lump

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See also: Lump

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English lumpe. Compare Dutch lomp (rag), German Low German Lump (rag), German Lumpen (rag) and Lump (ragamuffin).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /lʌmp/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌmp

Noun[edit]

lump (plural lumps)

  1. Something that protrudes, sticks out, or sticks together; a cluster or blob; a mound or mass of no particular shape.
    Stir the gravy until there are no more lumps.
    a lump of coal; a lump of clay; a lump of cheese
  2. A group, set, or unit.
    The money arrived all at once as one big lump sum payment.
  3. A small, shaped mass of sugar, typically about a teaspoonful.
    Do you want one lump or two with your coffee?
  4. A dull or lazy person.
    Don't just sit there like a lump.
  5. (informal, as plural) A beating or verbal abuse.
    He's taken his lumps over the years.
    • 1994, Robert J. McMahon, The cold war on the periphery: the United States, India, and Pakistan, page 323:
      Komer admitted that the United States would probably suffer "short term lumps" as a result of Johnson's brusque decision.
  6. A projection beneath the breech end of a gun barrel.
  7. A kind of fish, the lumpsucker.
    • 1863, Sheridan Le Fanu, The House by the Churchyard:
      You roast him [the fish] [] just like a lump.
  8. (obsolete, slang) Food given to a tramp to be eaten on the road.
    • 1923, Arthur Preston Hankins, Cole of Spyglass Mountain, New York: Grosset & Dunlap, Chapter 12,[1]
      “A lump,” explained The Whimperer [] “is wot a kin’ lady slips youse w’en youse batter de back door. If she invites youse in and lets youse t’row yer feet unner de table, it’s a set-down. If she slips youse a lunch in a poiper bag, it’s a lump. See? []

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

lump (third-person singular simple present lumps, present participle lumping, simple past and past participle lumped)

  1. (transitive) To treat as a single unit; to group together in a casual or chaotic manner (as if forming an ill-defined lump of the items).
    People tend to lump turtles and tortoises together, when in fact they are different creatures.
    • 2015 February 24, Daniel Taylor, “Luis Suárez strikes twice as Barcelona teach Manchester City a lesson”, in The Guardian (London)[2]:
      Pellegrini’s decision to operate with both Edin Dzeko and Agüero in attack certainly looks misjudged bearing in mind that the first way to stop Barcelona is usually to try to crowd midfield and restrict space. Yet it would be wrong to lump all the blame on the manager’s tactics.
  2. (transitive) To bear a heavy or awkward burden; to carry something unwieldy from one place to another.
    • 1876, Belgravia (volume 30, page 131)
      Well, a male body was brought to a certain surgeon by a man he had often employed, and the pair lumped it down on the dissecting table, and then the vendor received his money and went.
    • 1999, Alf Goldberg, World's End for Sir Oswald: Portraits of Working-class Life in Pre-war London, Book Guild, →ISBN:
      I never ceased to be amazed at his prowess at being able to lump two-hundredweight sacks of coal, which seemed as big as he was, up perhaps four flights of narrow stairs
  3. (transitive, slang) To hit or strike (a person).
    • 1962, Floyd Patterson, Victory Over Myself (page 63)
      If that's the only way you can fight, then you'd better be prepared to get lumped.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Lump.

Noun[edit]

lump m

  1. scoundrel, rascal

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • lump in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • lump in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

From English lumpfish.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lump m (plural lumps)

  1. lumpfish
    œufs de lumplumpfish eggs

References[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Lump.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lump (comparative lumpabb, superlative leglumpabb)

  1. rakish, dissolute, debauched (regularly engaging in late night drunken social gatherings)
    Synonyms: korhely, mulatós, kicsapongó, italos, részeges

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative lump lumpok
accusative lumpot lumpokat
dative lumpnak lumpoknak
instrumental lumppal lumpokkal
causal-final lumpért lumpokért
translative lumppá lumpokká
terminative lumpig lumpokig
essive-formal lumpként lumpokként
essive-modal
inessive lumpban lumpokban
superessive lumpon lumpokon
adessive lumpnál lumpoknál
illative lumpba lumpokba
sublative lumpra lumpokra
allative lumphoz lumpokhoz
elative lumpból lumpokból
delative lumpról lumpokról
ablative lumptól lumpoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
lumpé lumpoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
lumpéi lumpokéi

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

lump (plural lumpok)

  1. (colloquial, derogatory, chiefly of a man) rascal, carouser, roisterer, raver, drunkard (a person who regularly attends late night drunken social gatherings)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative lump lumpok
accusative lumpot lumpokat
dative lumpnak lumpoknak
instrumental lumppal lumpokkal
causal-final lumpért lumpokért
translative lumppá lumpokká
terminative lumpig lumpokig
essive-formal lumpként lumpokként
essive-modal
inessive lumpban lumpokban
superessive lumpon lumpokon
adessive lumpnál lumpoknál
illative lumpba lumpokba
sublative lumpra lumpokra
allative lumphoz lumpokhoz
elative lumpból lumpokból
delative lumpról lumpokról
ablative lumptól lumpoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
lumpé lumpoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
lumpéi lumpokéi
Possessive forms of lump
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. lumpom lumpjaim
2nd person sing. lumpod lumpjaid
3rd person sing. lumpja lumpjai
1st person plural lumpunk lumpjaink
2nd person plural lumpotok lumpjaitok
3rd person plural lumpjuk lumpjaik

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN
  2. ^ lump in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • lump in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Lump.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lump m pers

  1. (colloquial, derogatory) ne'er-do-well

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

lump m inan

  1. (Poznań) clothing
  2. (colloquial) Clipping of lumpeks.

Further reading[edit]

  • lump in Polish dictionaries at PWN