bala

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Bala, bală, bála, bała, balâ, bāla, bālā, and bala'

Asturian[edit]

Noun[edit]

bala f (plural bales)

  1. bullet

Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic бала
Latin bala
Perso-Arabic بالا

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *bāla (child), which is etymologically related to baldız (sister-in-law)[1]. Cognate with Crimean Tatar bala, Uzbek bola, Turkish bala (dialectal), etc.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [bɑˈɫɑ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ba‧la

Noun[edit]

bala (definite accusative balanı, plural balalar)

  1. child
    Synonym: uşaq
  2. young of an animal

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*bāla-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French balle.

Noun[edit]

bala f (plural bales)

  1. bale
    dues bales de papertwo bales of paper

Etymology 2[edit]

From Italian palla.

Noun[edit]

bala f (plural bales)

  1. bullet
    • 2019, “Sento”, in Energia fosca, performed by El Petit de Cal Eril:
      Coses inútils com les caixes o els bancs / Coses terribles com les bales o els tancs
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. marble
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Chichewa[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bála 5 (plural mabála 6)

  1. wound, injury
  2. defect, physical problem

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English bar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bála 5 (plural mabála 6)

  1. bar (establishment where alcoholic beverages can be sold)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-bíada.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

-bala (infinitive kubála)

  1. to bear, give forth
Derived terms[edit]

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

bala

  1. child
  2. foal

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Galician[edit]

Noun[edit]

bala f (plural balas)

  1. bullet

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Garo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Likely related to bala. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Verb[edit]

bala

  1. to blow

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay bala, from Sanskrit बल (bala).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ba.la/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧la

Noun[edit]

bala

  1. force, army
    Synonyms: laskar, pasukan, prajurit, sena, serdadu, tentara
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Malay bala, from Arabic بَلَاء(balāʾ, misfortune).

Noun[edit]

bala (first-person possessive balaku, second-person possessive balamu, third-person possessive balanya)

  1. misfortune
    Synonyms: bahala, bahaya, bencana, cobaan, dakiat, keapesan, kecelakaan, kegagalan, kemaharan, kemalangan, kemudaratan, kerugian, kesialan, mala, malapetaka, mara

Etymology 3[edit]

From Javanese ꦧꦭ (bala) and Balinese ᬩᬮ (bala). (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ba.la/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧la

Noun[edit]

bala (first-person possessive balaku, second-person possessive balamu, third-person possessive balanya)

  1. 25th wuku of Pawukon calendar.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Tombulu [Term?]. (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ba.la/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧la

Noun[edit]

bala (first-person possessive balaku, second-person possessive balamu, third-person possessive balanya)

  1. birds that are deemed able to give signal through their movements or sound.

Further reading[edit]


Javanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Javanese bala (strength), borrowed from Sanskrit बल (bala, power, strength)

Noun[edit]

bala (krama ngoko bala)

  1. (military) strength
  2. (military) army
  3. supporter
  4. friend

References[edit]

  • "bala" in J. W. M. Bakker & Fr. M. Sunarwidjaja, The Giri Sonta Course for Javanese (Lexicon). Giri Sonta, Ungaran, 1964
  • "bala" in Tim Balai Bahasa Yogyakarta, Kamus Basa Jawa (Bausastra Jawa). Kanisius, Yogyakarta

Karao[edit]

Noun[edit]

bala

  1. (anatomy) lung

Keley-I Kallahan[edit]

Noun[edit]

bala

  1. (anatomy) lung

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

bālā

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of bālō

References[edit]

  • bala in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • bala in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

Limos Kalinga[edit]

Noun[edit]

bala

  1. hot coals

Lithuanian[edit]

Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lt

Etymology[edit]

From bãlas (white) +‎ -a. Cognate with Latvian bala (loamy valley without trees, swamp, depression), Proto-Slavic *bělь.

