chocolate

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See also: chocolaté

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
chocolate (confectionery)

Etymology[edit]

Via Spanish chocolate from a Nahuatl [Term?] word,[1][2][3] widely given as chocolātl (with the second element being a reflex of Classical Nahuatl ātl (water)), although such a word does not appear in Nahuatl until the mid-18th century according to Karttunen. Dakin and Wichmann propose chicolātl as the original form (saying it survives in several modern Nahuatl dialects) and say the chicol- element refers to a special wooden stick used to prepare chocolate.[4] Another theory is that the prefix came from Yucatec Maya chocol (hot).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃɒk(ə)lɪt/, /ˈt͡ʃɒk(ə)lət/
  • (file)
  • (General Australian) IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃɔk(ə)lət/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃɑk(ə)lɪt/, /ˈt͡ʃɔk(ə)lɪt/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

chocolate (countable and uncountable, plural chocolates)

  1. (chiefly uncountable) A food made from ground roasted cocoa beans.
    Chocolate is a very popular treat.
  2. (chiefly uncountable) A drink made by dissolving this food in boiling milk or water.
  3. (countable) A single, small piece of confectionery made from chocolate.
    He bought her some chocolates as a gift. She ate one chocolate and threw the rest away.
  4. (uncountable) A dark, reddish-brown colour/color, like that of chocolate.
    As he cooked it the whole thing turned a rich, deep chocolate.
    chocolate colour:  
  5. (countable, slang) A black person; (uncountable) blackness.
    • 1967, James David Horan, The Right Image: A Novel of the Men who Make Candidates, page 73:
      "I suppose you have some of your sweet chocolates working for you?" Barney nodded.
    • 2009, Evangeline Holloway, The Reincarnation of Love, →ISBN, page 83:
      I can consume as much of you as I want to without gaining weight. Sexy chocolate is what you are.
    • 2011, Ella Campbell, Torn: The Melissa Williams Story, →ISBN, page 69:
      “How is my sexy chocolate?” Mark says on the other end.
    • 2012, Harry Davis, My Name Is Lucas, →ISBN:
      “Yes Lucas, you're some fine sexy chocolate”, she whispered, her long dark hair covering her face and the curves bursting out of her dress.

Meronyms[edit]

Holonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Adjective[edit]

chocolate (comparative more chocolate, superlative most chocolate)

  1. Made of or containing chocolate.
  2. Having a dark reddish-brown colour/color.
  3. (slang) Black (relating to any of various ethnic groups having dark pigmentation of the skin).
    • 2005, Patrick Goines, Unfinished Business, page 29:
      She was a chocolate honey with all the assets necessary to never have to work hard to pay her bills.
    • 2010, Delores J. Dillard, Papua, New Guinea, 1983, page 27:
      Therefore, African Americans complexion range from fair to mahogony. When a baby is born, it's always a mystery of the hue of the child. Sometimes the child will be as white as the slave owner or as chocolate as a great great grandparent.
    • 2011, Stephanie Stokes Oliver, Daily Cornbread, page 200:
      If you are as chocolate as an African queen, do you really think you'll look better as a bottle blonde?

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

chocolate (third-person singular simple present chocolates, present participle chocolating, simple past and past participle chocolated)

  1. (transitive, rare, chiefly in the past participle) To add chocolate to; to cover (food) in chocolate.
  2. (rare, biology) To treat blood agar by heating in order to lyse the red blood cells in the medium.
    • 1992 August 1, R. Rennie, “Laboratory and Clinical Evaluations of Media for the Primary Isolation of Haemophilus Species”, in Journal of Clinical Microbiology, volume 30, number 8, page 1917:
      Other formulations have been adopted to supply these growth factors; these include heating or "chocolating" the blood agar to release NAD directly from the erythrocytes in the agar medium.
    • 2000, Ochei Et Al, Medical Laboratory Science : Theory And Practice, page 843:
      It is a chocolated blood agar but here whole horse blood is used.
    • 2003, Mark A. Herbert, Haemophilus influenzae Protocols, page 73:
      The mixture is incubated at 75°C until chocolating has taken place.

References[edit]

  1. ^ chocolate” (US) / “chocolate” (UK) in Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press.
  2. ^ chocolate” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
  3. ^ chocolate” in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN.
  4. ^ Karen Dakin, Søren Wichmann, ‘Cacao and Chocolate: An Uto-Aztec perspective’ (2000), Ancient Mesoamerica, vol. 11, pages 55–75

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Noun[edit]

chocolate m (plural chocolates)

  1. Alternative form of chicolate

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

chocolate

  1. first-person singular present indicative of chocolater
  2. third-person singular present indicative of chocolater
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of chocolater
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of chocolater

Galician[edit]

Noun[edit]

chocolate m (plural chocolates)

  1. chocolate

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

chocolate (plural chocolates)

  1. chocolate

Portuguese[edit]

chocolate

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish chocolate, from Classical Nahuatl [Term?], possibly from xocolātl or chocolātl (a late attestation), though the etymology is unclear. See chocolate.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

chocolate m (plural chocolates)

  1. chocolate

Quotations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es
chocolate

Etymology[edit]

From a Nahuatl [Term?] word, possibly from xocolātl or chocolātl (a late attestation), though the etymology is unclear. See chocolate.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /t͡ʃokoˈlate/, [t͡ʃokoˈlat̪e]

Noun[edit]

chocolate m (plural chocolates)

  1. chocolate (food made from cocoa beans)
  2. chocolate (drink made by dissolving chocolate in milk or water)
  3. (slang) hashish (the leaves of the Indian hemp plant)
    Synonym: hachís

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]