From Middle English sugre candy, from Old French sucre candi (literally “candied sugar”), from Arabic سُكَّر قَنْدِي (sukkar qandī), from Arabic قَنْد (qand, “rock candy”), from Persian کند (kand); likely from Sanskrit खण्ड (khaṇḍa, “piece, fragment, candied sugar, dried molasses”), root खण्ड् (khaṇḍ, “to divide, break into pieces”), or from Proto-Dravidian *kaṇṭu; compare Tamil கண்டு (kaṇṭu, “hard candy”).
- (uncountable, chiefly Canada, US) Edible, sweet-tasting confectionery containing sugar, or sometimes artificial sweeteners, and often flavored with fruit, chocolate, nuts, herbs and spices, or artificial flavors.
- 1991, Brayfield, Celia, The Prince:
- They came down to buy sugar, flour, saltfish or candy from Nana, to collect letters and exchange gossip.
- (countable, chiefly Canada, US) A piece of confectionery of this kind.
- 1991, Ann Granger, A Season for Murder:
- Unwholesome pink and yellow candies were sold from trays.
- (slang, chiefly US) crack cocaine.
- (confection): confectionery, sweets (British), lollies (Australia), sugar candy (US)
- (piece of candy): sweet (British), lolly (Australia)
- (cooking) To cook in, or coat with, sugar syrup.
- (intransitive) To have sugar crystals form in or on.
- Fruits preserved in sugar candy after a time.
- (intransitive) To be formed into candy; to solidify in a candylike form or mass.
- 🍬 (Unicode candy symbol)
- ^ 1903, Yule, Henry, Sir, Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of colloquial Anglo-Indian words and phrases, and of kindred terms, etymological, historical, geographical and discursive., page 155:
- CANDY (SUGAR-). This name of crystallized sugar, though it came no doubt to Europe from the P.-Ar. ḳand (P. also shakar ḳand; Sp. azucar cande; It. candi and zucchero candito; Fr. sucre candi) is of Indian origin. There is a Skt. root khaṇḍ, 'to break,' whence khaṇḍa, 'broken,' also applied in various compounds to granulated and candied sugar. But there is also Tam. kar-kaṇḍa, kala-kaṇḍa, Mal. kaṇḍi,kalkaṇḍi, and kalkaṇṭu, which may have been the direct source of the P. and Ar. adoption of the word, and perhaps its original, from a Dravidian word= 'lump.' [The Dravidian terms mean 'stone-piece.']
candy (plural candies)
- (obsolete) A unit of mass used in southern India, equal to twenty maunds, roughly equal to 500 pounds avoirdupois but varying locally.