pala

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Pala, palá, pāla, pală, palą, pała, pałą, pala-, and påla

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pāla. Doublet of peel.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pala (plural palae)

  1. A part of an insect's leg that is spade-shaped and can be used as a scoop for feeding.

Anagrams[edit]


Balinese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

pala

  1. Romanization of ᬧᬮ
  2. Romanization of ᬧᬵᬮ
  3. Romanization of ᬨᬮ

Bikol Central[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish pala (shovel, spade).

Noun[edit]

pala

  1. shovel; spade

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pāla (shovel, spade).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pala f (plural pales)

  1. shovel, spade
  2. blade (the widest, thinnest part of something)
  3. paddle
    Synonym: rem
  4. tongue (of a shoe)
    Synonym: llengüeta
  5. dustpan
    Synonym: arreplegador

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Chavacano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish pala (shovel, spade).

Noun[edit]

pala

  1. shovel; spade

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

pala

  1. a kind of rug
    Synonym: kilim

Declension[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): [ˈpala]
  • Rhymes: -ala
  • Hyphenation: pa‧la

Adjective[edit]

pala (accusative singular palan, plural palaj, accusative plural palajn)

  1. pale; sallow

Finnish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *pala, from Proto-Uralic *pala. Cognates include Veps pala, Estonian pala, Erzya пал (pal), and Hungarian fal.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɑlɑ/, [ˈpɑlɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlɑ
  • Syllabification: pa‧la

Noun[edit]

pala

  1. piece, bit
    pala palaltapiece by piece, piecemeal
  2. lump, chunk
  3. block
  4. tablet, bar
  5. (idiomatic) of something that is difficult to accept or endure; especially with the adjective vaikea
    Veronkorotus on äänestäjille vaikea pala.
    The tax increase is a hard pill to swallow for the voters.
    Hänen kuolemansa oli minulle kova pala.
    Her death was a hard blow for me.
Declension[edit]
Inflection of pala (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative pala palat
genitive palan palojen
partitive palaa paloja
illative palaan paloihin
singular plural
nominative pala palat
accusative nom. pala palat
gen. palan
genitive palan palojen
palainrare
partitive palaa paloja
inessive palassa paloissa
elative palasta paloista
illative palaan paloihin
adessive palalla paloilla
ablative palalta paloilta
allative palalle paloille
essive palana paloina
translative palaksi paloiksi
instructive paloin
abessive palatta paloitta
comitative paloineen
Possessive forms of pala (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person palani palamme
2nd person palasi palanne
3rd person palansa
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɑlɑˣ/, [ˈpɑlɑ(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlɑ
  • Syllabification: pa‧la

Verb[edit]

pala

  1. Indicative present connegative form of palaa.
    Minä en pala.I don't burn.
  2. Second-person singular imperative present form of palaa.
    Pala!Burn!
  3. Second-person singular imperative present connegative form of palaa.
    Älä pala!Don't burn!

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #695 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary.

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Obscure. From a pre-Roman substrate of Iberia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pala f (plural palas)

  1. rock shelter
    Synonym: paleira
  2. burrow, den
    Synonyms: paleira, tobeira, tobo, toco, toqueira

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Garo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

pala

  1. (transitive) to sell

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɒlɒ]
  • Hyphenation: pa‧la
  • Rhymes: -lɒ

Noun[edit]

pala (plural palák)

  1. slate

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative pala palák
accusative palát palákat
dative palának paláknak
instrumental palával palákkal
causal-final paláért palákért
translative palává palákká
terminative paláig palákig
essive-formal palaként palákként
essive-modal
inessive palában palákban
superessive palán palákon
adessive palánál paláknál
illative palába palákba
sublative palára palákra
allative palához palákhoz
elative palából palákból
delative paláról palákról
ablative palától paláktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
paláé paláké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
paláéi palákéi
Possessive forms of pala
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. palám paláim
2nd person sing. palád paláid
3rd person sing. palája palái
1st person plural palánk paláink
2nd person plural palátok paláitok
3rd person plural palájuk paláik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

Further reading[edit]

  • pala in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Malay pala, from Sanskrit फल (phala). Doublet of pahala.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pa.la/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧la

Noun[edit]

pala

  1. nutmeg (Myristica fragrans).

