bloom

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See also: Bloom, blööm, and Blööm

English[edit]

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for bloom in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English blome, from Old Norse blóm, from Proto-Germanic *blōmô (flower). Doublet of bloom (“spongy mass of metal”); see there for more.

Noun[edit]

bloom (countable and uncountable, plural blooms)

  1. A blossom; the flower of a plant; an expanded bud.
    • (Can we date this quote by Prescott and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      the rich blooms of the tropics
  2. Flowers, collectively.
  3. (uncountable) The opening of flowers in general; the state of blossoming or of having the flowers open.
    The cherry trees are in bloom.
  4. (figuratively) A state or time of beauty, freshness, and vigor; an opening to higher perfection, analogous to that of buds into blossoms.
    • (Can we date this quote by Hawthorne and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Every successive mother has transmitted a fainter bloom, a more delicate and briefer beauty.
    • 1992, Kurt Cobain (lyrics), “In Bloom”, in Nevermind, performed by Nirvana:
      We can have some more / Nature is a whore / Bruises on the fruit / Tender age in bloom
    the bloom of youth
  5. Rosy colour; the flush or glow on a person's cheek.
  6. The delicate, powdery coating upon certain growing or newly-gathered fruits or leaves, as on grapes, plums, etc.
    • 2010, Donna Pliner Rodnitzky, Low-Carb Smoothies
      The bloom on blueberries is the dusty powder that protects them from the Sun; it does not rinse off.
  7. Anything giving an appearance of attractive freshness.
    • (Can we date this quote by Thackeray and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      a new, fresh, brilliant world, with all the bloom upon it
  8. The clouded appearance which varnish sometimes takes upon the surface of a picture.
  9. A yellowish deposit or powdery coating which appears on well-tanned leather.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  10. (mineralogy) A bright-hued variety of some minerals.
    the rose-red cobalt bloom
  11. (cooking) A white area of cocoa butter that forms on the surface of chocolate when warmed and cooled.
  12. (television) An undesirable halo effect that may occur when a very bright region is displayed next to a very dark region of the screen.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English bloom (a blossom)

Verb[edit]

bloom (third-person singular simple present blooms, present participle blooming, simple past and past participle bloomed)

  1. (transitive) To cause to blossom; to make flourish.
    • (Can we date this quote by Hooker and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Charitable affection bloomed them.
  2. (transitive) To bestow a bloom upon; to make blooming or radiant.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
    • 1819 September 19, John Keats, “To Autumn”, in Lamia, Isabella, the Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems, London: Printed [by Thomas Davison] for Taylor and Hessey, [], published 1820, OCLC 927360557, stanza 3, page 138:
      Where are the songs of Spring? Ay, where are they? / Think not of them, thou hast thy music too,— / While barred clouds bloom the soft-dying day, / And touch the stubble-plains with rosy hue; [...]
  3. (intransitive) Of a plant, to produce blooms; to open its blooms.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 1”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker [] [a]nd by Robert Boulter [] [a]nd Matthias Walker, [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
      A flower which once / In Paradise, fast by the tree of life, / Began to bloom.
  4. (intransitive, figuratively) Of a person, business, etc, to flourish; to be in a state of healthful, growing youth and vigour; to show beauty and freshness.
    • 2017 May 13, Barney Ronay, “Antonio Conte’s brilliance has turned Chelsea’s pop-up team into champions”, in the Guardian[1]:
      The attacking three have also been allowed to bloom. Liberated from deep defensive duties Eden Hazard has become more expressive, more obviously, flashily complete.
    • (Can we date this quote by Logan and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      A better country blooms to view, / Beneath a brighter sky.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English blome, from Old English blōma (flower; lump of metal), from Proto-Germanic *blōmô (flower). Cognate with West Frisian blom, Dutch bloem, German Blume, Icelandic blóm, Danish blomme, Gothic 𐌱𐌻𐍉𐌼𐌰 (blōma). Related to blow, blade, blead; also a doublet of flower, foil, and belladonna.

Noun[edit]

bloom (plural blooms)

  1. The spongy mass of metal formed in a furnace by the smelting process.
    • 1957, H.R. Schubert, History of the British Iron and Steel Industry, p. 26:
      These metallic bodies gradually increasing in volume finally conglomerate into a larger mass, the bloom, which is extracted from the furnace with tongs.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Chinook Jargon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English broom.

Noun[edit]

bloom

  1. broom

Derived terms[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English bloom.

Noun[edit]

bloom m (genitive singular [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. (metallurgy) bloom

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bloom vloom mloom
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.