sugar

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See also: sugár

English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From later Old French çucre (circa 13th cent), from Medieval Latin zuccarum, from Old Italian zucchero, from Arabic سُكّر (súkkar), from Persian شکر (šakar), from Sanskrit शर्करा (śárkarā, ground or candied sugar", originally "grit, gravel), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱorkeh- (gravel, boulder), akin to Ancient Greek κρόκη (krókē, pebble).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sugar (countable and uncountable, plural sugars)

  1. (uncountable) Sucrose in the form of small crystals, obtained from sugar cane or sugar beet and used to sweeten food and drink.
  2. (countable) When used to sweeten a drink, an amount of this substance approximately equal to five grams or one teaspoon.
    He usually has his coffee white with one sugar.
  3. (countable, chemistry) Any of various small carbohydrates that are used by organisms to store energy.
  4. (countable) A generic term for sucrose, glucose, fructose, etc.
  5. (countable) A term of endearment.
    I'll be with you in a moment, sugar.
  6. (countable, slang) A kiss.
  7. (chiefly southern US, slang, uncountable) Effeminacy in a male, often implying homosexuality.
    I think John has a little bit of sugar in him.
  8. (uncountable, informal) Diabetes.
  9. (by extension) Anything resembling sugar in taste or appearance.
    Sugar of lead (lead acetate) is a poisonous white crystalline substance with a sweet taste.
  10. Compliment or flattery used to disguise or render acceptable something obnoxious; honeyed or soothing words.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

sugar (third-person singular simple present sugars, present participle sugaring, simple past and past participle sugared)

  1. (transitive) To add sugar to; to sweeten with sugar.
    John heavily sugars his coffee.
  2. (transitive) To make (something unpleasant) seem less so.
    She has a gift for sugaring what would otherwise be harsh words.
  3. (US, regional) In making maple sugar, to complete the process of boiling down the syrup till it is thick enough to crystallize; to approach or reach the state of granulation; with the preposition off.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Interjection[edit]

sugar

  1. (informal, euphemistic) Used in place of shit!
    Oh, sugar!

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From su + gar.

Noun[edit]

sugar

  1. flame

Ido[edit]

Verb[edit]

sugar (present tense sugas, past tense sugis, future tense sugos, imperative sugez, conditional sugus)

  1. (transitive) to suck

Conjugation[edit]


Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

sūgar

  1. first-person singular future passive indicative of sūgō

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *sucāre, from Latin sugere, present active infinitive of sugō.

Verb[edit]

sugar (first-person singular present indicative sugo, past participle sugado)

  1. to suck

Conjugation[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From suge (to suck) + -ar. Compare Dalmatian sugol (lamb).

Adjective[edit]

sugar

  1. suckling-

Noun[edit]

sugar m (plural sugarifeminine equivalent sugară)

  1. unweaned baby, newborn
  2. suckling, young mammal that hasn't weaned yet

Synonyms[edit]


Venetian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin exsūcō (I juice; I dry) (compare Italian asciugare).

Verb[edit]

sugar

  1. (transitive) to wipe, dry

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]