candy

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See also: Candy

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: kăn'di, IPA(key): /ˈkændi/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ændi

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sugre candy, from Old French sucre candi (literally candied sugar), from Arabic سُكَّر قَنْدِي(sukkar qandī), from Arabic قَنْد(qand, rock candy), from Persian کند(kand); likely from Sanskrit खण्ड (khaṇḍa, piece, fragment, candied sugar, dried molasses), root खण्ड् (khaṇḍ, to divide, break into pieces), or from Proto-Dravidian *kaṇṭu; compare Tamil கண்டு (kaṇṭu, hard candy).[1]

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Noun[edit]

candy (countable and uncountable, plural candies)

  1. (uncountable, chiefly Canada, US) Edible, sweet-tasting confectionery containing sugar, or sometimes artificial sweeteners, and often flavored with fruit, chocolate, nuts, herbs and spices, or artificial flavors.
    • 1991, Brayfield, Celia, The Prince:
      They came down to buy sugar, flour, saltfish or candy from Nana, to collect letters and exchange gossip.
  2. (countable, chiefly Canada, US) A piece of confectionery of this kind.
    • 1991, Ann Granger, A Season for Murder:
      Unwholesome pink and yellow candies were sold from trays.
  3. (slang, chiefly US) crack cocaine
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Descendants[edit]
  • Hindi: कैंडी (kaiṇḍī)
  • Hopi: kyenti
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

candy (third-person singular simple present candies, present participle candying, simple past and past participle candied)

  1. (cooking) To cook in, or coat with, sugar syrup.
  2. (intransitive) To have sugar crystals form in or on.
    Fruits preserved in sugar candy after a time.
  3. (intransitive) To be formed into candy; to solidify in a candylike form or mass.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

  • 🍬 (Unicode candy symbol)

References[edit]

  1. ^
    1903, Yule, Henry, Sir, Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of colloquial Anglo-Indian words and phrases, and of kindred terms, etymological, historical, geographical and discursive.[1], page 155:
    CANDY (SUGAR-). This name of crystallized sugar, though it came no doubt to Europe from the P.-Ar. ḳand (P. also shakar ḳand; Sp. azucar cande; It. candi and zucchero candito; Fr. sucre candi) is of Indian origin. There is a Skt. root khaṇḍ, 'to break,' whence khaṇḍa, 'broken,' also applied in various compounds to granulated and candied sugar. But there is also Tam. kar-kaṇḍa, kala-kaṇḍa, Mal. kaṇḍi,kalkaṇḍi, and kalkaṇṭu, which may have been the direct source of the P. and Ar. adoption of the word, and perhaps its original, from a Dravidian word= 'lump.' [The Dravidian terms mean 'stone-piece.']

Etymology 2[edit]

From Marathi खंडी (khaṇḍī), from Sanskrit खण्डन (khaṇḍana), from root खण्ड् (khaṇḍ, to divide, break into pieces).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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candy (plural candies)

  1. (obsolete) A unit of mass used in southern India, equal to twenty maunds, roughly equal to 500 pounds avoirdupois but varying locally.
Synonyms[edit]
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Anagrams[edit]