жаль

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Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognates include Old Norse kvelja, Old English cwellan, Old High German quellan, Old Armenian կեղ(keł, sore, ulcer).

Noun[edit]

жаль ‎(žalĭf

  1. grave

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Adverbial form made from жа́лость(žálostʹ).

Predicative[edit]

жаль ‎(žalʹ) (invariable, impersonal form)

  1. it's a pity
  2. (with the subject in the dative) pities, is sorry
    Ему́ жаль её.‎ ― Jemú žalʹ jejó. ― He pities her.
    Мне жаль смотре́ть на неё.‎ ― Mne žalʹ smotrétʹ na nejó. ― It grieves me to look at her.
    Ему́ жаль куска́ хле́ба.‎ ― Jemú žalʹ kuská xléba. ― He begrudges a crust of bread.
    о́чень жаль.‎ ― óčenʹ žalʹ. ― more's the pity.
    как жаль!‎ ― kak žalʹ! ― what a pity!

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

жаль ‎(žalʹ)

  1. second-person singular imperative imperfective of жа́лить(žálitʹ, bite, sting)

Ukrainian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

жаль ‎(žalʹm inan ‎(genitive жа́лю, nominative plural жалі́)

  1. regret, grief, sorrow, pity

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bilodid I. K., editor (1970–1980), “жаль”, in Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy, Kiev: Naukova Dumka