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *pala, from Proto-Uralic *pala. Cognates include Finnish pala and Estonian pala.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pala (genitive palan, partitive pallaa)

  1. piece, bit
    Pala leippää.A peace of meat.

References[edit]

  • Vitalij Chernyavskij (2005) Ižoran keel (Ittseopastaja)[2]

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpa.la/
  • Rhymes: -ala
  • Hyphenation: pà‧la

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin pāla (shovel, spade).

Noun[edit]

pala f (plural pale)

  1. shovel, trowel
  2. blade (of a propellor, fan, etc.)
  3. paddle
  4. retable
  5. altarpiece
  6. pall
  7. vane
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

pala

  1. inflection of palare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Javanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

pala

  1. Romanization of ꦥꦭ

Karao[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish pala.

Noun[edit]

pala

  1. shovel

Karelian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *pala.

Noun[edit]

pala

  1. bit

Kott[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔapV (hotness, sweat). Compare Assan palá, pfóltu, paltu (hot).

Noun[edit]

pala

  1. hotness

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *pākslā, from Proto-Indo-European *pak-slo-, from root *peh₂ǵ-. See pangō, pāgus, pacīscor, pāx, pāgina.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pāla f (genitive pālae); first declension

  1. A shovel, spade.
    Synonym: rutrum
  2. The bezel of a ring.
    • c. 44 BC, Cicero, De Officiis, 3.38
      ibi cum palam eius anuli ad palmam converterat a nullo videbatur ipse autem omnia videbat
      As often as he turned the bezel of the ring inwards toward the palm of his hand, he became invisible to everyone, while he himself saw everything;
  3. (Classical Latin, rare) the banana plant
    • c. 77 CE – 79 CE, Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia XII.24:
      Maior alia pomo et suavitate praecellentior, quo sapientes Indorum vivunt. Folium alas avium imitatur, longitudine trium cubitorum, latitudine duum. Fructum cortice emittit admirabilem suci dulcedine, ut uno quaternos satiet. Arbori nomen palae, pomo arienae. Plurima est in Sydracis, expeditionum Alexandri termino.
      There is a greater one, surpassing other fruit trees even in softness, which Indian sages live on. Its leaf copies the wings of birds, being three cubits in length and two in width. It produces its fruit from its bark, and the fruit is astonishing in its sweetness, one being enough for four people. The name of the tree is the pala, and ariena that of the fruit. It is found in great number among the Sydraci, at the limit of Alexander the Great's campaigns.

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pāla pālae
Genitive pālae pālārum
Dative pālae pālīs
Accusative pālam pālās
Ablative pālā pālīs
Vocative pāla pālae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: pala
  • English: pale
  • Old French: pele
  • French: pale
  • Friulian: pale
  • Galician: pa, paa
  • Italian: pala
  • Piedmontese: pala
  • Portuguese: , pala
  • Sicilian: pala
  • Spanish: pala

References[edit]

  • pala”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • pala”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pala in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[3], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to become known, become a topic of common conversation (used of things): foras efferri, palam fieri, percrebrescere, divulgari, in medium proferri, exire, emanare
  • pala”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pala”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Livonian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *pala.

Noun[edit]

pala

  1. bit

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit फल (phala). Doublet of pahala.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pa.la/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧la

Noun[edit]

pala (Jawi spelling ڤالا‎, plural pala-pala, informal 1st possessive palaku, impolite 2nd possessive palamu, 3rd possessive palanya)

  1. nutmeg (Myristica fragrans).

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian pala or a Sicilian equivalent, eventually from Latin pala. For the sense “palm of the hand”, the phonetic similarity with Italian palma may be considered, though a direct derivation from “shovel” is also plausible.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pala f (plural pali)

  1. shovel; spade
    Synonym: luħ
  2. (usually in the construction pala tal-id) palm of the hand; or the inner part of the hand (including the fingers)
    Synonyms: keff, keffa

Ngiyambaa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central New South Wales *balaŋ, cognate with Wiradhuri balang.