Noun[edit]

balà f stress pattern 2/4

  1. swamp, mire, morass
    Synonyms: pélkė, raĩstas
    • 1899, Mitteilungen der Litauischen Literarischen Gesellschaft, Volume 4[2], page 445:
      Oi šermukšni, šermukšni, Kur tu augai tarp baliu [sic]
      Oh, rowan tree, where have you been growing in the midst of the swamps?
      Popularized in a recording by the Lithuanian band Ugniavijas in 2013.
    • 1925, J. Elisonas, “Archeologinių ir šiaip įdomių, tiek Panevėžio apskrities, tiek kitų artimų apylinkių, vietų sarašas, kurį yra surinkę Panevėžio valstybinės gimnazijos mokiniai [A list of archeological and otherwise interesting places, both in Panevėžys County and other nearby areas, compiled by the students of Panevėžys State Gymnasium]”, in Švietimo darbas[3], number 4, pages 325-326:
      Dijokalnis. [...] Kalną supa miškas ir bala. [...] Dobulio kalnas. [...] Prie kalno yra gana didelė bala, turinti to paties kalno pavadinimą.
      [Dijokalnis hill] is surrounded by forest and swamp. [...] Near [Dobulio hill] there is a rather large swamp, which has the same name as the hill.
  2. puddle
    Synonyms: balùtė, klãnas, valkà
    • 1971, Iš lietuvių kultūros istorijos[4], volume 6, Mintis:
      Lyjant kaimo gatvėje neretai susidarydavo didžiulės balos.
      While it rained on the village street, huge puddles often formed.
    • 2000, Valentinas Zaikauskas, Pėdsakai baigiasi rojuje valentinas, Lietuvos rašytojų sąjunga:
      Blogai, kad lietus pradėjo merkti, - galvojo seklys, - tačiau sekant tokį beprotį lietus yra niekai. Ir vėjas, ir balos - tik smulkmena palyginus su ta nenusakoma beprotybe, kurios privalau neišleisti iš akių.
      It's bad that the rain started to drizzle, the sleuth thought, but following such madness the rain is nothing. Both the wind and the puddles are just a trifle compared to that indescribable madness that I must not lose sight of.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Derksen, Rick (2015), “bala”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 77
  • bala”, in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė [Lithuanian etymological dictionary database], 2007–2012
  • bala”, in Lietuvių kalbos žodynas [Dictionary of the Lithuanian language], lkz.lt, 1941–2022

Malagasy[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French balle.

Noun[edit]

bala

  1. bullet
  2. cartridge

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

bala

  1. (dialectal) poles used to carry a burden

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

balà

  1. imperative form of balana

Masbatenyo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish bala.

Noun[edit]

bala

  1. bullet

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

bala

  1. Alternative form of bale (bale)

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈpala/

Verb[edit]

bala

  1. inflection of ballat:
    1. present indicative connegative
    2. second-person singular imperative
    3. imperative connegative

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (verb): bale (e-infinitive)

Verb[edit]

bala (present tense balar, past tense bala, past participle bala, passive infinitive balast, present participle balande, imperative bal)

  1. to make noise
    Synonyms: bråka, ståka
  2. to struggle
    Synonyms: streva, træla

Noun[edit]

bala n

  1. definite plural of bal

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bala f (plural balas)

  1. bullet (a projectile, usually of metal, shot from a gun at high speed)

Old Javanese[edit]

Other scripts
Carakan ꦧꦭ
Roman bala

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit बल (bala, power, strength)

Noun[edit]

bala

  1. strength, power
  2. troops, army, soldiers of lesser rank

References[edit]

  • "bala" in P.J. Zoetmulder with the collaboration of S.O. Robson, Old Javanese-English Dictionary. 's-Gravenhage: M. Nijhoff, 1982.

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit बल (bala).

Noun[edit]

bala n

  1. strength
  2. power
  3. force
  4. army, military force

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Thai: พล (pon)
  • Khmer: ពល (pŭəl)
  • Burmese: ဗလ (ba.la.)
  • Foreign coinings:

Phuthi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-bàda.

Verb[edit]

-bala

  1. to count

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French balle, from Middle French balle from Northern Italian balla (ball), from Lombardic *palla, *balla (ball), from Proto-Germanic *ballô (ball), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰoln- (bubble), from *bʰel- (to blow, swell, inflate).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈba.lɐ/, [ˈba.lɐ]

  • Hyphenation: ba‧la
  • Rhymes: -alɐ

Noun[edit]

bala f (plural balas)

  1. bullet, projectile (part of the ammunition for firearms)
    Synonym: projétil
  2. (Brazil) candy, sweet
    Synonyms: doce, guloseima, rebuçado
  3. (Brazil, slang) ecstasy (MDMA) pill

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bala f

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of bală

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Italian ballo, from Old High German balo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bâla/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧la

Noun[edit]

bȁla f (Cyrillic spelling ба̏ла)

  1. bale, bundle, pack (bundle of goods)
  2. (regional) ball, sphere
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Of unknown origin. Possibly a Dalmatian substratum word; compare Romanian bale (slobber, saliva).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bâla/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧la

Noun[edit]

bȁla f (Cyrillic spelling ба̏ла)

  1. (usually in the plural) mucus, snivel
  2. (usually in the plural, informal) snot
  3. (usually in the plural) slobber
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • bala” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • bala” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Sotho[edit]

Verb[edit]

bala

  1. to read

Southern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-bàda.

