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Lamingtons (small cakes)
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Etymology 1[edit]

From Lamington ‎(place name). After Charles Baillie, 2nd Baron Lamington, who was governor of Queensland from 1896 to 1901 and apparently wore such a hat.[1]


lamington ‎(plural lamingtons)

  1. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (Australia, obsolete) A Homburg hat.

Etymology 2[edit]

Uncertain. Although current dictionaries all associate it with the Baron, the earliest publication of this derivation is by John Hepworth in the Nation Review of July 1977. An earlier (1966) reference[2] gives the cake but does not associate it with the Baron, suggesting the theory was not current in the 1960s.[3]

Alternative forms[edit]


lamington ‎(plural lamingtons)

  1. (chiefly Australia and New Zealand) A small square Australian/New Zealand cake made with sponge cake covered on all sides (including top and bottom) with chocolate and desiccated coconut.
    • 2000, Patrick Mullins, Chris Kynaston, The Household Production of Subsistence Goods, Patrick Nicol Troy (editor), A History of European Housing in Australia: The Urban Peasant Thesis Reassessed, page 146,
      Women were also known for their cooking skills although this was not so much in the provision of meals (which were ‘simple and wholesome’), but in the production of confectionery, ranging from scones, biscuits, sponges, cakes, etc., to such noted Australian and New Zealand delicacies as lamingtons and pavlova.
    • 2003, Dawn Marie Schrandt, Just Me Cookin Cakes, page 136,
      Lamingtons are little sponge cakes coated in chocolate and grated coconut.
    • 2005, Pippa Cuthbert, Lindsay Cameron Wilson, Ice Cream!, page 118,
      Lamingtons are a traditional New Zealand tea-time treat: plain sponge dipped in a chocolate sauce and coated with coconut.
Related terms[edit]


  1. ^ 1945, Sidney J. Baker, The Australian Language, page 200Lamington. A Homburg hat, as worn by Baron Lamington, Queensland Governor, 1896-1901. (Obsolete.)
  2. ^ 1966, Sidney J. Baker, The Australian Language, second edition, page 86.
  3. ^ Australian National University OzWords May 1999.