Noun[edit]

pala

  1. head

Pitjantjatjara[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

pala

  1. (demonstrative) that, there
    Watingku pala tii tjikini.That man is drinking tea.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpa.la/
  • Rhymes: -ala
  • Syllabification: pa‧la

Noun[edit]

pala

  1. genitive singular of pal

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pala.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpa.lɐ/, [ˈpa.lɐ]

  • Hyphenation: pa‧la
  • Rhymes: -alɐ

Noun[edit]

pala f (plural palas)

  1. (heraldry) pale

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pāla (shovel, spade).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpala/, [ˈpa.la]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

pala f (plural palas)

  1. shovel, spade
  2. blade of an oar, a shovel, etc.
  3. (shoemaking) upper, vamp
  4. setting (piece of metal in which a precious gem is fixed)
  5. paddle
  6. (baking) peel

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compare Bikol Central palan.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pa‧la
  • IPA(key): /paˈla/, [pɐˈla]

Interjection[edit]

palá

  1. expressing sudden realization; exclamation of surprise.
    Ikaw palá!So it's you!
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Malay pahala (reward; grant), from Sanskrit फल (phála, fruit; benefit).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pa‧la
  • IPA(key): /ˈpalaʔ/, [ˈpalɐʔ]

Noun[edit]

palà

  1. blessing; grace; bounty; favor
    Synonyms: biyaya, kaloob, gantimpala, premyo
  2. reward; bounty; prize; renumeration
    Synonyms: kaloob, gantimpala, premyo, pabuya
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Possibly also from Sanskrit फल (phala, result, yield, consequence, effect, retribution, literally fruit).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pa‧la
  • IPA(key): /paˈlaʔ/, [pɐˈlaʔ]

Noun[edit]

palâ

  1. recompense; consequence
    Synonym: hita
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Spanish pala (shovel; spade).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pa‧la
  • IPA(key): /ˈpala/, [ˈpalɐ]

Noun[edit]

pála

  1. shovel; spade
  2. (colloquial) person paid to applaud or perform paid activities
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wolff, John U. (1976), “Malay borrowings in Tagalog”, in C.D. Cowan & O.W. Wolters, editors, Southeast Asian History and Historiography: Essays Presented to D. G. E. Hall[1], Ithaca: Cornell University Press, page 359

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *pala.

Noun[edit]

pala

  1. piece, bit
  2. part
  3. share, portion
  4. chapter (of a book)
  5. scene (of a play, film)
  6. plate

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of pala
nominative sing. pala
genitive sing. palan
partitive sing. palad
partitive plur. paloid
singular plural
nominative pala palad
accusative palan palad
genitive palan paloiden
partitive palad paloid
essive-instructive palan paloin
translative palaks paloikš
inessive palas paloiš
elative palaspäi paloišpäi
illative ? paloihe
adessive palal paloil
ablative palalpäi paloilpäi
allative palale paloile
abessive palata paloita
comitative palanke paloidenke
prolative paladme paloidme
approximative I palanno paloidenno
approximative II palannoks paloidennoks
egressive palannopäi paloidennopäi
terminative I ? paloihesai
terminative II palalesai paloilesai
terminative III palassai
additive I ? paloihepäi
additive II palalepäi paloilepäi

References[edit]


West Makian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Ternate fala, Tidore fola, Tabaru woa, etc.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pala

  1. house
  2. nest

References[edit]

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[4], Pacific linguistics

Zacatlán-Ahuacatlán-Tepetzintla Nahuatl[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish pala, from Latin pāla.

Noun[edit]

pala

  1. shovel

References[edit]

  • Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C. (2006) Pequeño diccionario ilustrado: Náhuatl de los municipios de Zacatlán, Tepetzintla y Ahuacatlán[5], segunda edición edition, Tlalpan, D.F. México: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 22