Verb[edit]

-bala

  1. to count

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French balle.

Noun[edit]

bala f (plural balas)

  1. bullet
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

bala

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of balar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of balar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of balar.

Further reading[edit]


Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bala

  1. Romanization of 𒁄 (bala)

Swazi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-bàda.

Verb[edit]

-bala

  1. to count

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish bala (bullet).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ba‧la
  • IPA(key): /ˈbala/, [ˈbalɐ]

Noun[edit]

bala

  1. bullet; slug
    Synonym: punlo
  2. pellet
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ba‧la
  • IPA(key): /ˈbalaʔ/, [ˈbalɐʔ]

Noun[edit]

balà

  1. threat
    Synonyms: panakot, banta, babala
  2. warning
    Synonyms: babala, paalaala
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ba‧la
  • IPA(key): /ˈbala/, [ˈbalɐ]

Determiner[edit]

bala

  1. Obsolete form of balang.

Anagrams[edit]


Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

bala

  1. young animal,nestling
  2. child

Ternate[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From N- +‎ pala (to rise).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bala

  1. (intransitive) to float up, to emerge from water
  2. (intransitive, by extension) to appear, to emerge
Conjugation[edit]
Conjugation of bala
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st tobala fobala mibala
2nd nobala nibala
3rd Human obalam, mobalaf ibala, yobala
Non-human ibala ibala, yabala
* m - masculine, f - feminine, - archaic

Etymology 2[edit]

From either Indonesian bala (army) or Javanese ꦧꦭ (bala, army), both from Sanskrit बल (bala)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bala

  1. people

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

bala

  1. child, baby (dialectal)

Uyghur[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bala

  1. Latin (ULY) transcription of بالا(bala)
  2. Latin (UYY) transcription of بالا(bala)

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *balago-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷel- (to dribble; gush forth; spring; squirt; throw). Cognate with English quell.

Noun[edit]

bala m (plural balaon)

  1. effluent, sluice

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bala fala mala unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “bala”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Wolof[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

bala

  1. before

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-bàda.

Verb[edit]

-bala

  1. to count

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-bàda.

Verb[edit]

