms.
  4. (intransitive, figuratively) Of a person, business, etc, to flourish; to be in a state of healthful, growing youth and vigour; to show beauty and freshness.
    • 2017 May 13, Barney Ronay, “Antonio Conte’s brilliance has turned Chelsea’s pop-up team into champions”, in the Guardian[1]:
      The attacking three have also been allowed to bloom. Liberated from deep defensive duties Eden Hazard has become more expressive, more obviously, flashily complete.
    • a. 1788, John Logan, A Tale
      A better country blooms to view, / Beneath a brighter sky.
  5. (cooking) To bring out the flavor of a spice by cooking it in oil.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English blome, from Old English blōma (flower; lump of metal), from Proto-Germanic *blōmô (flower). Cognate with West Frisian blom, Dutch bloem, German Blume, Icelandic blóm, Danish blomme, Gothic 𐌱𐌻𐍉𐌼𐌰 (blōma). Related to blow, blade, blead; also related to flower, foil, and belladonna.

Noun[edit]

bloom (plural blooms)

  1. The spongy mass of metal formed in a furnace by the smelting process.
    • 1957, H.R. Schubert, History of the British Iron and Steel Industry, p. 26:
      These metallic bodies gradually increasing in volume finally conglomerate into a larger mass, the bloom, which is extracted from the furnace with tongs.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1874, Edward H. Knight, American Mechanical Dictionary

Chinook Jargon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English broom.

Noun[edit]

bloom

  1. broom

Derived terms[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English bloom.

Noun[edit]

bloom m (genitive singular [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. (metallurgy) bloom

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bloom vloom mloom
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.