From Middle English quellen, from Old English cwellan (“to kill”), from Proto-West Germanic *kwalljan, from Proto-Germanic *kwaljaną (“to make die; kill”). Cognate with German quälen (“to torment; agonise; smite”), Swedish kvälja (“to torment”), Icelandic kvelja (“to torture; torment”). Compare also Old Armenian կեղ (keł, “sore, ulcer”), Old Church Slavonic жаль (žalĭ, “pain”). See also kill, which may be its doublet.
- (transitive) To subdue, put down, or silence (someone or something); to force (someone) to submit. [from 10th c.]
- 1849–1861, Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter 1, in The History of England from the Accession of James the Second, volumes (please specify |volume=I to V), London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, →OCLC:
- The nation obeyed the call, rallied round the sovereign, and enabled him to quell the disaffected minority.
- (transitive) To suppress, to put an end to (something); to extinguish. [from 14th c.]
- to quell grief
- to quell the tumult of the soul
- (obsolete, transitive) To kill. [9th–19th c.]
- (obsolete, intransitive) To be subdued or abated; to diminish. [16th–17th c.]
- To die.
quell (plural quells)
- A subduing.
- 1903, Knowledge: A Monthly Record of Science:
- The quell of the rebellion raised Justinian to the acme of power.
- 1978, Shiu Heng Chook, Chiang Kai-shek Close-up: A Personal View:
- Hu had been supportive of Chiang's role throughout the northern expedition and the quell of southern rebellion.
- 1994, United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. international drug control policy: recent experience, future options : seminar proceedings, Government Printing Office, →ISBN:
- The consequences have not been significant in terms of the quell of any of the three drugs into the United States.
- 1998, Mirza Arshad Ali Beg, Democracy Displaced in Pakistan: Case History of Disasters of Social Pollution:
- Each Martial Law was marked by the quell of civil liberties or human rights.
- 2013, Suzanne Collins, Catching Fire, UK: Scholastic:
- But to make things even worse, this is the year of the Seventy-fifth Hunger Games, and that means it's also a Quarter Quell. They occur every twenty-five years, marking the anniversary of the districts' defeat with over-the-top celebrations and, for extra fun, some miserable twist for the tributes.
- 2014, Markham J. Geller, Melammu: The Ancient World in an Age of Globalization, epubli, →ISBN, page 136:
- An example can be found in the data about the campaigns of Aššur-bān-apli against Arab tribes after the quell of the revolt of Šamaš-šumukīn.
From Middle English *quelle (suggested by the verb quellen (“to well up; gush forth”)), from Old English cwylla, *cwielle (“spring; source”), from Proto-West Germanic *kwalljā (“spring, well”). Compare German Quelle.
quell (plural quells)
- A source, especially a spring.
- 1894, George Egerton, Discords:
- And when they had eaten, and sat resting in a grotto, he was still singing, and she was the goddess of his Muse, — the quell of living waters out of which he drew fresh strength for new lays.
- 1969, Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov, Ada, Or, Ardor, a Family Chronicle, Vintage, →ISBN:
- Other excruciations replaced her namesake's loquacious quells so completely that when, during a lucid interval, she happened to open with her weak little hand a lavabo cock for a drink of water, the tepid lymph replied in its own lingo […]
- 2001, Hans-Dieter Klingemann, Andrea Römmele, Public Information Campaigns and Opinion Research: A Handbook for the Student and Practitioner, SAGE, →ISBN, page 82:
- The strategists had access to a wide array of private polling and information from focus groups; a quell of information stretching back over his years as a state-wide candidate and office holder.
- An emotion or sensation which rises suddenly.
- 2001, Zane Gates, The Cure, iUniverse, →ISBN, page 241:
- A quell of strength over took Robin with each of his words. She was about to fall apart, but Jacob was as brave as a warrior going into battle.
- 2011, Linda Lee Chaikin, Hawaiian Crosswinds, Moody Publishers, →ISBN:
- For a moment their eyes locked, and she felt a quell of anger rise above her apprehension. Reality struck with appalling clarity, yet she could only lie down, partially drugged and untidy as she was from such rough traveling.
- 2012, Molly Hopkins, It Happened at Boot Camp: Exclusive Novella, Hachette UK, →ISBN:
- I read on. It will cost two hundred and fifty quid. I felt a quell of alarm, that's quite expensive.
- Alternative form of