-bala

  1. to count
  2. to calculate

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukubala
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukubala ukungabali
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular bala -bale
Plural balani -baleni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyabala, ngibala engibalayo, engibala ngibala angibali engingabali ngingabali
2nd singular uyabala, ubala obalayo, obala ubala awubali ongabali ungabali
1st plural siyabala, sibala esibalayo, esibala sibala asibali esingabali singabali
2nd plural niyabala, nibala enibalayo, enibala nibala anibali eningabali ningabali
Class 1 uyabala, ubala obalayo, obala ebala akabali ongabali engabali
Class 2 bayabala, babala ababalayo, ababala bebala ababali abangabali bengabali
Class 3 uyabala, ubala obalayo, obala ubala awubali ongabali ungabali
Class 4 iyabala, ibala ebalayo, ebala ibala ayibali engabali ingabali
Class 5 liyabala, libala elibalayo, elibala libala alibali elingabali lingabali
Class 6 ayabala, abala abalayo, abala ebala awabali angabali engabali
Class 7 siyabala, sibala esibalayo, esibala sibala asibali esingabali singabali
Class 8 ziyabala, zibala ezibalayo, ezibala zibala azibali ezingabali zingabali
Class 9 iyabala, ibala ebalayo, ebala ibala ayibali engabali ingabali
Class 10 ziyabala, zibala ezibalayo, ezibala zibala azibali ezingabali zingabali
Class 11 luyabala, lubala olubalayo, olubala lubala alubali olungabali lungabali
Class 14 buyabala, bubala obubalayo, obubala bubala abubali obungabali bungabali
Class 15 kuyabala, kubala okubalayo, okubala kubala akubali okungabali kungabali
Class 17 kuyabala, kubala okubalayo, okubala kubala akubali okungabali kungabali
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngibalile, ngibalē engibalile, engibalē ngibalile, ngibalē angibalanga engingabalanga ngingabalanga
2nd singular ubalile, ubalē obalile, obalē ubalile, ubalē awubalanga ongabalanga ungabalanga
1st plural sibalile, sibalē esibalile, esibalē sibalile, sibalē asibalanga esingabalanga singabalanga
2nd plural nibalile, nibalē enibalile, enibalē nibalile, nibalē anibalanga eningabalanga ningabalanga
Class 1 ubalile, ubalē obalile, obalē ebalile, ebalē akabalanga ongabalanga engabalanga
Class 2 babalile, babalē ababalile, ababalē bebalile, bebalē ababalanga abangabalanga bengabalanga
Class 3 ubalile, ubalē obalile, obalē ubalile, ubalē awubalanga ongabalanga ungabalanga
Class 4 ibalile, ibalē ebalile, ebalē ibalile, ibalē ayibalanga engabalanga ingabalanga
Class 5 libalile, libalē elibalile, elibalē libalile, libalē alibalanga elingabalanga lingabalanga
Class 6 abalile, abalē abalile, abalē ebalile, ebalē awabalanga angabalanga engabalanga
Class 7 sibalile, sibalē esibalile, esibalē sibalile, sibalē asibalanga esingabalanga singabalanga
Class 8 zibalile, zibalē ezibalile, ezibalē zibalile, zibalē azibalanga ezingabalanga zingabalanga
Class 9 ibalile, ibalē ebalile, ebalē ibalile, ibalē ayibalanga engabalanga ingabalanga
Class 10 zibalile, zibalē ezibalile, ezibalē zibalile, zibalē azibalanga ezingabalanga zingabalanga
Class 11 lubalile, lubalē olubalile, olubalē lubalile, lubalē alubalanga olungabalanga lungabalanga
Class 14 bubalile, bubalē obubalile, obubalē bubalile, bubalē abubalanga obungabalanga bungabalanga
Class 15 kubalile, kubalē okubalile, okubalē kubalile, kubalē akubalanga okungabalanga kungabalanga
Class 17 kubalile, kubalē okubalile, okubalē kubalile, kubalē akubalanga okungabalanga kungabalanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngābala engābala ngābala angibalanga engingabalanga ngingabalanga
2nd singular wābala owābala wābala awubalanga ongabalanga ungabalanga
1st plural sābala esābala sābala asibalanga esingabalanga singabalanga
2nd plural nābala enābala nābala anibalanga eningabalanga ningabalanga
Class 1 wābala owābala ābala akabalanga ongabalanga engabalanga
Class 2 bābala abābala bābala ababalanga abangabalanga bengabalanga
Class 3 wābala owābala wābala awubalanga ongabalanga ungabalanga
Class 4 yābala eyābala yābala ayibalanga engabalanga ingabalanga
Class 5 lābala elābala lābala alibalanga elingabalanga lingabalanga
Class 6 ābala ābala ābala awabalanga angabalanga engabalanga
Class 7 sābala esābala sābala asibalanga esingabalanga singabalanga
Class 8 zābala ezābala zābala azibalanga ezingabalanga zingabalanga
Class 9 yābala eyābala yābala ayibalanga engabalanga ingabalanga
Class 10 zābala ezābala zābala azibalanga ezingabalanga zingabalanga
Class 11 lwābala olwābala lwābala alubalanga olungabalanga lungabalanga
Class 14 bābala obābala bābala abubalanga obungabalanga bungabalanga
Class 15 kwābala okwābala kwābala akubalanga okungabalanga kungabalanga
Class 17 kwābala okwābala kwābala akubalanga okungabalanga kungabalanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingabala ngingabala ngingebale ngingebale
2nd singular ungabala ungabala ungebale ungebale
1st plural singabala singabala singebale singebale
2nd plural ningabala ningabala ningebale ningebale
Class 1 angabala engabala angebale engebale
Class 2 bangabala bengabala bangebale bengebale
Class 3 ungabala ungabala ungebale ungebale
Class 4 ingabala ingabala ingebale ingebale
Class 5 lingabala lingabala lingebale lingebale
Class 6 angabala engabala angebale engebale
Class 7 singabala singabala singebale singebale
Class 8 zingabala zingabala zingebale zingebale
Class 9 ingabala ingabala ingebale ingebale
Class 10 zingabala zingabala zingebale zingebale
Class 11 lungabala lungabala lungebale lungebale
Class 14 bungabala bungabala bungebale bungebale
Class 15 kungabala kungabala kungebale kungebale
Class 17 kungabala kungabala kungebale kungebale
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizobala engizobala ngizobala angizubala engingezubala ngingezubala
2nd singular uzobala ozobala uzobala awuzubala ongezubala ungezubala
1st plural sizobala esizobala sizobala asizubala esingezubala singezubala
2nd plural nizobala enizobala nizobala anizubala eningezubala ningezubala
Class 1 uzobala ozobala ezobala akazubala ongezubala engezubala
Class 2 bazobala abazobala bezobala abazubala abangezubala bengezubala
Class 3 uzobala ozobala uzobala awuzubala ongezubala ungezubala
Class 4 izobala ezobala izobala ayizubala engezubala ingezubala
Class 5 lizobala elizobala lizobala alizubala elingezubala lingezubala
Class 6 azobala azobala ezobala awazubala angezubala engezubala
Class 7 sizobala esizobala sizobala asizubala esingezubala singezubala
Class 8 zizobala ezizobala zizobala azizubala ezingezubala zingezubala
Class 9 izobala ezobala izobala ayizubala engezubala ingezubala
Class 10 zizobala ezizobala zizobala azizubala ezingezubala zingezubala
Class 11 luzobala oluzobala luzobala aluzubala olungezubala lungezubala
Class 14 buzobala obuzobala buzobala abuzubala obungezubala bungezubala
Class 15 kuzobala okuzobala kuzobala akuzubala okungezubala kungezubala
Class 17 kuzobala okuzobala kuzobala akuzubala okungezubala kungezubala
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyobala engiyobala ngiyobala angiyubala engingeyubala ngingeyubala
2nd singular uyobala oyobala uyobala awuyubala ongeyubala ungeyubala
1st plural siyobala esiyobala siyobala asiyubala esingeyubala singeyubala
2nd plural niyobala eniyobala niyobala aniyubala eningeyubala ningeyubala
Class 1 uyobala oyobala eyobala akayubala ongeyubala engeyubala
Class 2 bayobala abayobala beyobala abayubala abangeyubala bengeyubala
Class 3 uyobala oyobala uyobala awuyubala ongeyubala ungeyubala
Class 4 iyobala eyobala iyobala ayiyubala engeyubala ingeyubala
Class 5 liyobala eliyobala liyobala aliyubala elingeyubala lingeyubala
Class 6 ayobala ayobala eyobala awayubala angeyubala engeyubala
Class 7 siyobala esiyobala siyobala asiyubala esingeyubala singeyubala
Class 8 ziyobala eziyobala ziyobala aziyubala ezingeyubala zingeyubala
Class 9 iyobala eyobala iyobala ayiyubala engeyubala ingeyubala
Class 10 ziyobala eziyobala ziyobala aziyubala ezingeyubala zingeyubala
Class 11 luyobala oluyobala luyobala aluyubala olungeyubala lungeyubala
Class 14 buyobala obuyobala buyobala abuyubala obungeyubala bungeyubala
Class 15 kuyobala okuyobala kuyobala akuyubala okungeyubala kungeyubala
Class 17 kuyobala okuyobala kuyobala akuyubala okungeyubala kungeyubala
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngibale ngingabali
2nd singular ubale ungabali
1st plural sibale singabali
2nd plural nibale ningabali
Class 1 abale angabali
Class 2 babale bangabali
Class 3 ubale ungabali
Class 4 ibale ingabali
Class 5 libale lingabali
Class 6 abale angabali
Class 7 sibale singabali
Class 8 zibale zingabali
Class 9 ibale ingabali
Class 10 zibale zingabali
Class 11 lubale lungabali
Class 14 bubale bungabali
Class 15 kubale kungabali
Class 17 kubale kungabali
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngabala ngangabala, angabala, angangabala
2nd singular wabala wangabala, awabala, awangabala
1st plural sabala sangabala, asabala, asangabala
2nd plural nabala nangabala, anabala, anangabala
Class 1 wabala wangabala, akabala, akangabala
Class 2 babala bangabala, ababala, abangabala
Class 3 wabala wangabala, awabala, awangabala
Class 4 yabala yangabala, ayabala, ayangabala
Class 5 labala langabala, alabala, alangabala
Class 6 abala angabala, awabala, awangabala
Class 7 sabala sangabala, asabala, asangabala
Class 8 zabala zangabala, azabala, azangabala
Class 9 yabala yangabala, ayabala, ayangabala
Class 10 zabala zangabala, azabala, azangabala
Class 11 lwabala lwangabala, alwabala, alwangabala
Class 14 babala bangabala, ababala, abangabala
Class 15 kwabala kwangabala, akwabala, akwangabala
Class 17 kwabala kwangabala, akwabala, akwangabala

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]